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Full text of "Catalog, 1943-44"

TERN 



ilCHMOND; KENTUCKY 




CORRECTED FOR FAIL QUARTER - 1944 



-EASTERN KENTUCKY REVIEW 



Published Di-monthly bs the Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College and 

entered at the post/office at Richmond, Kentucky, 

as second-class matter November 20. 1906. 



EASTERN KENTUCKY 
STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

RICHMOND, KENTUCKY 




CATALOG NUMBER 
1943-44 



EASTERN KENTUCKY REVIEW 



VOL. XXXIV 



JULY, 1943 



No. 1 



Published bi-monthly by the Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College and 

entered at the post office at Richmond, Kentucky, 

as second-class matter November 20, 1906. 



A STANDARD COLLEGE 

Approved by 
Kentucky Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools 

American Association of Teachers Colleges 

Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools 

American Association of University Women 

and 

American Council on Education 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Calendar, The College 6 

Certificates: 

Administration and Supervision 57 

Attendance Officers 57 

Elementary 54 

High School 56 

Curricula 43 

Degrees: 

Baccalaureate, Professional 45 

Baccalaureate, Nonprofessional 45 

General Requirements 45 

Graduate 58 

Departments of Instruction: 

Agriculture 59 

Art 61 

Biology 63 

Chemistry 65 

Commerce 67 

Education 73 

English 79 

French 85 

General Science 86 

Geography 87 

Geology 90 

German 90 

Government 90 

Graduate 77 

Health 91 

History 92 

Home Economics 95 

Industrial Arts 97 

Latin 101 

Library Science 103 

Mathematics 103 

Military Science and Tactics 105 

Music 110 

Philosophy 118 

Physical Education 118 

Physics 120 

Psychology 122 

Sociology 123 

Spanish 124 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

Page 
General Information: 

Admission Requirements 37 

Advanced Standing 37 

Aims of the College 21 

Alumni Association 40 

Assembly Programs 37 

Book Store 34 

Buildings 25 

Church Affiliations 36 

College Cafeteria 34 

Commencement 40 

Employment, Opportunities for Student 31 

Expenses 29 

Extension Division 40 

Fine Arts Series 36 

Grading System 38 

Health Service 34 

History 23 

Living Accommodations 32 

Location 24 

Mail Service 34 

Numbering of Courses 38 

Organization 21 

Organizations, Student 35 

Physical Education 34 

Publications, Student 36 

Schedule Changes 40 

Scholarships, Loans, and Special Awards 31 

Standard of Work 39 

Student Guidance and Personnel 36 

Student Load 39 

Training School 42 

Withdrawals 40 

Organizations: 

Administrative Staff 20 

Board of Regents 7 

Executive Committee 7 

Faculty 9 

Faculty Committees 18 

Faculty Organization 17 

Library Staff 16 

Officers of Administration and Instruction 8 

Officers of the Board 7 



JANUARY 



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SEPTEMBER 



OCTOBER 



NOVEMBER 



M T W T 



DECEMBER 



M T W T F • 



JB." tI: O 



JANUARY 



FEBRUARY 



MARCH 



APRIL 



MAY_ 



M T W T 



JUNE 



M T W T 



JULY 



AUGUST 



• M T W T 



SEPTEMBER 



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OCTOBER 



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NOVEMBER 



DECEMBER 



M T W T 



COLLEGE CALENDAR 1943-44 



September 23, 24, 25 



September 27 

September 28 
September 29 
October 1 
November 25 
December 16 



January 4 
January 5 
January 7 
January 11 
March 18 



FALL QUARTER 

Thursday Admission and classification of 

Friday freshmen* 

Saturday 

Monday Registration of upper-class 

students 
Tuesday Classes begin 

Wednesday Last day to register for full load 
Friday Last day to register for credit 

Thursday Thanksgiving (holiday) 
Thursday Quarter ends 

WINTER QUARTER 

Tuesday Registration 

Wednesday Classes begin 

Friday Last day to register for full load 

Tuesday Last day to register for credit 

Saturday Quarter ends 



March 20 
March 21 
March 23 
March 27 
May 28 
May 31 
June 2 



SPRING QUARTER 

Monday Registration 

Tuesday Classes begin 

Thursday Last day to register for full load 

Monday Last day to register for credit 

Sunday Baccalaureate service 

Wednesday Commencement 

Friday Quarter ends 



SUMMER QUARTER 1944 
First Term 



June 7 


Wednesday 


Registration 


June 8 


Thursday 


Last day to register for full load 


June 9 


Friday 


Last day to register for credit 


July 15 


Saturday 


Term closes 




Second 


Term 


July 17 


Monday 


Registration 


July 18 


Tuesday 


Last day to register for full load 


July 19 


Wednesday 


Last day to register for credit 


August 20 


Sunday 


Baccalaureate service 


August 22 


Tuesday 


Commencement 


August 23 


Wednesday 


Quarter closes 



* Freshmen students are expected to be present at S:30 a.m., Thurs- 
day, September 23, and remain for the entire period set aside for 
admission and classification of first-year students. 



BOARD OF REGENTS 

JOHN FRED WILLIAMS 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex officio Chairman 

Dr. 0, F. Hume, Richmond, Kentucky 
H Everett J. Evans, Paint svi lie, Ky. 

KEEN JOHNSON, Richmond, Kentucky 
JESSE M. ALVERSON, Lexington, Kentucky 

OFFICERS OF THE BOARD 

JOHN FRED WILLIAMS, Chairman 

Dr. 0. F. Hume, Vice-Chairman 

KATHERINE MORGAN, Secretary 

SPEARS TURLEY, Treasurer 

KEEN JOHNSON, Representative of Board of Regents on Council 
on Public Higher Education 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Dr. 0. F. Hume, Chairman 
JESSE M. ALVERSON 
W. F. O'DONNELL 

Everett J. Evans 



OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION 
AND INSTRUCTION 

W. F. O'DONNELL, A. B., M. A., LL. D President 

WILLIAM C. JONES, B. S., A. M., Ph. D Dean 

MELVIN E. MATTOX, B. S., M. A Registrar 

MRS. EMMA YOUNG CASE, A. B., M. A Dean of Women 

CHARLES A. KEITH, B. A., M. A., Ped. D Dean of Men 

RICHARD A. EDWARDS, A. B., A. M. ..Director of Training School 

G. M. BROCK Business Agent 

W. A. AULT Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds 



FACULTY 

W. F. O'DONNELL, A. B., M. A., LL.D. President 

A. B., Transylvania College; M. A., Teachers College, Columbia 
University; LL.D., Transylvania College. 

KERNEY M. ADAMS, A. B., A. M. Associate Professor of History 

Diploma, Eastern Kentucky State Normal School; A. B., Uni- 
versity of Kentucky; A. M., Cornell University; additional graduate 
work, Harvard University. 

**JACK ALLEN, A. B., M. A., Ph. D. Assistant Professor of History 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., Ph. D., 
George Peabody College for Teachers. 

ANNIE ALVIS, A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

A. B., State Teachers College, Farmville, Virginia; M. A., 
Teachers College, Columbia University; graduate student, Uni- 
versity of Chicago. 

BEN ASHMORE, B. S. Assistant Professor of 

Commerce and Mathematics; 
Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

B. S., Eastern State Teachers College; graduate work, Univer- 
sity of Kentucky. 

MRS. MARY EDMUNDS BARNHILL, A. B., M. A., LL.B. 

Associate Professor of English 

Diploma, Western Kentucky State Normal School; A. B., Uni- 
versity of Kentucky; M. A., Ohio State University; LL. B., Uni- 
versity of Louisville; additional graduate work, Ohio State Uni- 
versity. 

*G. O. BRYANT, A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Mathematics; 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

Diploma, Western Kentucky State Normal School; A. B., A. M., 

University of Kentucky. 

PEARL L. BUCHANAN, A. B., M. A. Associate Professor of English 

A. B., Southwestern University; graduate student, University 
of Oklahoma and Northwestern University; M. A., George Peabody 
College for Teachers. 

VIRGIL BURNS, A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of History and Government 

Diploma, Western Kentucky State Normal School; student, 
Bowling Green Business University; A. B., University of Kentucky; 
M. A., Teachers College, Columbia University; additional graduate 
work, Columbia University. 



* Retired June 30, 1942. 

** On leave of absence, military 



10 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

MARY KING BURRIER, B. S., ML S. Assistant Professor of Home Economics 

Diploma, Hamilton College; B. S., M. S., University of Ken- 
tucky; graduate work, Columbia University, and University of 
Chicago. 

JANE CAMPBELL, B. Mus., A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Taylor University; A. B., Eastern Indiana State Normal 
School; graduate work, State Teachers College, Indiana, Pa.; A. M., 
Columbia University; Ecole Normale de Musique, Paris; student of 
Nadia Boulanger. 

ASHBY B. CARTER, B. S., M. A. Associate Professor of Agriculture 

Student, University of Richmond, University of Virginia, and 
Virginia Mechanics Institute; B. S., M. A., George Peabody College 
for Teachers; graduate work, Columbia University and University 
of Kentucky. 

MRS. EMMA YOUNG CASE, A. B., M. A. Associate Professor of 

Education; Dean of Women 

Student, University of Kentucky; A. B., Eastern Kentucky State 

Teachers College; M. A., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

ROY B. CLARK, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. Professor of English 

Diploma, Nebraska State Normal School; A. B., University of 
Nebraska; A. M., Ph. D., Columbia University. 

**J. DORLAND COATES, B. S., M. A., Ph. D. Associate Professor of 

Secondary Education; Supervisor of 
Instruction in High Schools 

B. S., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., George 

Peabody College lor Teachers; Ph. D., Colorado State College of 

Education; graduate work, University of Chicago. 

MEREDITH J. COX, B. S., M. A. Professor of Chemistry 

Diploma, Warren Academy; B. S., M. A., George Peabody Col- 
lege for Teachers; additional graduate work, Columbia University, 
University of Wisconsin, and Duke University. 

NOEL B. CUFF, B. S., A. M., Ph. D. Professor of Psychology 

B. S., A. M., Ph. D., George Peabody College for Teachers; 
graduate student, University of Chicago. 

N. G. DENISTON, B. M. T., B. S., M. S. Associate Professor of Industrial Arts 

B. M. T., Valpariso University; student, Stout Institute, Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology; B. S., Bradley Polytechnic Insti- 
tute; graduate work, University of Chicago; M. S., Kansas State 
Teachers College of Pittsburg. 

J. T. DORRIS, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. Professor of History and Government 

A. B., Illinois College; A. M., University of Wisconsin; Ph. D., 
University of Illionis. 



** On leave of absence, military service. 



CATALOG 1943-44 11 

RICHARD A. EDWARDS, A. B., A. M. Professor of Education; 

Director of Training School 

A. B., University of Kentucky; A. M., Columbia University. 

FRED A. ENGLE, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

Student, Cumberland College, University of Chicago; A. B., 
A. M., Ph. D., University of Kentucky. 

LAURA KATHERINE EVANS, B. S„ Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Rural Demonstration School 

B. S., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College, graduate work, 
George Peabody College for Teachers. 

D. THOMAS FERRELL, A. B., M. A., Ph. D. Associate Professor of 

Education 

A. B., A. M., Duke University; M. A., Teachers College, Colum- 
bia University; one quarter, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland; Ph. D., 
George Peabody College for Teachers; graduate work, University of 
Chicago. 

DORD EDWARD FITZ, A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of Art 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; student, Art 
Institute of Chicago; M. A., University of Iowa. 




foAGAN, B. l^L, M. Ms. Assistant ^rofesser of > Music 

:oft§in Sbhool'ttf MusTc>B. M., M>^./U^iver^ty>tf 



MARY FLOYD, A. B., M. A., B. S. in Library Service 

Associate Professor of History; Librarian 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., Teach- 
ers College, Columbia University; graduate work, University of 
Chicago; B. S. in Library Service, Columbia University. 

EDITH G. FORD, B. C. S., A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Commerce 

Diploma, Louisiana State Normal College; B. C. S., Bowling 
Green Business University; A. B., George Washington University; 
A. M., University of Kentucky; student, University of Paris. 

ALLIE FOWLER, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of Art 

B. S., M. A., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

*MAUDE GIBSON Assistant Professor of Art 

Graduate, Lebanon Normal; two years' course in public school 
art, Teachers College, Miami University; student, New York School 
of Applied Design and Teachers College, Columbia University. 

FREDERIC P. GILES, B. Mus., B. A., M. A., Ph. D. Professor of Art 

B. Mus., Southern Methodist University; B. A., North Texas 
State Teachers College; M. A., Ph. D., George Peabody College for 
Teachers. 



* Retired June 30, 1942. 



12 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

ANNA D. GILL, B. C. S., A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of Commerce 

B. C. S., Bowling Green Business University; student, Chicago 
Gregg School, University of Wisconsin, and Western Kentucky 
State Teachers College; A. B., M. A., University of Kentucky; addi- 
tional graduate work, Columbia University. 

**T. HAROLD GLOVER, A. B., M. S., Ph. D. Assistant Professor of Biology 

A. B., Greenville College; M. S., University of Michigan; Ph. D., 
George Peabody College for Teachers. 

PRESLEY M. GRISE, A. B., M. A., Ph. D. Associate Professor of English 

A. B., Western Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., George 
Peabody College for Teachers; Ph. D., University of Kentucky. 

G. M. GUMBERT, B. S., M. S. Assistant Professor of Agriculture 

B. S., M. S., University of Kentucky. 



?RANCIS\HAGER, B. A., 

., m\a., University of 



Assistant Professor o£ Public 
\ Speaking anfi. Dramatics 

.B.^., M.\A., Utoiver^ty of\wiscVnsin; additionVl gr\dual^e \Smrk, 
Cornell University and U^ivers^ty oK_W\isconsiti. 



MAY C. HANSEN, B. S., M. A. Associate Professor of Education 

Diploma, Oshkosh State Teachers College; student, University 
of Chicago and Columbia University; B. S., George Peabody College 
for Teachers; M. A., Teachers College, Columbia University. 

**Gl:ORGE N. HEMBREE, B. C. S., A. B., M. A. Associate Professor of 

Health and Physical Education 

Student, Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College, University 
of Illinois, and George Peabody College for Teachers; B. C. S., 
Bowling Green Business University; A. B., M. A., University of 
Kentucky. 

THOMAS C. HERNDON, B. S., M. A., Ph. D. Professor of Chemistry 

B. S., University of Kentucky; graduate work, University of 
Chicago; M. A., Ph. D., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

GERTRUDE M. HOOD, A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Health and 

Physical Education 

A. B., Ohio Wesleyan University; A. M., Columbia University. 

**MAX HENRY HOUTCHENS, B. S., A. M. Assistant Professor of 

Commerce and Mathematics; 
Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

B. S., Nebraska State Teachers College; A. M., Colorado State 
College of Education. 

CHARLES T. HUGHES, A. B., M. A. Associate Professor of 

Physical Education 

Diploma, Morton-Elliott Junior College; A. B., University of 
Kentucky; M. A., University of Michigan. 

~% % ^ ARNIM DEAN HUMMEL, B. S., M. S., Ph. D. Professor of Physics 

B. S., Knox College; M. S., Ph. D., University of Illinois. 



** On leave of absence, fflgggg aa^Be. 



•s.-Jl 




in 



CATALOG 1943-44 13 

**EMERSON D. JENKINS, A. B., M. A., Ph. D. Associate Professor of 

Mathematics 

A. B., Colgate University; M. A., Ph. D., Ohio State University. 

WILLIAM C. JONES, B. S., A. M., Ph. D. Dean of Faculty; Director of 

Personnel; Professor of Education 

B. S., East Texas State Teachers College; A. M., Colorado State 
Teachers College; Ph. D., George Peabody College for Teachers; 
graduate student, University of Chicago. 

WILLIAM L. KEENE, B. S., M. A. Associate Professor of English 

Diploma, Middle Tennessee State Normal School; B. S., M. A., 
George Peabody College for Teachers; additional graduate work, 
George Peabody College for Teachers. 

CHARLES A. KEITH, B. A., M. A., Ped. D. Professor of History and 

Government; Dean of Men 

Student, University of Arkansas and University of Texas; B. A., 
M. A., Oxford University; Honorary Doctor of Pedagogy, Ohio 
Northern University; additional graduate work, Indiana University. 

L. G. KENNAMER, A. B., B. S., M. A., Ph. D. Professor of Geography 

and Geology 

A. B., Simmons University; student, University of Wisconsin, 
Vanderbilt University, and University of Tennessee; B. S., M. A., 
Ph. D., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

H. H. LaFUZE, A. B., M. S., Ph. D. Associate Professor of Biology 

A. B., DePauw University; M. S., Ph. D., State University of 
Iowa; additional graduate work, Northwestern University. 

CORA LEE, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of English; 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

B. S., George Peabody College for Teachers; M. A., Teachers 
College, Columbia University; additional graduate work, University 
of Chicago. 

MARGARET LINGENFELSER, A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., 
Teachers College, Columbia University; additional graduate work, 
University of Chicago. 

MARY FRANCES McKINNEY, B. S., M. A. Associate Professor of Geography 

Diploma, Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; B. S., 
M. A., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

MELVIN E. MATTOX, B. S., M. A. Professor of Education; Registrar; 

Director of Extension 

Diploma, Mississippi State Normal School; B. S., M. A., George 
Peabody College for Teachers; additional graduate work, George 
Peabody College for Teachers. 



** On leave of absence, military service. 

Frances Marie McPherson, B.V. , M.M. 
Assistant Professor of Music 
Teacher of Piano 




MAIZLISH, DR. I, PAUL, 3.S., M.S., Ph.D. 
Acting Head of Physics Department 

XX ■#■-& WILLIAM J. MOORE, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. Professor of Economics 

Diploma, Eastern Kentucky State Normal School; student, Col- 
lege of Law, University of Kentucky; A. B., A. M., Ph. D., Univer- 
sity of Kentucky. 

MRS. JANET MURBACH, A. B., A. M., Docteur de l'universite' de 

Toulouse, France. Professor of French 

A. B., Oberlin College; student, University of Paris and Univer- 
sity of California; A. M., University of Kentucky; Docteur de 
l'universite' de Toulouse, France. 

MARGARET NEALE, A. B., M. A. Instructor of English, 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., George 
Peabody College for Teachers. 

Baptaihy Field^ArtiUe*^, U. S, Army; 
Assistant Prof eSxpr of\MilitaiK Scienter andxacties 

ersityv 

SMITH PARK, B. S., M. S., Ph. D. Professor of Mathematics 

B. S., M. S., Ph. D., University of Kentucky. 

ELLEN PUGH, A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

A. B., Ohio Wesleyan University; A. M., Ohio State University; 
additional graduate work, Ohio State Universtiy. 

ROME RANKIN, A. B., M. A. Associate Professor of Physical 

Education; Athletic Coach 

Diploma, University of Michigan, School of Physical Education; 
diploma, University of Notre Dame, Coaching School; A. B., 
Waynesburg College; M. A., University of Michigan; student, Mus- 
kingum College; additional graduate work, University of Michigan. 

ALMA REGENSTEIN, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of Home Economics; 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

B. S., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., Uni- 
versity of Kentucky. 

**R. R. RICHARDS, A. B., M. B. A. Assistant Professor of Commerce 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; graduate 
student, University of Kentucky; M. B. A., College of Business 
Administration, Boston University; additional graduate work, 
Boston University; student, College of Law, Boston University, 
University of Southern California. 

***HAROLD RIGBY, B. S. Director of High School Band and Orchestra 

B. S., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; graduate work, 
University of Kentucky. 

-*DEAN W. RUMBOLD, B. S., Ph. D. Professor of Biology 

B. S., University of Buffalo; graduate student, University of 
Wisconsin; Ph. D., Duke University. 



** On leave of absence, military service. 

*** On leave of absence, government service. 



SIMPSON, HARIETTE, A, B., MUS. B., M. A. 

Teacher of Violin 15 

RUBY RUSH, A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of Latin; Supervising 

Teacher, Model High School 

Graduate, Virginia Intermont College; A. B., University of 
Kentucky; A. M., Columbia University. 

TOM C. SAMUELS, Ph. C, B. S., M. S. Assistant Professor of Science; 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School; 
Assistant Athletic Coach 

Ph. C, B. S., University of Michigan; M. S., University of 

Kentucky. 

ANNA A. SCHNIEB, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. Professor of Education 

Diploma, Indiana State Teachers College; student, Indiana Uni- 
versity; A. B., A. M., Columbia University; additional graduate 
work, Columbia University and University of Chicago; Ph. D., 
University of Vienna. 

BLANCHE SAMS SEEVERS, B. Mus., A. B., M. Mus. Assistant Professor 

of Music 

B. Mus., A. B., University of Kansas; M. Mus., Northwestern 
University. 

EVELYN SLATER, B. S., M. S. Assistant Professor of Home Economics 

B. S., M. S., University of Kentucky; additional graduate work, 
Columbia University. 

ELIZABETH MELANIE SORBET, A. B., M. A. Assistant Professor of Commerce 

A. B., Louisiana State Normal College; M. A., George Peabody 

College for Teachers. 

JOHN R. STARlCEY, B. SV ColonelvField Artillery, U. S. Army; 

^v >. >. Professor of "Military Science al Jd TacHcs 

B?X, United States Military Ac&demy; Graduate, FreM AiHiller^ 

School, School of the\Line, Cbmmand^and Gen^l Staff\cho<H. 

**THOMAS STONE, Mus. B. Assistant Professor of Music 

Mus. B., Oberlin College; additional work, La Follette School 

of Music, New York. 

VIRGINIA F. STORY, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

Diploma, Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; B. S., 
M. A., George Peabody College for Teachers. 

BROWN E. TELFORD, B. S. Assistant Professor of Music; 

Teacher of Piano and Organ 

Diploma, Greenbrier College for Women; student, Cincinnati 
Conservatory of Music, New York School of Music and Arts, New 
England Conservatory of Music; B. S., Columbia University. 
MRS. JULIAN TYNG, B. S., M. A. Associate Professor of Education 

Diploma, Eastern Kentucky State Normal School and Teachers 
College; B. S., George Peabody College for Teachers; graduate 
work, George Peabody College for Teachers; M. A., Teachers Col- 
lege, Columbia University. 

JAMES E. VAN PEURSEM, A. B., B. Mus., M. A. Associate Professor of Music 

A. B., Morningside College; B. Mus., Oberlin College; M. A., 
New York University. 



On leave of absence, military service. 



Ethel Slade, B.S. ~ 

Supervising Teacher, Rural Demonstration 

School 



YOUNG, DR. STEFANIE - College Physician 
University Medical School, M.D., Vienna 




SAMUEL WALKER, A. B., A. M. Assistant Professor of History; 

Supervising Teacher, Model High School 

A. B., Maryville College; A. M., University of Kentucky; addi- 
tional graduate work, University of Kentucky. 

***RALPH W. WHALIN, B. S., M. Ed. Associate Professor of Industrial Arts 

B. S., Western Kentucky State Teachers College; M. Ed., Uni- 
versity of Missouri. 

GUY WHr£EHEAD K 

astern 

ELIZABETH WILSON, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

Diploma, Martin College; B. S., M. A., George Peabody College 
for Teachers. 

GERMANIA J. WINGO, B. S., M. A. Assistant Professor of Elementary 

Education; Supervising Teacher, 
Elementary Training School 

Diploma, Virginia State Normal School; diploma in critic work, 
Columbia University; B. S., M. A., Teachers College, Columbia 
University; additional graduate work, University of Colorado. 



LIBRARY STAFF 

MARY FLOYD, A. B., M. A., B. S. in Library Service Librarian 

A. B., Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College; M. A., Teach- 
ers College, Columbia University; graduate student, University of 
Chicago; B. S. in Library Service, Columbia University. 



GREER, MRS. ELIZABETH STONE, A. 3, 
Cataloger in Library 



3.S. 



*FRANCr« MASON, A. B.,\A. B. in Library Science 

\. \ \ \ V \ inNCharge^ Cataloging 

l B., ^asterrX Kentucky State Teachers College; 
Library Sciences, Emory University. 

MRS. GUY WHITEHEAD, B. S., B. S. in Library Science 

Assistant Librarian in Charge of Reference Work 

B. S., B. S. in Library Science, George Peabody College for 
Teachers. 



On leave of absence, government service. 



FACULTY ORGANIZATION 

CHAIRMEN OF DIVISIONS OF INSTRUCTION 

Applied Arts and Sciences William J. Moore 

Agriculture 
Commerce 
Home Economics 
Industrial Arts 
Library Science 

Fine Arts Frederic P. Giles 

Art 
Music 

Biological and Physical Sciences Arnim D. Hummel 

Biology 

Chemistry 

General Science 

Geology 

Physics 1 

Education William C. Jones 

Elementary Education 
Educational Psychology 
Public School Administration 
Secondary Education 
Training Schools 

Health and Physical Education Charles T. Hughes 

Health 

Physical Education 

Languages Roy B. Clark 

English 

French 

German 

Latin 

Spanish 

Mathematics Smith Park 

Military Science and Tactics Col. John R. Starkey 

Social Sciences - Charles A. Keith 

Geography 

Government 

History 

Sociology . ------- 



COMMITTEES 

ALUMNI 

Moore, Adams, Allen, Ashmore, Barksdale, Beckley, Broaddus, 

Case, Chenault, Coates, Evans, Fitz, Floyd, Lingenfelser, 

McKinney, Neale, Regenstein, Richards, Rigby, Story, 

Tyng, Wasson, Whitehead 

ATHLETICS 

Park, Coates, Hughes, Hummel, LaFuze 

CREDITS AND CREDENTIALS 

Mattox, Carter, Clark, Cuff, Gumbert, Herndon, Jones, Park 

ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS 

Moore, Barnhill, Burns, Gill, Jones, McKinney, Mattox, Walker 

EVALUATION 

Cuff, Adams, Beckley, Coates, Cox, Ford, Herndon, Jenkins, 
Keene, Lee, and four students 

EXTENSION 
Carter, Adams, Dorris, Engle, Hembree, Jones, Mattox 

FINE ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT 

Giles, Buchanan, Campbell, Flanagan, Kennamer, Murbach, 

Seevers, Stone, Telford, Tyng, Van Peursem, 

and four students 

GRADUATE INSTRUCTION 

Jones, Clark, Coates, Giles, Hummel, Keith, Kennamer, Moore, 

Park, Schnieb 

GRADUATION 

Kennamer, Case, Hummel, Jenkins, Jones, Keith, Mattox 

LIBRARY 

Floyd, Allen, Dorris, Hager, Herndon, Hood, Jenkins, Jones, Keene, 

LaFuze, Lee, McKinney, Park, Van Peursem, two juniors, 

and two seniors 

PERMANENT PLANNING 

Moore, Burrier, Carter, Clark, Cox, Deniston, Edwards, Hughes, 

Giles, Hummel, Jones, Keith, Kennamer, LaFuze, Mattox, 

Murbach, Park, Van Peursem, and four students 



CATALOG 1943-44 19 

PUBLIC RELATIONS 

Hansen, Allen, Burns, Coates, Deniston, Ford, Keene, Kennamer, 
Lee, Moore, Whalin, and four students 

RURAL EDUCATION 

Ferrell, Case, Dorris, Edwards, Engle, Evans, Hansen, Lingenfelser, 
Regenstein, Story, Tyng, and four students 

SOCIAL 

Case, Burrier, Burns, Cuff, Fowler, Herndon, Hummel, Keith, Lee, 
Tyng, and eight students 

STUDENT GUIDANCE AND PERSONNEL 

Jones, Case, Coates, Cuff, Edwards, Grise, Keith, LaFuze, 

Mattox, Wingo 

STUDENT LOANS, SCHOLARSHIPS, AND FELLOWSHIPS 

Cuff, Brock, Case, Cox, Keith, Rankin, Schnieb 

STUDENT UNION 

Chenault, Ballou, Case, Jones, Mcllvaine, and five students 

STUDENT WELFARE 

O'Donnell, Ford, Jones, Park, Whalin 

TRAINING SCHOOL 

Edwards, Allen, Alvis, Evans, Hansen, Houtehens, LaFuze, 
Lingenfelser, Rush, Story, and four students 

VISUAL EDUCATION 

Gumbert, Dorris, Fitz, Floyd, LaFuze, Mattox, Rumbold, Tyng 



ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

FRED BALLOU, Book Store Manager 

MRS. MARTHA C. BARKSDALE, A. B., Assistant to the 
Business Agent 

**SAM BECKLEY, A. B., Assistant Director of Extension 

MRS. ETHEL BLANTON, Housekeeper 

LOUISE BROADDUS, A. B., Recorder, Registrar's Office 

MRS. KATHERINE CHENAULT, A. B., Hostess, 
Student Union Building 

LOIS COLLEY, Assistant to the Alumni Secretary 

ELVA COMBS, College Nurse 

MRS. BESSIE H. GRIGGS, Information Clerk 

MRS. C. A. KEITH, Housekeeper 

E. P. McCONNELL, Bookkeeper 

EDITH L. McILVAINE, Supervisor of Cafeteria 

KATHRYN McNUTT, Cashier 

KATHERINE MORGAN, Secretary to the President 

MBS. MAR FAWBUSH Q'DONNELL, Sac*ete*y to the Regjs&as 

MRS. HELEN W. PERRY, Assistant to the Director of Personnel 

RUTH RICE, Se&*eia*y to the Bisector <sf ExtensifflN 

MAYE M. WALTZ, Secretary to the Dean 

NQRRINK WASS.SN, B_ S., Assistant in. Csistesia 

EUNICE WINGO, Secretary to the Dean of Women *a 



** On leave of absence, military service. 



f}t^.^1dJ.^Lil 




GENERAL INFORMATION 

ORGANIZATION 

The college is organized on the quarter plan. The school year 
is divided into four quarters of approximately twelve weeks each. 
The regular academic year is divided into three quarters; namely, 
Fall, Winter, Spring. The fourth quarter of the school year is de- 
voted to the summer session. The Summer Quarter is an integral 
part of the school year and is organized to make it possible for 
students to complete the full four-year college course in three 
calendar years, for teachers who desire to secure additional pro- 
fessional training, and for other students who find it convenient to 
attend the summer session. 

AIMS OF THE COLLEGE 

A. The primary aim of Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College 
is to prepare teachers for the schools of Kentucky. In accom- 
plishing this aim the college should develop in the prospective 
teacher: 

1. As a general basis for all good teaching an understanding 
of what is going on in the world and what has gone on in 
the past and the ability to adapt such understanding to 
situations that may arise for him as a member of society. 

2. A number of more or less specialized understandings 
such as: 

a. An understanding of the function of education in a 
democratic society. It may be assumed that the suc- 
cess of a democratic society is dependent upon a wide 
dissemination of such education as will enable its 
citizens to meet situations and solve problems that 
may arise in a changing society. 

b. An understanding of the relation of the individual to 
society in a democratic society. It may be assumed 
that the integrity of character of the individual and 
the inseparability of freedom and responsibility, of 
rights and duties, constitute the very foundation of 
democracy. 

c. An understanding of child behavior at the different 
age periods. 

d. An understanding of the social forces at work upon 
the child. 



22 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

e. An understanding of child health, both physical and 
mental, in the learning process. 

f. An understanding of the influence of the physical and 
mental health of the teacher upon the child. 

g. An understanding of the importance of the teacher's 
patterns of conduct. 

h. An understanding of the function of the arts in the 
education of the teacher. It should be recognized that 
the arts have power to release emotional tensions, and 
thereby promote health, and to develop esthetic in- 
sights and a sensitiveness to beauty and ugliness, 
i. An understanding of the function of the sciences in 
the education of the teacher. Such understanding 
should be of great service in helping him make use of 
the resources of the community and developing open- 
mindedness and an inclination to distinguish between 
belief and proof. 

j. An understanding of the importance of the social de- 
velopment of the teacher. This would include such 
attitudes and abilities as willingness and ability to 
cooperate with one's colleagues, a desire for whole- 
some recreation, and the willingness and ability to 
make use of good English habitual. 

k. An understanding of the importance of the sensitivity 
and adaptability of the teacher to the possibilities of 
the community. 

1. An understanding of the various learning processes 
and the corresponding teaching techniques. 

m. An adequate understanding of the particular area of 
experience or field of subject matter which the stu- 
dent has selected to teach. 

n. An understanding of what constitutes good teaching. 

B. Another aim is to furnish guidance and to provide instruction 
in vocations other than teaching. 

1. The selection of the best students for prospective teachers: 

a. By encouraging such high school graduates to come 
to Eastern as have been recommended by superin- 
tendents and principals. 

b. By selecting from the students enrolled only such as 
possess or may develop good qualities for teachers. 

2. The furnishing of counsel and guidance for vocations to 
the students who do not expect to teach or are not suited 
to teaching. 



CATALOG 1943-44 23 

3. The providing of instruction for those students who are 
not preparing to become teachers. 

a. Basic education approximately the same as for 
teachers. 

b. Preprofessional for medicine, law, engineering, etc. 

c. Vocational studies such as may be pursued in the 
fields of agriculture, commerce, and the practical arts. 

4. The providing of vocational education for adults. 

C. A third aim of Eastern is to make a real contribution to the 
life of the community or area which the college serves: 

1. By preparing only worthy teachers. 

2. By conducting extension courses (either on the campus or 
off), or study centers when requested. 

3. By furnishing expert advice or other assistance at teachers' 
conferences. 

4. By supplying speakers for high school commencements 
and other community activities. 

5. By keeping a personal interest in the graduates and en- 
couraging professional and intellectual growth. 

6. By keeping in close touch with the needs of the teachers 
in the field and by being ready to give assistance to the 
teachers. 

7. By holding on the college campus conferences for the 
further development of leaders. 

8. By supplying to the teachers of the community which the 
college serves library materials and other materials such 
as visual aids. 

GROWTH OF EASTERN KENTUCKY STATE TEACHERS 
COLLEGE 

The year the State of Massachusetts established normal schools 
for the preparation of teachers, Kentucky established a public 
school system. The first Superintendent of Public Instruction of 
Kentucky in his initial report requested the General Assembly for 
"the founding of one or more normal schools for the purpose of 
training the sons of the soil for teaching." Fifteen different state 
superintendents appeared before more than thirty sessions of the 
Legislature making the same plea for a school for teachers. Sixty- 
eight years passed before the General Assembly of 1906 heeded 
this request. The late J. C. W. Beckham, Governor of the State 



24 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

at that time, signed the bill establishing the Eastern Kentucky 
State Normal School on March 21, 1906, and shortly after this a 
commission selected the campus of old Central University at Rich- 
mond as the site of the new school. 

The curriculum has been improved from the short review and 
certificate courses of the first years to a four-year curriculum 
leading to the bachelor of arts or the bachelor of science degree, 
and a one-year graduate curriculum leading to the master of arts 
degree in education. Requirements for college entrance have been 
raised from eighth grade graduation or possession of any kind of 
certificate to graduation from an accredited high school. 

The college has been directed by five presidents: Ruric Nevel 
Roark, 1906-1909; John Grant Crabbe, 1910-1916; Thomas Jackson 
Coates, 1916-1928; Herman Lee Donovan, 1928-1941; W. F. O'Don- 
nell, 1941—. 

LOCATION 

Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College is in Richmond, Madi- 
son County, Kentucky, on the main line of the L. & N. Railway, 
112 miles south of Cincinnati, Ohio; on the Dixie Highway (U. S. 
No. 25), 26 miles southeast of Lexington; on U. S. Highway No. 
227; and on Kentucky Highway No. 52. 

Located in the famous Bluegrass Region of Kentucky, the col- 
lege is surrounded by places of historic and scenic interest. These 
places of interest include: Boonesboro (12 miles), Harrodsburg and 
Shakertown (45 miles), Herrington Lake (35 miles), Cumberland 
Falls (100 miles), Frankfort State Capitol (55 miles), Berea College 
(14 miles), Kentucky Natural Bridge State Park (63 miles), My Old 
Kentucky Home (85 miles), Louisville (100 miles), Lincoln Memo- 
rial (110 miles), the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains (20 
miles), and the famous stock farms in the heart of the Bluegrass 
Region (26 miles). 



THE CAMPUS 

The college plant includes eighteen beautiful and well-equipped 
buildings located on more than 223 acres of bluegrass land, valued 
at approximately $3,250,000. The buildings are as follows: 

University Building 

The University Building, a handsome, four-story brick struct- 
ure, was constructed in 1874 and as a result of excellent repair 
work still stands, serving as well as when it was built more than 
sixty-six years ago. It stands as a landmark on the campus, housing 
a part of the high school division of the Eastern Teachers College 
Training School. 

Roark Building 

Roark Building has recently been completely repaired and 
redecorated. It provides excellent housing facilities for the depart- 
ments of mathematics, chemistry, biology, physics, geography, and 
geology. It was named in honor of Dr. Ruric Nevel Roark, Eastern's 
first president. 

Sullivan Hall 

Sullivan Hall is a dormitory for women and accommodates 
approximately 158 women students. It has been kept in good repair 
throughout the years and is a comfortable and convenient home for 
the girls who choose to live there. 

Power Plant 

The power plant serves as a central heating unit for all the 
buildings on the campus. It provides a uniform supply of heat for 
all parts of the physical plant. 

President's Home 

The substantial two-story brick residence which today serves 
as the president's home was constructed in 1889 as a residence for 
the Chancellor of Central University but did not become the 
property of the college until 1912. It has recently been redecorated 
and is in an excellent state of repair. 

Cottages 

In 1914 the college purchased a group of cottages on the east 
side of the campus which were then collectively called Faculty 



26 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Row. Two of these cottages are still serving the college as residences 
for the college physician and the superintendent of buildings and 
grounds. 

Cammack Building 

The James W. Cammack Building was constructed in 1918 and 
named for a man who was appointed to the first Board of Regents 
for the college in 1906 and who remained on the Board as an 
efficient and faithful servant until his death in 1939. The building is 
designed and used entirely for the elementary grades of the college 
training school. 

Memorial Hall Annex 

Memorial Hall Annex was built in 1920. It has recently been 
remodeled and now provides convenient dormitory accommoda- 
tions for 60 men. 

Burnam Hall 

The first section of Burnam Hall, a dormitory for women, was 
completed in 1920. An addition to this building was constructed in 
1926 and still another section was built in 1940. The entire structure 
provides beautiful, comfortable living quarters for 370 women. It 
is fireproof. Most of the rooms are arranged in suites of two with a 
connecting bath. A few rooms have private baths. Prospective stu- 
dents are invited to inspect rooms in either Burnam Hall or Sullivan 
Hall at their convenience. These buildings are open practically 
every day in the year. 

Crabbe Library 

In 1923 the original section of the John Grant Crabbe Library 
was built. The building was enlarged to its present size in 1935. It 
houses over 60,000 volumes, 4,000 of which are in a special col- 
lection of Kentuckiana, and several hundred periodicals. The John 
Wilson Townsend Collection of Kentuckiana is one of the most ex- 
tensive of its kind in existence. The library was named in honor of 
Eastern's second president, John Grant Crabbe, who served the 
institution from 1909 to 1916. 

Stateland Farm 

New Stateland Farm, containing 148.63 acres, was purchased 
by the college in 1923. This increased the tract of land owned by 
the college to 188.89 acres. As a result of the purchase of three 
additional tracts of adjoining land, New Stateland Farm now in- 
cludes 182.88 acres and the total college-owned acreage is now 
223.8. The farm is used as a laboratory by the department of agri- 
culture. A large portion of the vegetables, fruits, and dairy prod- 



CATALOG 1943-44 27 

ucts from the farm are used in the college cafeteria. The farm is 
the home of one of the finest purebred Holstein dairy herds in the 
country. New Stateland Hall is located on the farm and is used as 
a residence by the farm manager and as a men's dormitory. 

Coates Administration Building 

The Thomas Jackson Coates Administration Building was con- 
structed in 1928 and named in honor of Eastern's third president. 
The offices of the president, dean, registrar, business agent and 
some of the department heads are located in this building. 

Rural Demonstration School 

The Rural Demonstration School was built in 1929. It serves 
as a laboratory in which students who plan to teach in the one- 
room rural schools of the State may get practical experience. 

Hiram Brock Auditorium 

The Hiram Brock Auditorium adjoins the Administration 
Building and might be considered a part of it. It was built in 1930 
and has a seating capacity of 2,000. The auditorium has a stage 
40 feet by 30 feet, equipped with a large number of curtains and 
drops, a modern movie projection room, and a Hammond electric 
organ. The auditorium building also contains ten studios, dressing 
rooms, and three classrooms. 

Weaver Health Building 

The Weaver Health Building, constructed in 1931, is named for 
the late Charles F. Weaver of Ashland, Kentucky, who served on 
the Board of Regents at Eastern from 1920 to 1932. It is one of the 
largest and best equipped buildings on the campus. In it there are 
two gymnasiums, one 110 feet by 90 feet and one 74 feet by 40 
feet, a large variety of physical education apparatus, an official- 
size tile swimming pool equipped with machinery for heating, filter- 
ing, and purifying all water that enters the pool, more than 1,200 
steel lockers for the use of the students, offices of the college 
physician and members of the physical education staff, several 
classrooms, ROTC headquarters, and the bacteriology laboratory. 

Hanger Stadium 

Hanger Stadium was built in 1936. The college received this 
valuable addition to the plant as a gift from students, faculty, and 
friends of the college, supplemented by a PWA grant. This concrete, 
steel, and tile structure has dormitory accommodations for thirty 
men students, offices for coaches, dressing and equipment rooms, 
and showers. The seating capacity is 5,000. 



28 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Beckham Hall, McCreary Hall, Miller Hall 

The new dormitory for men is, strictly speaking, three separate 
buildings: McCreary Hall, Miller Hall, and Beckham Hall. Each 
section provides the very finest dormitory accommodations for 48 
men. Total capacity of the three wings is 144. The rooms are ar- 
ranged in suites of four with one adjoining bath. For each pair of 
such sections, one above the other, there is a private outside en- 
trance. There are no halls except those necessary to connect each 
group of four rooms with the outside entrance and the bath. This 
dormitory was completed in 1939. Prospective students are urged 
to inspect the building at their convenience. It is open every day in 
the week, including Sunday. The new dormitory and the stadium 
and Memorial Hall Annex, already referred to, provide accommo- 
dations for 234 men. Beckham Hall is named for the late J. C. W. 
Beckham, who was governor of Kentucky when Eastern Teachers 
College was founded. McCreary Hall is named for James B. Mc- 
Creary, a Richmond citizen, who twice served the state as chief 
executive. Miller Hall is named for Robert W. Miller, a Madison 
Countian, who introduced in the lower house of the General As- 
sembly a bill establishing Eastern. 

Fitzpatrick Arts Building: 

The Fitzpatrick Arts Building was constructed in 1939 and 
houses three departments of the college: industrial arts, home 
economics, and art. Modern machinery and the latest teaching 
equipment are available to students taking work in any of the 
departments housed in this building. It is named for the Honorable 
H. D. Fitzpatrick who is a member of the Board of Regents of the 
college. 

Home Economics Practice House 

The home economics practice house is a two-story, nine-room 
house which was purchased by the college in 1940 and remodeled 
to provide comfortable and convenient facilities for those students 
in the home economics department who take the laboratory course 
in home management. Here the girls live and work together for 
about twelve weeks, co-operatively preparing their own meals, 
marketing, entertaining their guests, and making a delightful home 
for themselves. 

Johnson Student Union Building- 
Eastern's newest and finest building is the Keen Johnson Stu- 
dent Union Building. This building contains club rooms for students, 
recreation halls, the Little Theater, student post office, bookstore, 
soda fountain and grill, dining halls, the faculty club rooms, and a 
spacious reception room. It was named in honor of Kentucky's 
present governor who has served on the Board of Regents 
since 1936. 



CATALOG 1943-44 29 

ESTIMATED EXPENSES 

The necessary college expenses for one quarter of twelve 
weeks average about $125.00. This estimated amount is based on the 
following itemized statement: 

Incidental Fee $ 22.50 

Board, if all meals are taken in the college cafeteria, 

averages $5.00 per week 60.00 

Board may be more or less than this amount, de- 
pending on the needs of the individual student. 

Room Rent at $1.80 per week 21.00 

Room rent varies from $1.00 to $2.25 per week for 
women and from $1.50 to $2.25 for men. 

Books and Supplies 10.00 

Other Expenses 11.50 

Total $125.00 

The above estimate does not include laundry, clothes, and per- 
sonal spending money. 

Students wishing to take private music lessons must also add 
the music fees to the above estimates in calculating the total ex- 
penses for a quarter. Music fees are listed in the section of this 
catalog dealing with music courses. 

Approximately one half of the expenses due for a quarter must 
be paid at the time of enrollment. The remainder of the amount 
due is paid in two installments. 



FEES 

Incidental.— Student registration fees are as follows: 

Each quarter for Kentucky students $22.50 

Each quarter for out-of-state students 35.00 

Each quarter for students carrying less than 12 hours 

per quarter hour 2.00 

Each quarter for graduate students per quarter hour .... 2.00 

Laboratory. — The fees to be paid for laboratory courses are 
indicated in connection with descriptions of these courses in another 
part of this catalog. Laboratory fees cover the cost of materials 
and laboratory service furnished. 

Locker, Lock, Towel, and Uniform. — Students who use lockers 
in the Weaver Health Building are required to pay a rental of 
$1.50 per quarter for use of locker, combination lock for locker, 
and towel. This fee includes laundry service for towels, bathing 
suits and gymnasium uniforms for the entire quarter. 

Radio. — Students who own radios and use them in the dormi- 
tory rooms are required to pay a fee of $1.00 per quarter to cover 
the cost of operation. 

Laundry and Linen Service. — Students who occupy dormitory 
rooms pay a fee of $1.50 each quarter for laundry and linen 
service. This fee covers the rental charge for sheets and pillow 
cases furnished by the college and provides laundry service for 
them. 

Athletic. — Students who enroll for the fall quarter pay an 
athletic fee of $2.00 for the school year. Students who enter the 
institution at the beginning of the winter quarter pay an athletic 
fee of $1.00. 

Late Registration. — Students who register after the opening 
date of a quarter are required to pay a late registration fee of $2.00. 

Change of Schedule. — A fee of $1.00 will be charged for each 
voluntary change which a student makes in his schedule after it 
has been prepared and approved at the time of registration. 

Graduation. — The graduation fee is $7.50. This fee covers cost 
of diploma, cap and gown rental, and other expenses incidental to 
graduation. 

Special Examination. — Students to whom it is necessary to give 
a special examination after the regular scheduled time for same 
will be charged a fee of 50c. A special examination is defined as 
any examination other than examinations for entrance, course ex- 
aminations, and examinations for advanced standing. 



CATALOG 1943-44 31 

Transcript. — Each student will be given one transcript of his 
work without charge. There will be a fee of $1.00 for each addi- 
tional transcript after the first one has been furnished. 

OPPORTUNITY FOR STUDENT EMPLOYMENT 

A limited number of students may earn a part of their ex- 
penses by doing various kinds of jobs for the college cafeteria, 
book store, post office, dormitories, information office, farm, etc. 
Some students may also secure part-time employment in Richmond 
stores, restaurants, and other business establishments. 

Students are advised not to enter expecting employment of 
this kind unless they have arranged for it in advance. All applica- 
tions for student employment should be addressed to: The Dean, 
Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College, Richmond, Kentucky. 
As a general rule students should enter Eastern prepared to pay 
all their expenses for at least one quarter. 

LOANS, SCHOLARSHIPS, AND SPECIAL AWARDS 

Loans. — The student loan fund of the Eastern Kentucky State 
Teachers College is designed to help worthy students complete 
their education. It has been augmented from time to time by gifts 
from different individuals and organizations and is being increased 
annually. Small loans are available to upper-class students. Those 
having high scholarship records will be given preference in the 
granting of loans. This fund makes it possible for a worthy student 
to borrow a small amount of money on a personal note at legal rate 
of interest. Students who desire further information concerning 
this fund should get in touch with the Chairman of the Student Aid 
Committee. 

William Davis Scholarships. — Under the provisions of the will 
of the late William Davis of Newport, Kentucky, a sum of money 
was left for the benefit of students living in the Lona Estella Davis 
school district of Rowan County, to be used as scholarships at the 
Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College. These scholarships of 
$200.00 each are awarded by the superintendent of Rowan County 
schools and the president of the Eastern Kentucky State Teachers 
College. A student desiring to secure one of these scholarships 
should make application to the superintendent of Rowan County 
Schools. 

Music Scholarships. — The college awards annually three 
scholarships of $54.00 each to those students who make the most 
satisfactory progress in piano, voice, and violin. 

Science Club Medal. — The Science Club presents annually a 
medal to that senior majoring in any of the sciences who has 
achieved the highest standing in science during his college course. 



32 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Regents Medal for Oratory. — The Regents of the college pre- 
sent annually a medal for the best oration given by a college 
student under the direction of the proper authorities. 

Kappa Delta Pi Scholarship Award. — Delta Alpha Chapter of 
Kappa Delta Pi presents annually a medal to the sophomore with 
the highest scholastic standing. A student to be eligible must be 
in good standing in the institution. 

Student Service Award. — An award presented annually by 
members of the young women's and young men's Christian asso- 
ciations to that member of the graduating class who, during his or 
her four years at Eastern, has given the greatest measure of service 
to those with whom he or she has lived and worked. 

LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS 

Students who do not live in dormitories are required to live in 
homes approved by the college. All students not living in their 
own homes, whether rooming in the dormitories, in private homes, 
or rooming houses, are alike subject to the regulations, control, and 
supervision of the college. 

Dormitory Rooms for Women Students. — Eastern has com- 
fortable and convenient dormitory accommodations for 528 stu- 
dents. Practically all dormitory rooms are equipped to provide 
living quarters for two students; however, there are a few corner 
rooms in which three students may live. Each suite of two rooms 
in the central and south sections of Burnam Hall has a private 
bath. Central bathrooms are located on each floor of Sullivan Hall 
and the north section of Burnam Hall. 

Regulations. — Women students are required to occupy dormi- 
tory rooms while rooms are available on the campus. After the 
dormitories are filled, women students may take rooms in private 
homes in Richmond, but should not engage rooms without first 
consulting the Dean of Women. 

All students living in private homes in Richmond are required 
to room in homes approved by the college. 

Rate of Room Rent for Women Students. — The rate of room 
rent varies according to the location, furnishings, equipment, and 
the number of students occupying a room. 

BURNAM HALL— 

Front rooms $2.25 per week per student 

Outside rooms — South section 2.00 

Inside rooms — on court 1.80 

Front rooms — North section 1.50 

All other rooms — North section 1.35 

New addition 2.00 



CATALOG 1943-44 33 

SULLIVAN HALL— 

Front rooms $1.35 to $1.50 per week per student 

All other rooms except fourth 

floor 1.35 " 

Rooms on fourth floor 1.00 » » 

Dormitory Rooms for Men Students. — The dormitories for men 
at Eastern will accommodate 234 students. Most of the rooms 
accommodate two students. There are a few three-student rooms. 

Rate of Room Rent for Men Students. — Room rent varies 
according to the facilities provided. 

MEMORIAL HALL— 

Rent of rooms in this hall ranges from $1.50 to $1.80 per week 
per student. 

BECKHAM HALL, McCREARY HALL, AND MILLER HALL— 
All rooms in these three halls rent for $2.00 per week per stu- 
dent. Janitorial service for any room may be had for 25c 
per week extra. 

Dormitory Room Reservations. — Students desiring to have 
rooms reserved in the dormitories should write for application 
forms. When applying for dormitory reservations, students should 
mention the price of room preferred. 

Applications for room reservations are filed in the order in 
which they are received, and in that order rooms are assigned. 
Rooms can generally be assigned promptly upon receipt of 
applications. 

Room reservations are void unless claimed by 12:30 p. m. of 
the opening day of the quarter and the fee is forfeited. Room 
reservations are not transferable. 

Room Deposit. — When the room assignment is received by the 
student, a room deposit fee of $5.00 must be paid within ten days 
to make the reservation permanent. This fee is retained by the 
college, as a guarantee of the proper care of room and furnishings, 
until the termination of the student's stay in the dormitory, at 
which time the whole, or such part of it as may be due after deduc- 
tion for damage is made, will be refunded to the student. 

Room reservation fees should not be sent until dormitory as- 
signments have been received. A room reservation fee will be 
refunded only when receipt is surrendered not later than ten days 
before the opening of the quarter. 

Off-Campus Rooms for Students. — A number of homes in 
Richmond are equipped to take care of students who are unable to 
secure rooms in the dormitories. A few of these homes have apart- 
ments and facilities for light housekeeping. Furnished and un- 
furnished homes may be rented by married couples or families. 



34 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Students interested in renting off-campus rooms may secure a list 
of those approved by the college by writing to the Assistant Di- 
rector of Extension. 

COLLEGE CAFETERIA 

The cafeteria is operated by the college for the convenience of 
the students. Most of the students, including those who live off 
the campus as well as those who live on the campus, find it to their 
advantage to take their meals in the cafeteria. 

BOOK STORE 

The college book store is located on the ground floor of the 
Student Union Building. It is operated by the college and provides 
books and classroom supplies to students at reasonable prices. 

COLLEGE POST OFFICE 

The college post office provides mail service for all students 
who live in the dormitories. An individual lock box is assigned 
to each person. The post office is located on the ground floor of the 
Student Union Building. Students receiving their mail through 
the college post office should have all mail addressed in the fol- 
lowing manner: Mr. John Smith, Box 231, College Post Office, 
Eastern Teachers College, Richmond, Kentucky. 

Students with off-campus rooms do not receive their mail 
through the college post office. Their mail should be addressed to 
the house in which they are living. 

STUDENT HEALTH SERVICE 

The Department of Health at Eastern, under the direction of a 
full-time physician and a nurse, provide health service for every stu- 
dent. The service includes an annual physical examination for each 
student, medical advice and attention at all times, immunizations 
against contagious diseases, limited hospitalization, and classes in 
first aid, safety, and personal and community hygiene. The health 
program at Eastern emphasizes preventive treatment. No charge 
is made for any of these services to the students. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Athletics. — Eastern has intercollegiate athletic teams in football, 
basketball, baseball, track, tennis, and swimming. These teams par- 
ticipate in a schedule of contests with other college teams each year. 
Eastern is a member of the Kentucky Intercollegiate Athletic Con- 
ference and the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association. All 
official intercollegiate athletic events in which the college partici- 
pates are governed by the rules and regulations of these two organi- 
zations. 



CATALOG 1943-44 35 

Play and Recreation. — Eastern affords its students opportunities 
for play and recreation. Recreational activities are required of all 
freshmen and sophomores. These activities, offered during school 
hours, are varied and seasonal. The aims are to develop regular 
habits of play, physical strength, vigor, and sportsmanship. The 
utilitarian values of participation in such activities are stressed. 
Sports, such as playground baseball, volley ball, soccer, speedball, 
hockey, lacrosse, track, field archery, handball, lower organized 
games and their modifications, are offered. 

Every student has an opportunity to participate in the leisure- 
time activities which are offered in seasonal tournaments. These 
tournaments are organized through the medium of classes, societies, 
and recreational sections. 

The Swimming- Pool. — The swimming pool in the Weaver Health 
Building serves both the college and the training school. Only those 
officially connected with the institution are permitted to use the 
pool. A complete physical examination and a health certificate are 
required for admission. Students who expect to use the pool should 
see the college physician and arrange to take a complete physical 
examination. Regulation cotton bathing suits are required. Ad- 
mission to the pool is strictly according to schedule. 

STUDENT OPvGANIZATIONS 

The student organizations, societies, and clubs at Eastern are 
varied enough in their activities to include the interests of all the 
students. While the membership in them is voluntary, all students 
find it to their advantage to identify themselves with at least one 
of these activities. Students receive in these extra-curricular activ- 
ities a type of training which is impossible for them to get in the 
classroom. The opportunity for social life among the students, 
along with the professional and intellectual interests, is a valuable 
feature of the student activities. 

Student organizations at Eastern include: 

Departmental Clubs. — Agriculture, Alpha Rho Tau (Art), Can- 
terbury Club (English Majors), Cercle Francais (French Majors), 
Elementary Council (Elementary Education), Future Teachers of 
America, Home Economics Club, Iota Alpha Gamma (Industrial 
Arts Club), Mathematics, Physical Education, Science, Sigma Tau 
Pi (Commerce Majors), Social Science, World Affairs (Geography 
and Geology Majors). 

Literary and Dramatic Clubs. — Alpha Zeta Kappa (Public 
Speaking and Debating), Little Theatre Club. 

Musical Organizations. — College Band, College Dance Orchestra, 
Eastino Club (Freshman Girls' Glee Club), Madrigal Club (Upper- 
class Girls' Glee Club), Men's Glee Club, Messiah Chorus, Orchestra. 



36 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Professional Clubs. — Caduceus Club (Medicine, Dentistry), 
Florence Nightingale Club (Nursing), Phalanx Club (ROTC). 

Regional Clubs. — Capital City Club, Corbin Club, Harlan 
County Club, North Central Kentucky Club, Northern Kentucky 
Club, Perry, Leslie and Knott County Club, Upper Cumberland 
Club. 

Religious Organizations. — Baptist Student Union, Catholic Club, 
Christian Youth Fellowship, Young Women's Auxiliary, Young 
Men's Christian Association, Young Women's Christian Association, 
Methodist Youth Fellowship. 

Miscellaneous Organization. — "E" Club (Letter Students in 
Athletics), Kyma Club (Pep Club), Photo Club, 4-H Club. 

Honorary Fraternities. — Alpha Psi Omega (National Honorary 
Dramatic Fraternity), Kappa Delta Pi (Honorary Educational So- 
ciety), Pi Omega Pi (National Commercial Teachers). 

PUBLICATIONS 

The Milestone. — The Milestone is the college annual published 
each year by the representatives of the Senior Class. This publi- 
cation contains photographic and statistical records of all organiza- 
tions and events of the college year. 

The Eastern Progress. — The Eastern Progress is published bi- 
monthly by the students and is the newspaper of the college. 

Eastern Kentucky Review. — This publication is the official re- 
view published by the college. It is edited by the faculty. 

FINE ARTS SERIES 

It is the purpose of Eastern to surround her students with every 
cultural advantage. To this end much time and effort are expended 
to provide programs by the foremost artists. Each student is able 
to attend these concerts at a very small expense. 

CHURCH AFFILIATIONS 

Eastern is a state-supported institution and is, therefore, non- 
denominational, but religious activities among the students are en- 
couraged. Meeting places and faculty supervision are provided 
for such religious organizations as the Baptist Student Union, 
Christian Youth Fellowship, Methodist Youth Fellowship, Y.M.C.A., 
Y.W.C.A., and Catholic Club. Churches of the leading denomina- 
tions are located in Richmond. 

STUDENT GUIDANCE AND PERSONNEL 

The purpose of the personnel program at Eastern is to help 
students solve their personal, social, and academic problems. At 



CATALOG 1943-44 37 

the beginning of the freshman year, the students are divided into 
small groups, and each group is assigned to a faculty member, who 
becomes the counselor and friend of those in his group. During the 
critical months when the students find it difficult to adjust them- 
selves to college life, the faculty advisers have frequent conferences 
with those in their respective groups. Detailed reports on these 
conferences are made to the Dean of the Faculty, who is chairman 
of the Personnel and Guidance Committee. Such reports, together 
with personal data which have been assembled concerning each 
student, form the basis of advice and counsel. The personal data 
include test scores, high school records, family history, health 
records, and other information. 

STUDENT WELFARE 

Eastern is responsible to the State for the character and schol- 
arship of its graduates — those who are to teach in the public schools. 
The institution will, therefore, ask students to withdraw if they are 
found unfit or in any way unworthy to become teachers. 

Only a few rules and regulations are necessary. Students are 
to be ladies and gentlemen under all circumstances. This is the 
chief requirement. Parents may send their boys and girls here with 
the assurance that their safety, their general culture and their 
education will be carefully guarded. 

ASSEMBLY PROGRAMS 

The assembly programs constitute an integral part of the work 
of the institution. Students are required to attend these programs. 

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS 

Graduation from an accredited high schuui with twu majors, 
one of which shall be English, and a minor is required for admis- 
sion to the freshman class. A minimum of three units is required 
for a major and a minimum of two units is required for a minor. 

Applicants for admission who have completed high school work 
at non-accredited secondary schools may be admitted by examina- 
tion in this institution. 

Experienced teachers over twenty-one years of age who are 
unable to meet entrance requirements stated above are admitted 
to such work as they are qualified to take, but no certificate will be 
recommended or degree issued until all requirements, including 
entrance requirements, shall have been met. 

ADVANCED STANDING 

Candidates for advanced standing will be given credit on work 
earned in accredited institutions when the work is officially certified 



38 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

by the Registrar of the institution. The amount of credit allowed 
will depend on the quality of the work and on the extent to which 
it corresponds to the requirements in the curriculum to be followed 
at Eastern. 

Credit will not be allowed on courses carrying a grade below 
"C" unless the student has taken the sequent course and made a 
grade of "C" or better. In no case will the credit allowed exceed 
the number of quality points. 

Students classified as juniors or seniors in this institution who 
wish to take work in other colleges to meet requirements for the 
degree should secure the permission of the Dean or Registrar before 
enrolling for the work. 

HOW COURSES ARE NUMBERED 

Courses are numbered according to the following scheme: 
Courses numbered 10 to 29 are primarily for freshmen and 

sophomores. 
Courses numbered 30 to 49 are primarily for juniors and seniors. 
Courses numbered 50 to 59 are for graduate students. 

GRADING SYSTEM 

Grades are indicated by letters, to each of which is given a cer- 
tain value in "grade points." The following is the interpretation 
placed upon the grading system: 







Grade Points 






per Quarter 


Grade 


Meaning 


Hour 


A 


Excellent 


3 


B 


Good 
Average 


2 


C 


1 


D 


Poor 





F 


Failure 





I 


Incomplete 




Z 


Conditioned 





The grades A, B, C, D, and F, cannot be changed by the in- 
structor. A grade of "D" gives credit toward a certificate or a 
degree if with such credits the student's standing is 1 or more. A 
grade of "I" shall be assigned only upon condition the student 
has been unable to complete the course on time because of un- 
avoidable conditions. A grade of "I" must be made complete 
within one month after the student re-enters the institution. All 
grades of "I" automatically become "F" if not completed at the 
end of a year. The grade of "Z" shall represent a degx-ee of attain- 
ment inferior to that of a "D" and shall not entitle the student 
to any credit but shall promote him to a sequent course in the 



CATALOG 1943-44 39 

same department specified by the instructor or head of the de- 
partment. On completion of this sequent course with a grade of 
"D" or higher, the mark of "Z" shall be changed automatically to 
a grade of "D". 

The standing of a student is defined as the ratio of his total 
number of "grade points" to his total number of quarter hours 
credit. In order for a student to fulfill the requirements for a 
certificate or a degree he must offer a number of "grade points" 
at least as great as the number of quarter hours. 

STUDENT LOAD 

The normal load for a quarter for undergraduate students is 
sixteen quarter hours exclusive of Physical Education 10. The 
minimum load to be classed as a full-time student is twelve quarter 
hours. Students who have established superior records in the 
institution may be permitted to enroll for more than sixteen quarter 
hours provided the approval of the Dean of the college is secured 
at the time of registration. The maximum load, however, shall 
not exceed twenty-one quarter hours exclusive of Physical Educa- 
tion 10. 

STANDARD OF WORK 

For a quarter the minimum standard of achievement which 
enables a student to re-enroll without question in the college is 
eight quarter hours' credit and ten grade points. 

(a) Failure to meet this standard shall automatically exclude 
the student from subsequent registration except in the case of a 
beginning freshman. Snrh freshman may be rpeic+^^rl fnv cnrh 
load as the Registrar may assign provided the load shall not be 
less than 9 quarter hours in a quarter. In each such case of re- 
registration a specific authorization of load shall be entered on 
record by the Registrar. Students admitted under this provision 
are automatically placed on probation for the quarter. Failure 
during the probation period, to meet the minimum standards makes 
the student ineligible for re-enrollment the following quarter except 
as provided in (c). 

(b) The foregoing rule setting forth automatic exclusion 
because of failure to meet the minimum standard may be waived 
by a permanent committee appointed by the President and author- 
ized to exercise such waiver. The committee at its discretion may 
waive the rule and authorize the re-registration of persons with 
credit sufficient to classify them above the freshman year in case 
such persons fail to meet the minimum standard in one quarter. 

(c) The committee at its discretion may permit by waiver 
the re-registration of a person in the freshman year after that 



40 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

person has been re-admitted once and has had a load assigned by 
the Registrar as provided in (a) above and has failed the second 
time to meet the minimum standard. 

WITHDRAWALS 

Occasionally home conditions or some other factor make it 
necessary for students to withdraw. In such cases the student must 
see the President and arrange for the withdrawal. Any student 
who quits school or withdraws without securing the approval of 
the President may not register again unless the President sees fit 
to reinstate him. 

OFFICIAL SCHEDULE CHANGES 

The college reserves the right to cancel a course when the 
registration is not sufficient to warrant its continuance, to divide 
classes if the enrollment is too large for efficient instruction, and 
to change instructors when necessary. Additional courses will be 
organized if the demand is sufficient. 

COMMENCEMENT 

Commencements are held at the close of the academic year 
and at the end of the summer school. Students who are candidates 
for degress are required to participate in the commencement exer- 
cises unless excused by the President. A student who completes 
the requirements for a degree during the fall quarter or during 
the winter quarter will receive the degree immediately following 
the completion of the work and will be regarded as a member of 
thp 0rnrlno+i«0 olass immediately succeedins th© enmplptinn of the 
work. 

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The purpose of the Alumni Association is to promote fellow- 
ship among the ever-increasing number of graduates and to stimu- 
late a mutual interest between the institution and her former 
students. 

All graduates and former students are considered members of 
the Alumni Association. Those who pay dues of $1.00 per year 
are active members. All others are classed as inactive. 

EXTENSION DIVISION 

Through the Extension Division Eastern provides a Bureau of 
Appointments, correspondence courses, extension class instruction, 
lecturers, and various types of public school service. 

Bureau of Appointments. — A placement bureau is maintained 
by the college to assist students and ex-students in obtaining posi- 



CATALOG 1943-44 41 

tions and to aid superintendents, principals, and other public school 
officials to secure the best qualified individuals to fill their vacan- 
cies. No charge is made for this service. 

Correspondence Courses. — Correspondence courses are pre- 
pared and conducted by regular members of the faculty and are, in 
so far as possible, identical with resident courses. For further 
details see Extension Division bulletin or write Director of Exten- 
sion Division for additional information. 

Extension Classes. — Regular members of the faculty conduct 
extension classes in cities and communities where teachers desire 
to pursue work in class groups in practically the same way as they 
would in residence. The cost of extension-class instruction is 
reasonable. For further details see Extension Division bulletin or 
write Director of Extension Division for additional information. 

Restrictions on Extension Work. — A maximum of forty-eight 
hours of the required 192 hours for a Bachelor's degree may be 
earned by extension. One half of the work required for renewal of 
a certificate may be earned by extension. Those who plan to 
teach and take extension work should distribute the work over the 
year. 

Correspondence credit is recorded as having been earned at 
the time of completion of the final test. The above restrictions 
are statewide and apply to all institutions alike. 



THE TRAINING SCHOOL 

The campus laboratory school enrolls about 340 pupils and 
has fourteen supervising teachers. Its organization includes the 
Elementary Training School of six grades located in Cammack 
building, the Model High School of six grades located in the Old 
University building; and the Rural Demonstration School of eight 
grades and one teacher situated near by on the college farm. The 
Richmond City School is affiliated for purposes of providing ex- 
tended facilities in student teaching. 

Children who attend the Training School come from the city 
and county in the surrounding community. The number of pupils 
for each grade is limited to thirty. A fee of eight dollars a year 
is charged in the elementary school and twelve dollars a year in 
high school. The rural school charges no fee. It is operated under 
contract with the Madison County Board of Education. 

The first consideration in the administration of the Training 
School is to make of it a superior school for the children who 
attend it. Its value to the State in the training of teachers depends 
upon the quality of its work and how well the needs of children 
are met. 

Its philosophy and procedures are learned by teachers in train- 
ing through directed observation and supervised practice. This is 
not a frontier school, but its aim is to exemplify progressive trends 
in educational practice, trends which may be accepted as practicable 
by the more alert schools of the State, and which might influence 
many schools. A training school should lean forward constantly 
without losing balance. 

College students in professional courses and in professionalized 
or special methods courses come into the Training School by 
appointment to observe. A limited number of students preparing 
to meet the requirements for a "Provisional Elementary Certifi- 
cate" spend a half day in the school observing and participating 
for a quarter. The school is used to a limited extent for experi- 
mental work in which college students generally participate. 

Student Teaching-. — Supervised student teaching is done in the 
Training School or in affiliated public schools. Students wanting to 
do student teaching are expected to make formal application by 
filling out a special blank form secured from the Director. They 
must have had as much as one quarter of residence work at Eastern, 
and all college credits should be on file in the Registrar's office. 
They must also meet certain standards in general scholarship, 
special academic preparation, use of English, health, personality, 
and professional attitude. All applicants should make arrangements 
for the work before the opening of a term. 



CURRICULA 

Teacher-Education Curricula. — The curricula offered by the 
college have been planned and developed to meet the needs of 
students who desire to become teachers, supervisors, and adminis- 
trators in the public schools. Curricula are offered for the prepara- 
tion of elementary teachers; for teachers of the special subjects 
of agriculture, art, commerce, health and physical education, indus- 
trial arts, music, and vocational home economics; and for the 
preparation of high school teachers in fields of biology, chemistry, 
English, French, geography and geology, history, Latin, mathe- 
matics, and physics. These curricula lead to the professional 
baccalaureate degrees. 

Nonprofessional Curricula. — The college offers a special non- 
professional curriculum in the field of commerce. This curriculum 
provides adequate training in the field of commerce, (accounting, 
general business, and secretarial work) to meet the needs of 
students who desire to enter the field of business. 

A four-year curriculum in general education is also offered. 
Completion of this curriculum entitles the student to receive the 
non-professional baccalaureate degree. 

Pre-Professional Curricula — Pre-Medical, Pre-Law, Pre- 
Engineering, and the like. — The institution offers the courses needed 
by students who are preparing to enter medical schools, colleges 
of law, colleges of engineering, and the like. 

Students who take their pre-professional work at Eastern are 
able to satisfy the entrance requirements of the leading schools of 
medicine, colleges of law, colleges of engineering, and other pro- 
fessional institutions. 



PROGRAM OF STUDIES FOR FRESHMAN 
STUDENTS 

The college offers a wide variety of courses designed to meet 
the needs of first year students. In view of the fact that many 
beginning students have not decided what curriculum to follow, a 
program has been planned to include a considerable amount of 
work in the field of general education, and at the same time afford 
an opportunity for the student to select courses to meet his particu- 
lar needs. 

First year students are required to complete the following 
courses: 

English 10 — Spoken and Written 

Communication I 4 hrs. 

English 11 — Spoken and Written 

Communication II 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 — Library Orientation 1 hr. 

Sociology 10 — College Orientation 1 hr. 

Library Science 10, Library Orientation, and Sociology 10, 
College Orientation, should be completed during the first quarter. 
It is also desirable to complete English 10, Spoken and Written 
Communication I, during the first quarter of the freshman year 
and English 11, Spoken and Written Communication II, during 
the second quarter. First year students are required to take 
Physical Education 10, Fundamental Physical Education Activities, 
during the entire year. 

In addition to the above courses, the student selects other 
work to make a total of approximately sixteen quarter hours for 
each quarter. It is expected that the student will select courses to 
fulfill the requirements for the curriculum he expects to follow. 



DEGREES 

Professional Degrees. — The Eastern Kentucky State Teachers 
College confers three professional degrees; namely, the Bachelor 
of Arts degree, the Bachelor of Science degree, and the Master of 
Arts degree in Education. 

Nonprofessional Degrees. — Nonprofessional degrees of Bach- 
elor of Arts and Bachelor of Science are conferred by the college. 

The Bachelor of Arts degree is conferred upon students who 
major in Art, English, French, Geography and Geology, History, 
Latin, Music, and Social Science. 

The Bachelor of Science degree is conferred upon students 
who major in Agriculture, Biology, Chemistry, Commerce, Elemen- 
tary Education, Health and Physical Education, Home Economics, 
Industrial Arts, Mathematics, Physics, and Science. 

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREES 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is con- 
ferred upon those students who have completed an approved four- 
year curriculum. The minimum amount of credit required for the 
bachelor's degree is one hundred and ninety-two quarter hours of 
college credit exclusive of Physical Education 10. Not more than 
forty-eight quarter hours of the work required for a degree may be 
earned by extension and/or correspondence. A candidate for a 
degree must have been in residence a minimum of thirty-six weeks 
(at least eighteen of which must have been in the senior year) and 
must have earned a minimum of forty-eight quarter hours while in 
residence. 

The curriculum which the student expects to follow for the 
completion of the requirement for the bachelor's degree must be 
filed in the office of the Dean of the college not later than the 
end of the freshman year. In the case of transfer students the 
curriculum must be filed berore the end of the first quarter or term 
of resident work. The curriculum must be approved by the Dean 
of the college and by the major and minor professors. 

A minimum of forty per cent of the quarter hours of credit 
offered in fulfillment of the requirements for the bachelor's degree 
must be of senior college level. 



46 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR PROFESSIONAL DEGREES 
MAJOR IN THE AREA OF COMMERCE 

Departmental Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Government 10, 11 8 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

History 10, 11, 20, 21 16 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Mathematics 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 (6 quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Science 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

Major Requirements: 

Commerce 5, 10, 11, 12, 14a, 14b, 15a, 15b, 16a, 16b, 17, 
23, 27a, 27b, 27c, 27d, 27e, 28, 29, 32, 36a, 36b, 39a, 
39b, 39c, 40, 49a, 49b, 49c 82 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

MAJOR IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

Art 10, 23, 26 10 hrs. 

Education 20, 21, 22, 26, 31, 40, 42, 43, 46 52 hrs. 

English 10, 11, 12, 21a, 21b, 24 24 hrs. 

Geography 10, 22, 32 12 hrs. 

Government 10, 11 8 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

History, 10, 11, 20, 21, 22 20 hrs. 

Industrial Arts 16 2 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Mathematics 26 4 hrs. 

Music 25a, 25b, 27, 34 10 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 (6 quarters), 20 5 hrs. 

Science 10, 11, 12, Biol. 26 16 hrs. 

Sociology 10, 30 5 hrs. 

MAJOR IN THE AREA OF ENGLISH 

Departmental Requirements: 

Foreign Language 8 to 16 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

History 10, 11, 20, 21 16 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (6 quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

Science 10, 11, 12, or Biology 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 



CATALOG 1943-44 47 

Major Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 12, 20, 21a, 21b, 22, 23 or 31, 24, 25 or 46, 
26, 27a, 30a, 30b, 32a or 32b, 34a or 34b, 35a or 35b, 37a 
or 37b, 41, 47, two courses from group: 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 
and electives to make a total of 72 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

MAJOR IN VOCATIONAL HOME ECONOMICS 
Departmental Requirements: 

Art 10, 27 8 hrs. 

Biology 10, 11, 12, 29 16 hrs. 

Chemistry 11, 12, 13, 20 16 hrs. 

Commerce 28 4 hrs. 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 21, 22, 26, 31 12 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (6 quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Physics 10 4 hrs. 

Sociology 10, 30 5 hrs. 

Major Requirements: 

Home Economics 10, 11, 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 30, 33, 35, 36, 
40, 41, 43, 46 52 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 34, 41, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

MAJOR IN THE AREA OF INDUSTRIAL ARTS 

Departmental Requirements: 

Art 10, 26, 6 hours elective 14 hrs. 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 20, 26 6 hrs. 

History 10, 11 8 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Mathematics 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 (6 quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Physics 20, 21, Physics 22 or Chemistry 11 12 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

Major Requirements: 

Industrial Arts 10, 11, 13, 15, 20, 21, 26, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 
46, and 26 hours elective 72 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 



48 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

MAJOR IN THE AREA OF MUSIC 

Departmental Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (six quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

In addition to the requirements listed above a total of forty-two 
quarter hours must be selected from the following fields: fine arts; 
foreign language; health, physical education, and safety; mathe- 
matics; biological science; physical science; social science; voca- 
tional fields. Not fewer than three nor more than four fields are 
to be represented in the required forty-two hours, and not fewer 
than eight quarter hours may be presented in any one of the 
three or four fields. Departmental requirements must be selected 
in fields not used by the student for majors and minors, except 
in the case of English. 

Major Requirements: 

Music 10a, 10b, 10c, 11a, lib, lie, 12a, 12b, 12c, 16a, 16b, 16c, 
18, 27, 28a, 28b, 28c, 29a, 29b, 29c, 34, 37a, 37b, 37c, 
38a, 38b, 38c, 39a, 39b, 39c, 41, 42, 6 hours from the 
following: 21, 22, 23 or 24, 6 hours applied electives, 
and electives in Music to make 72 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

MAJOR IN THE AREA OF SCIENCE 

Departmental Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Mathematics 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 (six quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

In addition to the requirements listed above a total of forty- 
two quarter hours must be selected from the following fields: fine 
arts; foreign language; health, physical education, and safety; 
mathematics; biological science; physical science; social science; 
vocational fields. Not fewer than three nor more than four fields 
are to be represented in the required forty-two hours, and not fewer 
than eight quarter hours may be presented in any one of the three 
or four fields. Departmental requirements must be selected in fields 
not used by the student for majors and minors, except in the case 
of English. 



CATALOG 1943-44 49 

Major Requirements: Group A 

Biology 10, 11, 12, 20, 21, 27, 28, 32 or 48 and 

4 hours elective 36 hrs. 

Chemistry 11, 12, 13 12 hrs. 

Geology 20 4 hrs. 

Physics 20, 21, 22 12 hrs. 

Electives in Biology, Chemistry, Physics 8 hrs. 

Group B 

Chemistry 11, 12, 13, 21, 23, 24, 26, 27 and 

4 hours elective 36 hrs. 

Biology 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Geology 20 4 hrs. 

Physics 20, 21, 22 12 hrs. 

Electives in Biology, Chemistry, Physics 8 hrs. 

Group C 

Physics 20, 21, 22, 30, 34, 40, and 12 hours elective ..36 hrs. 

Biology 10, 11, 12 12 hrs. 

Chemistry 11, 12, 13 12 hrs. 

Geology 20 4 hrs. 

Electives in Biology, Chemistry, Physics 8 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 



MAJOR IN THE AREA OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

Departmental Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (six quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

In addition to the requirements listed above a total of forty- 
two quarter hours must be selected from the following fields: fine 
arts; foreign language; health, physical education, and safety; 
mathematics; biological science; physical science; social science; 
vocational fields. Not fewer than three nor more than four fields 
are to be represented in the required forty-two hours, and not 
fewer than eight quarter hours may be presented in any one of the 
three or four fields. Departmental requirements must be selected 
in fields not used by the student for majors and minors, except in 
the case of English. 



50 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Major Requirements: 

Commerce 28, 29 8 hrs. 

Geography 10, 40, 22 or 32 12 hrs. 

Geology 20 4 hrs. 

Government 10, 11 8 hrs. 

History 10, 11, 20, 21, 22, 30, 31 28 hrs. 

Sociology 10, 30, 31 9 hrs. 

Electives in Commerce, Geography, Government, 

History, Sociology 4 hrs. 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

MAJORS IN THE SUBJECTS OF AGRICULTURE, ART, BIOLOGY, 

CHEMISTRY, ENGLISH, FRENCH, GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY, 

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION, HISTORY, HOME 

ECONOMICS, INDUSTRIAL ARTS, LATIN, MATHEMATICS, 

MUSIC, PHYSICS, SOCIAL SCIENCE 

Major and Minor Requirements: 

A major and two minors or two majors must be completed. A 
major is denned as a minimum of thirty-six quarter hours and a 
minor is defined as a minimum of twenty-four quarter hours. The 
amount of credit for majors and minors is not the same for all 
departments. 

The student must file in the office of the Dean of the college, 
not later than the end of the freshman year, the curriculum to 
be followed in completing the requirements for the degree. The 
curriculum must include minimum departmental requirements as 
follows: 

Departmental Requirements: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b 16 hrs. 

Health 26 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (six quarters), 21 5 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

In addition to the requirements listed above a total of forty- 
two quarter hours must be selected from the following fields: 
fine arts; foreign language; health, physical education, and safety; 
mathematics; biological science; physical science; social science; 
vocational fields. Not fewer than three nor more than four fields 
are to be represented in the required forty-two hours, and not 
fewer than eight quarter hours may be presented in any one of the 
three or four fields. Departmental requirements must be selected 
in fields not used by the student for majors and minors, except in 
the case of English. 



CATALOG 1943-44 51 

Professional Requirements: 

Education 21, 30 or 41, 34 or 44, 36, 46 32 hrs. 

REQUIRED COURSES FOR SUBJECT MAJORS AND MINORS 

Subject 

Agriculture: 

Major— 11, 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 41 
Related courses— Biology 10, 11, 12, 20 
Chemistry 11, 12, 13 
Minor— 11, 12, 20, 22, 30, 31 

Art: 

Major— 10, 11, 20, 22, 23, 26, 30, 31, 33, 36 or 46, 40 or 41 
Minor— 10, 11 or 20, 22, 23, 26, 31, 33, 36 or 46, or 4 hours elective 

Biology: 

Major— 10, 11, 12, 20, 21, 27, 28, 32 or 48, 8 hours elective 

Related courses — Chemistry 11, 12, 13 
Minor — 10, 11, 12, and 12 hours elective 

Chemistry: 

Major— 11, 12, 13, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 34 or 41 

Related courses — Mathematics 10, 11, 12, and Physics 20, 
21, 22 
Minor— 11, 12, 13, 21, 23, 30 

Commerce (Non-professional): 

Major— 5, 10, 11, 12, 14a, 14b, 15a, 15b, 17, 20a, 20b, 23, 28, 
29, 32, 38, 39a, 39b, 39c, 40, 41, 49a, 49b, 49c, and 10 hours 
elective 

English: 

Major— 10, 11, 12 or 23, 21a, 21b, 30a, 30b, 32a or 32b, 36, 37a or 
37b, 47, three courses from the following: 22, 33, 34a or 34b, 
35a or 35b, one course from the following: 42, 43, 44, 45, and 
electives to total 42 hours exclusive of freshman English 
Related courses — Foreign language 8 to 16 hours 
Minor— (Literature) 10, 11, 12 or 23 or 26, 21a, 21b, 30a, 30b, 
four hours from the following: 32a, 32b, 36, 37a, 37b, four 
hours from the following: 22, 33, 34a, 34b, 35a, 35b, one 
course from the following: 42, 43, 44, 45 
(Speech and Dramatics) 10, 11, 12, 21a, 21b, 23, 25 or 46, 
27a, 27b, 31, 32a, 32b or 33, 38a or 38b 

French: 

Minor— 11, 12, 21, 22, 31, 32, 41, 42 

Geography and Geology: 

Major— 10, 22, 32, 33 or 41 or 43, 40, Geog. 20 or Geol. 20, and 

12 hours elective 
Minor— 10, Geog. 20 or Geol. 20, 22 or 32, 40, 8 hours elective 



52 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Health and Physical Education: 

Major— Health 10a, 10b, 20, 26, 32, 36 

Physical Education 11, 25 and 30 or 26, 31, 32, 33, 34, 40 
or 41, 46 

Related courses— Biology 10, 11, 12, 27, 28, Chemistry 11, 
12, 13, and Mathematics 10, 12 

Minor— Health 10a, 10b, 20, 26, 36 

Physical Education 11, 25 and 30 or 26, 33, 34, 40 or 41, 46 

History: 

Major— 10, 11, 20, 21, 22, 30, 31, 8 hours elective 
Minor— 10, 11, 20, 21, 22, 30 or 31. 

Home Economics: 
(Non-Vocational) 

Major— 10, 11, 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 30, 35, 40, 41 

Industrial Arts: 

Major— 10, 11, 13, 15, 20, 21, 26, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 46, 8 hours 
elective 

Related courses — Art 10, 26, 6 hours elective, Mathematics 
10, 11, 12, Physics 20, 21, Chemistry 11 or Physics 22 

Latin: 

Major — The student must offer at least 36 quarter hours. 
Minor — The student must offer at least 24 quarter hours. 

Mathematics: 

Major— 10, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 32, 46, one course from the follow- 
ing: 30, 33, 41, 42 
Related courses — Physics 20, 21, 22 

Minor— 10, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23 

Music: 

Major— 10a, 10b, 10c, 11a, lib, lie, 12a, 12b, 12c, 16a, 16b, 16c, 
18, 20 (three quarters), 4 hours Band, Glee Club, and Or- 
chestra, 27, 28a, 28b, 28c, 29a, 29b, 29c, 34, 37a, 37b, 37c, 
38a, 38b, 38c, 39a, 39b, 39c, 41, 42 

Minor— 18, 27, 29a, 29b, 29c, 34, 41, and electives to make a 
total of 24 hours. 

Physics: 

Major— 20, 21, 22, 30, 31, 34, 40, 41, and four hours elective 
Related courses — Chemistry 11, 12, 13, Mathematics 11, 12, 
13, 21, 22, 23, 32. 

Social Science: 

Major — Government 10, 11 

History 10, 11, 20, 21, 22, 30, 31, and eight hours elective 
Sociology 30 



CATALOG 1943-44 53 

Spanish: 

Minor— 11, 12, 21, 22, 31, 32, 41, 42 

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR NONPROFESSIONAL 
DEGREES 

The college offers a general education curriculum for students 
who are not interested in professional education and for students 
who expect to prepare to enter the professions of medicine, law, 
engineering, and the like. A special curriculum is also offered in 
commerce to meet the needs of those students who desire to prepare 
for careers in the field of business and industry. The non- 
professional curricula do not prepare students to enter the pro- 
fession of teaching. 

CURRICULUM IN GENERAL EDUCATION 

This curriculum is planned to meet the needs of those wishing 
to secure a general education without preparing to teach. The 
work may be planned to meet the requirements for admission to 
professional schools of medicine, dentistry, and law. This curricu- 
lum should be planned and approved by the Dean before the end 
of the freshman year. Education courses cannot be counted toward 
meeting the requirements in this curriculum. 

The Minimum Requirements Are: 

English 10, 11, 21a, 21b, 12 or 23 or 30a and 30b 20 hrs. 

History 10, 11 8 hrs. 

Library Science 10 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 (six quarters) 3 hrs. 

Science (General Science, Biology, Chemistry, or 

Physics) 12 hrs. 

Sociology 10 1 hr. 

Two majors of thirty-six hours each, or an area of 

seventy-two hours 72 hrs. 

Two minors of sixteen hours each 32 hrs. 

Electives 46 hrs. 

Majors and minors may be selected from the following 
departments: 

Agriculture Home Economics 
Art (Non-Vocational) 

Biology Industrial Arts 

Chemistry Latin 

Commerce Mathematics 

French Music 

Geography and Geology Physics 

Health and Physical Science 

Education Social Science 

History Spanish 



REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 

ELEMENTARY CERTIFICATES 

An Elementary Certificate Is Valid for Use in Any 
Elementary School in the State 

Provisional Elementary Certificate. — The provisional elemen- 
tary certificate, valid for three years, shall be issued to a person 
who has completed the two-year curriculum for the training of 
elementary teachers. The provisional elementary certificate may 
be re-issued or renewed after two years of teaching experience 
during the life of the certificate or upon the presentation of one- 
half year (24 quarter hours) of additional work, earned during 
the life of the certificate, selected from the requirements for the 
standard elementary certificate and may be renewed thereafter 
upon the presentation of one-half year (24 quarter hours) of 
additional credit selected from the requirements for the standard 
elementary certificate. 

Suggested Program for Completing the Curriculum for the 
Provisional Elementary Certificate 

FIRST YEAR 

First Quarter 

English 10 — Spoken and Written Communication I, 

or Geography 10, Principles of Geography 4 hrs. 

History 10 — History of Western Civilization, or 

Government 10 — American Government 4 hrs. 

Library Science 10 — Library Orientation 1 hr. 

Physical Education 10 — Fundamental Physical 

Education Activities V2 hr. 

Science 10 — Survey of Science I 4 hrs. 

Sociology 10 — College Orientation 1 hr. 

Elective 2 hrs. 

Second Quarter 

English 10 — Spoken and Written Communication I, or 
English 11 — Spoken and Written Communication 
II 4 hrs. 

History 10 — History of Western Civilization, or 

History 11 — History of Western Civilization 4 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 — Fundamental Physical Educa- 
tion Activities % hr. 



CATALOG 1943-44 55 

Science 11 — Survey of Science II 4 hrs. 

Sociology 14 — Rural Sociology, or 

Art 26 — Public School Art 4 hrs. 



16% hrs. 
Third Quarter 

English 11 — Spoken and Written Communication II, or 

Geography 10 — Principles of Geography 4 hrs. 

History 11 — History of Western Civilization, or 

Government 10 — American Government 4 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 — Fundamental Physical Educa- 
tion Activities % hr. 

Science 12 — Survey of Science III 4 hrs. 

Sociology 14 — Rural Sociology, or 

Art 26— Public School Art 4 hrs. 



16% hrs. 

SECOND YEAR 

First Quarter 

Education 20 — Principles of Teaching 4 hrs. 

Education 21 — Human Development and Psychology.... 4 hrs. 

English 21a — Survey of Literature I, or 

English 24 — Literature for Children 4 hrs. 

Music 25a — Public School Music, or 

Physical Education 20 — Plays and Games for the 
Elementary Grades 2 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 — Fundamental Physical Educa- 
tion Activities % hr. 

Elective 2 hrs. 



16% hrs. 

Second Quarter 

Education 22 — Reading in the Elementary School 4 hrs. 

Education 26 — Directed Observation and Participation 
in the Elementary School, or Mathematics 26 — 
Teachers' Arithmetic, and Health 26 — Public 
Hygiene and Safety 8 hrs. 

English 21a — Survey of Literature I, or 

English 24 — Literature for Children 4 hrs. 

Music 25a — Public School Music, or 

Music 25b — Public School Music 2 hrs. 

Physical Education 10 — Fundamental Physical Educa- 
tion Activities % hr. 

18% hrs. 



56 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Third Quarter 

English 21b — Survey of Literature II 4 hrs. 

Education 26 — Directed Observation and Participation 
in the Elementary School, or Mathematics 26 — 
Teachers' Arithmetic, and Health 26 — Public 
Hygiene and Safety 8 hrs. 

Music 25b — Public School Music, or 

Physical Education 20 — Plays and Games for the 
Elementary Grades 2 hrs. 

Elective 2 hrs. 



16% hrs. 

Standard elementary certificate. — The standard elementary 
certificate, valid for four years, shall be issued to a person who 
completes the four-year curriculum for a major in elementary 
education. This certificate may be re-issued or renewed every four 
years after three years of teaching experience during the life of 
the certificate or upon the presentation of one-half year of standard 
college or university work of graduate grade. The standard ele- 
mentary certificate may be extended for life upon the presentation 
of evidence that the holder has had three years of teaching 
experience in the elementary field during the life of the certificate 
and has completed the requirements for the master's degree in 
a standard college or university. 

HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATES 

A high school certificate is valid for use in any high school 

in the state 

Provisional high school certificate. — The provisional high school 
certificate, valid for four years, shall be issued to a person who is 
a graduate of a standard four-year college or university and who 
has completed the four-year curriculum for the training of high 
school teachers. This certificate may be re-issued or renewed 
every four years after three years of teaching experience during 
the life of the certificate or upon the presentation of one-half year 
of standard college or university work of graduate grade earned 
during the life of the certificate. 

Standard high school certificate. — The standard high school cer- 
tificate, valid for five years, shall be issued to a person who is a 
graduate of a standard four-year college or university and who has 
completed the four-year curriculum for the training of high school 
teachers and who, in addition thereto, has completed the require- 
ments for the master's degree in a standard college or university. 



CATALOG 1943-44 57 

CERTIFICATES IN ADMINISTRATION AND 
SUPERVISION 

Certificates in administration and supervision are valid for use 
in any position of superintendent, principal, supervisor, teacher, 
or attendance officer. 

Provisional certificate in administration and supervision. — The 

provisional certificate in administration and supervision, valid for 
four years, shall be issued to a person who has had at least two 
years of successful teaching experience and who is a graduate of 
a standard four-year college or university and who has com- 
pleted the four-year curriculum for the training of administrators 
and supervisors. The curriculum for the training of administrators 
and supervisors shall include in addition to the requirements for 
the training of elementary or high school teachers the following 
professional courses: 

Administration and Supervision: 

Public School Administration and Supervision 4 hrs. 

Administration and Supervision of the Elementary 

School 4 hrs. 

High School Administration and Supervision 4 hrs. 

Elementary Education 8 hrs. 

Supervised Student Teaching 8 hrs. 

Secondary Education 8 hrs. 

This certificate may be re-issued or renewed every four years 
after three years of experience during the life of the certificate or 
upon the presentation of one-half year of standard college or uni- 
versity work of graduate grade. 

Standard certificate in administration and supervision. — The 

standard certificate in administration and supervision, valid for five 
years, shall be issued to a person who has had at least two years of 
successful teaching experience and who is a graduate of a standard 
four-year college or university and who has completed the four- 
year curriculum for the training of administrators or supervisors, 
and who, in addition thereto, has completed the requirements for 
the master's degree. The standard certificate in administration and 
supervision may be extended for life upon presentation of evidence 
that the holder has had three years of successful experience during 
the life of the certificate. 

ATTENDANCE OFFICER'S CERTIFICATE 

The certificate for attendance officers shall be issued to any 
person who completes a four-year curriculum for a teacher's cer- 
tificate provided such curriculum includes at least four quarter 
hours of pupil accounting. 



THE GRADUATE DIVISION 

PURPOSE 

The Graduate Division offers work leading to the degree of 
Master of Arts in Education. The graduate program is planned to 
meet the needs of teachers, supervisors, and administrators of the 
public schools. The major field in the graduate program is that of 
professional education. Minors are offered in the departments of 
agriculture, art, biology, chemistry, commerce, English, French, 
geography, health and physical education, history, home economics, 
industrial arts, Latin, mathematics, music, physics, and political 
science. Two types of graduate students are recognized: (1) Stu- 
dents who enter and become candidates for the degree of Master of 
Arts in Education; and (2) students who wish to broaden their 
education without reference to a graduate degree. 

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS 

(1) Applicants for admission to the Graduate Division must 
hold a Bachelor's degree from a standard institution and must have 
completed the requirements for a four-year curriculum for the 
education of elementary and/or secondary teachers, as prescribed 
by the Council on Public Higher Education in Kentucky. 

(2) Official credentials should be filed with the Registrar of 
the college before entrance. These credentials should include: (a) 
A complete transcript of high school credits; (b) a complete 
transcript of college or university credits. 

(3) Transferred credits shall not be used to reduce either the 
resident requirements or minimum number of quarter hours re- 
quired. 

(4) Admission to the Graduate Division does not necessarily 
imply admission to candidacy for the degree of Master of Arts in 
Education. 

ADMISSION TO CANDIDACY FOR THE MASTER OF ARTS 
DEGREE IN EDUCATION 

Application for admission to candidacy for the degree of 
Master of Arts in Education should be made to the Dean of the 
college not later than the tenth week prior to the date on which 
the degree is to be conferred. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MASTER OF ARTS DEGREE IN 
EDUCATION 

To complete the work for the degree of Master of Arts in 
Education, the candidate must satisfy the following requirements: 



CATALOG 1943-44 59 

(1) The student must complete thirty-six weeks, or the equiv- 
alent, in residence and earn a minimum of forty-five quarter hours, 
thirty-six of which shall be in regular course work, and write a 
thesis in the major field. Upon the recommendation of the major and 
minor professors, the thesis requirement may be waived provided 
the student completes forty-eight weeks in residence and a mini- 
mum of fifty-four quarter hours of credit. 

(2) At least 50 per cent of all course work must be in courses 
open to graduate students only. The remainder of the work may be 
completed in upper division courses. 

(3) The student shall have an average standing of 2.0 and no 
credit shall be granted for a grade below "C." 

(4) The student must complete a major in the field of educa- 
tion. A major shall require a minimum of eighteen quarter hours 
of course work in addition to a thesis in the major field. The thesis 
should show, among other things, the following characteristics: (a) 
Ability of candidate to work independently on an approved prob- 
lem; (b) a reasonably wide familiarity with the literature of the 
field of specialization; (c) a practical working knowledge of research 
methods; and (d) conclusions justified by supporting data. 

(5) The student must complete a minor. The minor shall be 
determined by the institution in terms of the student's need, pro- 
vided that the minor, or minors, shall be in upper division and/or 
graduate courses. 

(6) The student shall pass both an oral and written examina- 
tion on his major and minor fields. 

(7) The student must present a thesis at least three weeks 
before the degree is to be conferred. The thesis must be approved 
by the major and minor professors and by the Dean of the college 
and must conform to regulations approved by the graduate com- 
mittee for writing theses. Two typewritten copies of the thesis must 
be filed in the college library at least one week before the degree 
is conferred. 

(8) Forma] application for the degree of Master of Arts in 
Education must be filed with the Registrar not later than eight 
weeks before the degree is to be conferred. 

AGRICULTURE 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Agriculture 10. Survey Course in Agriculture Four hours. 

Farm economics; soil conservation; plant improvement; field 
crops; farm animals; farm machinery; farm life. 

Agriculture 11. Farm Poultry. Four hours. 

Breeds; poultry houses; balanced rations; poultry diseases; egg 
production; culling; meat production; parasites; grading and 
marketing poultry produce. 



60 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Agriculture 12. General Horticulture. Four hours. 

The farm garden and orchard small fruits; hot bed and cold 
frame management; vegetable storage; garden planning; seed 
selections; etc. 

Agriculture 20. Farm Crops. Four hours. 

Cereal and forage crops; pasture management; weed control; 
crop rotation; seed testing; inoculation; tillage; tillage tools and 
implements. 

Agriculture 21. Market Milk. Four hours. 

Milk as a food; market milk; milk sanitation; dairy inspection; 
bacteriology of milk; scoring milk and cream; laboratory tests for 
various dairy products; production costs; pasteurization; refrigera- 
tion; etc. 

Agriculture 22. Dairy Cattle Management. Four hours. 

Dairy breeds; judging; feeding; calf raising; pedigrees; produc- 
tion testing; dairy barn construction; equipment; etc. 

Agriculture 23. Farm Shop. Two hours. 

Care and maintenance of farm machinery; farm repairs; solder- 
ing; pipe cutting; farm gates; etc. 

Agriculture 24. Farm Engineering. Four hours. 
Drainage; terracing; farm surveying; farm planning; farm 
buildings; concrete work; farm fences. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Agriculture 30. Soils. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 11 and 12. 

Soil composition; soil conservation; soil microorganisms; 
humus; soil water; soil minerals; lime; commercial fertilizers; soil 
analysis; soil erosion; etc. 

Agriculture 31. Feeds and Feeding. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 11 and 12. 

Origin and composition of livestock feeds; digestion and assimi- 
lation; balanced rations; minerals; feed costs; feeding young 
animals; feeding growing animals; finished feeding; etc. 

Agriculture 32. Farm Management and Organization. 
Two Hours. 

Personal characteristics desirable to successful farming; cost 
of production; living costs; profits; types of farming; soil pro- 
ductivity; livestock problems; farm labor; farm rent; farm equip- 
ment; farm layout. 

Agriculture 33. Farm Accounting. Four hours. 

The fundamental principles of accounting applied to farm ac- 
counts; double entry bookkeeping; financial statements; operating 
statements; inventories; depreciation; production costs; etc. 



CATALOG 1943-44 61 

Agriculture 40. Dairy Bacteriology. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Health 21. 

Microorganisms in dairy products; bacterial control; use of 
starters; sanitary analysis of milk and dairy products; etc. 

Agriculture 41. Agricultural Economics and Marketing. 
Two Hours. 

Livestock markets, local and terminal; auction sales; storage; 
land value; production costs; farm rents; farm loans; etc. 

Practicums: One hour. 

Prerequisite: A course to which the practicum applies. 

ART 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Art 10 Elementary Drawing and Design. Four hours. 

Introductory contact with the nature and practice of art and 
with basic knowledges and skills in drawing, design and color; an 
essential foundation course for the art student, the home economics 
major, and the elementary education major. Media: Pencil, 
tempera, water color, and crayons. 

Art 11. Art Media. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Designed to meet individual needs and abilities in a variety of 
art media; problems in figure drawing and painting; charcoal, pen 
and ink, pastel, water color, tempera, colored chalk, pencil, and oils. 

Art 20. Drawing, Painting, and Composition. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Technical skill and creative ability in the use of charcoal, 
pastel, oils, and water colors; study of still life; out-door sketching; 
figure composition; artistic anatomy. 

Art 21. Drawing and Modeling. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Development of a stronger sense of form through the use of 
clay as a medium. Objects are made by hand, on the potter's wheel, 
and in molds. 

Art 22. Art Appreciation: Orientation. Two hours. 
Interpretation of the visual and space arts for the purpose of 
establishing a basis for judgment and good taste in art expression. 

Art 23. Lettering and Poster Design. Two hours. 

Development of ability to apply art principles in the production 
of hand lettering and effective posters; lettering structure; spacing; 
poster design. 



62 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Art 26. Public School Art. Four hours. 

Lettering, design, color, and construction work in the 
elementary school; art problems based on content essentials; in- 
tegration of art with the subject matter of the general curriculum. 

Art 27. Applied Design. Four hours. 

Craftsmanship in the use of design as applied to functional 
objects: Stenciling, linoleum cuts, leather tooling, book making, 
weaving, enameling, needlework, and soap carving. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Art 30. Drawing and Illustration. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art. 10. 

Creative skill in drawing and illustration of ideas; specific 
study of perspective; pictorial composition; illustration of stories 
and murals in black and white, and in color. 

Art 31. Color and Design. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Technical practice in design; decorative rendering; practice in 
the making of folders; packaging; advertisements; posters; color 
theory. 

Art 33. Art Appreciation: Survey. Four hours. 

A survey of architecture, sculpture, painting and the minor 
arts; art of the Near East; classical art; medieval art; Renaissance 
art; post-Renaissance art; art in the United States; primitive art; 
Oriental art. 

Art 36. Art Education in the Elementary School. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: Art 10 and 26. 

Methods of teaching art education in the elementary school. 

Art 40. Advanced Drawing, Painting, and Design. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 30. 

Advanced practice in drawing, painting, and design; research in 
artist's media. 

Art 41. Advanced Drawing, Painting, and Design. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 30. 

Painting from nature; field trips; studio criticism; creative 
design problems; figure compositions in selected media. 

Art 42. Art Appreciation: Architecture and Sculpture. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 33. 

Achievements in architecture and sculpture of the following 
periods: Prehistoric, preclassical, Greek, Roman, Early Christian, 
Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, post-Renaissance, and 
Modern. 



CATALOG 1943-44 63 

Art 43. Art Appreciation: Painting. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Art 33. 

Great periods and masters of art: Italian, Flemish, German, 
Spanish, Dutch, English, French, and American. 

Art 46. Art Education in the Secondary School. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Methods of teaching art education in the secondary school. 

BIOLOGY 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Biology 10. General Biology I. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Methods of science; characteristics of living things; the cell, the 
unit of life; the physical basis of life; the thallus plant; bacteria; 
liverworts and mosses; ferns and their relatives; alternation of gen- 
erations and its significance; the gymnosperms; the angiosperms; 
roots, stems, and leaves of seed plants; plant physiology; evolution 
in the plant kingdom; economic importance of plants. 

Biology 11. General Biology II. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Biology 10. 

Unicellular animals; sponges; coelenterates; flat worms; round 
worms; segmented worms; arthropods; echinoderms; mollusks; 
chordates. 

Biology 12. General Biology III. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Biology 11. 

Anatomy and physiology of the frog and man; external 
features; skeleton; muscles; body cavity; digestive system; res- 
piratory system; excretory system; metabolism; circulatory system; 
nervous system; sense organs; endocrines; reproduction; embry- 
ology; heredity; evolution; early man. 

Biology 20. Botany I. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Biology 12. 

Cell structure, functions and growth; anatomy, histology, 
general physiology and economics of roots, stems and leaves of 
vascular plants. 

Biology 21. Botany II. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Biology 20. 

Anatomy, histology and general physiology of flowers, fruits, 
and seeds; economic applications of plant science including forestry, 
conservation, agriculture, plant breeding and plant diseases; history 
of botany. 

Biology 26. Nature Study. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Open only to majors in Elementary Education. 

Animal life, including a study of birds, fish, reptiles, mammals 
and insects; plant life, including wild flowers, cultivated flowers, 



66 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Chemistry 12. General Chemistry II. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 11. 

The periodic law; equilibrium; structure of the atom; theory of 
solutions; the nitrogen family; colloids. 

Chemistry 13. General Chemistry III. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 11 and 12. 

Carbon and its compounds; metals and their compounds; elec- 
trochemistry; ceramics; the iron family. 

Chemistry 20. Bio-Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Open only to majors in home economics. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 11, 12, and 13. 

The organic chemistry of foods; the organic chemistry of 
digestion; the organic chemistry of metabolism. 

Chemistry 21. Qualitative Analysis. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 11, 12, and 13. 

Chemistry of the metals; analytical reactions of cations and 
anions; solutions; ionization; equilibrium; oxidation-reduction; 
complex-ion formation. 

Chemistry 22. Advanced Qualitative Analysis. Two hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. 

Analysis of alloys, minerals and other substances; introduction 
to mineralogy and spectroscopy. 

Chemistry 23. Quantitative Analysis, Gravimetric. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. 

Principles and practices of gravimetric analysis of various 
inorganic substances; chemical calculations; equilibrium; solubility 
product principle; theory of precipitation. 

Chemistry 24. Quantitative Analysis, Volumetric. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. 

Principles and practices of volumetric analysis of various 
inorganic substances; acid-base titrations; oxidation-reduction 
titrations; precipitation titrations; theory of acids and bases; theory 
of oxidation and reduction; calculations of volumetric analysis. 

Chemistry 25. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 23 and 24. 

Analysis of ores; potentiometric titrations; colorimetric deter- 
minations; polariscopic determinations; gas analysis; combustion 
train. 



CATALOG 1943-44 67 

Chemistry 26. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 11, 12, and 13. 

The methane series and their derivatives; the ethylene series 
and their derivatives; the acetylene series and their derivatives. 

Chemistry 27. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 26. 

Homocyclic hydrocarbons and their derivatives. 

Chemistry 28. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 26 and 27. 

Heterocyclic compounds and their derivatives; dyes, drugs; 
theory of color. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Chemistry 33. Food Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 30. 

The chemistry of glucids; the chemistry of fats; the chemistry 
of proteids; vitaminology; the energetics of foods. 

Chemistry 34. Biochemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 30 and 33. 

The chemistry of digestion; chemistry of metabolism; blood 
analysis; urine analysis. 

Chemistry 41. Physical Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 23. 

Structure of matter; atomic structure; properties of gases, 
liquids, and solids; solutions; colloidal systems. 

Chemistry 42. Physical Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 41. 

Phase rule; chemical equilibria; reaction rates; electrolytic 
dissociation; electrochemistry; thermochemistry. 

Chemistry 49. Problems in Chemistry. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Senior standing in chemistry. 

Individual investigations in any of the fields of chemistry. 

COMMERCE 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Commerce 5. Penmanship. No credit. 

Characteristics of good handwriting; illustrations of good hand- 
writing; methods of teaching handwriting; practice in developing 
desirable skills in executing legible handwriting. 

Commerce 10. Elementary Accounting. Four hours. 

The accounting equation; the balance sheet; the profit and loss 
statement; books of original entry; theory of debit and credit; the 



68 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

ledger; adjusting and closing entries; the accounting cycle; using 
a minimum of books; controlling accounts; transactions with the 
bank; promissory notes; interest; discount; non-profit organiza- 
tions; personal accounts; budgets; the partnership; the corporation; 
symbol system of classifying accounts; analysis of financial state- 
ments. 

Commerce 11. Principles of Accounting. Four hours. 

Valuation accounts; accrued and deferred items; business 
papers; recording routine; the periodic summary; the character- 
istics of a partnership; relation of partnership to accounting; forma- 
tion of a partnership; division of profits; admission of a new part- 
ner; retirement of a partner; dissolution of a partnership. A lab- 
oratory set of books is kept for the partnership form of business 
organization. Vouchers are provided to make the laboratory work 
as practicable as possible. 

Commerce 12. Principles of Accounting. Four hours. 

Nature and characteristics of the corporation; corporation 
accounts and records; corporate earnings and surplus; corporate 
securities; the voucher system; accounting for manufacturing; de- 
partmental accounting; branch accounting; consolidated statements; 
budgets; taxation; supplementary statements; analysis and inter- 
pretation of financial statements; accounting for management. 
A laboratory set of books is kept for the corporate form of busi- 
ness organization. 

Commerce 14a. Business Mathematics I. Two hours. 

Rapid calculation in the fundamental processes; drawings and 
graphs; percentage; buying and selling merchandise; commercial 
discounts; recording purchases and sales; paying for goods; collect- 
ing bills; accounts; fractions; aliquot parts; decimal fractions; pay 
rolls; interest. 

Commerce 14b. Business Mathematics II. Two hours. 

Installment buying; bank discount; partial payments; profit 
and loss; commission and brokerage; marked price; taxes; insur- 
ance; stocks; bonds; civil service problems. 

Commerce 15a. Beginning Typewriting. Two hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Correct writing technique; knowledge and care of the machine; 
personal typing problems. 

Commerce 15b. Intermediate Typewriting. Two hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Commerce 15a or its equivalent. 

Speed and accuracy drills; business letters; use of carbon 
paper; tabulating; term papers and notebooks; stencils. 



CATALOG 1943-44 69 

Commerce 16a. Office Practice. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Commerce 15b or its equivalent. 
Speed building; business papers; rough drafts; manuscripts; 
reports; use of office machines. 

Commerce 16b. Office Practice. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Continuation of Commerce 16a. 

Commerce 17. Economic History of Europe. Four hours. 

The history of the development of agriculture, commerce, 
transportation, industry, labor legislation, socialism, social insur- 
ance, population and population trends, and finance in the principal 
European nations. 

Commerce 20a. Principles of Accounting — Advanced. Four 
hours. 

The accounting process illustrated; statements from incom- 
plete data; cash and receivables; inventories; investments; fixed 
assets; intangible assets and deferred charges; liabilities; capital 
stock; surplus; installment sales; errors and their correction; state- 
ment of application of funds; analysis of financial statements. No 
set will be worked. 

Commerce 20b. Principles of Accounting — Advanced. Four 
hours. 

Partnership formation and operation; partnership dissolution 
and liquidation; joint ventures; consignments; agency and branch 
accounts; corporate combination and the consolidated balance 
sheet; consolidated statement of profit and loss; the statement of 
affairs; receivership accounts and statements; accounting for 
estates and trusts; actuarial science. No set will be worked. 

Commerce 23. Business English. Four hours. 
Editing and writing of business letters and reports. 

Commerce 27a. Beginning Shorthand. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Commerce 15a or its equivalent. 
Principles of Gregg shorthand taught by modified functional 
method; dictation and transcription. 

Commerce 27b. Intermediate Shorthand. Four hours. 
Continuation of Commerce 27a. 

Commerce 27c. Advanced Shorthand. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Commerce 23. 

Continuation of 27b. Introduction to transcription of shorthand 
notes on the typewriter. 

Commerce 27d. Dictation and Transcription. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Commerce 27c. 

Building shorthand vocabulary; dictation and transcription; 
filing. 



70 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Commerce 27e. Secretarial Practice. Four hours. 
Dictation and transcription; study of secretarial traits and 
duties; office experience. 

Commerce 28. Principles of Economics. Four hours. 

Industry and economics; production and related concepts; 
specialization; competition; cooperation; the time-consuming pro- 
duction process; combining the agents of production; the organiza- 
tion of the business enterprise; risk in industry; the monetary 
system; the banking system; the fluctuating price level; monetary 
aspects of economic balance; the business cycle. 

Commerce 29. Value and Distribution. Four hours. 

Individual prices; the background of demand and supply; 
prices under pure and monopolistic competition; interrelated prices 
and the price system; the mechanism of international trade; the 
economy of international trade; the share of income; the wages of 
labor; interest; income from land; the profits of the business 
enterprises. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Commerce 30, Cost Accounting. Four hours. 

Profit; surplus; dividend; classification of costs; process and 
specific order; use of cost records; perpetual inventories; materials; 
labor costs; manufacturing expenses; distribution of service de- 
partment costs; distribution of manufacturing expense of produc- 
tion; the cost to make and sell; estimating cost systems; establish- 
ment of standard costs; the use of standard costs; some legal phases 
of cost accounting. A set of books dealing with cost accounting 
will be kept. 

Commerce 31. Income Tax Accounting. Four hours. 

Income tax legislation — Federal and State; returns for indi- 
viduals; exempt income of individuals; deductions allowed indi- 
viduals; computation of individual taxes; returns for corporations; 
accounting procedure; administrative procedure; the capital stock 
tax; the excess profits tax; the estate tax; the gift tax; excise taxes. 
Students will have experience filling out income tax return forms. 

Commerce 32. Business Organization. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Commerce 28. 

Classes of business organization, their evolution, and the tests 
of efficiency; individual entrepreneur organization; partnership; 
corporation; joint-stock company; business trusts; simple agree- 
ments and price combinations; pools; combination trusts; com- 
munity-of -interest organization; holding company; amalgamations; 
mergers; promotion; underwriting; stock exchanges; reorganiza- 
tions and receiverships; legislation. 



CATALOG 1943-44 71 

Commerce 33. American Economic History. Four hours. 

Historical development of commerce, industry, transportation, 
banking, labor problems, business organization, monetary prob- 
lems, and agriculture in the United States. 

Commerce 34. Mathematics of Finance. Four hours. 

Bank discount; true discount and present value; exact interest; 
logarithms; equation of accounts; domestic and foreign exchange; 
series annuities; bond valuation; business graphs; cumulative an- 
nuities; cumulative sinking funds; cumulative amortization plans; 
building and loan association calculations; industrial loans. 

Commerce 35. Salesmanship. Four hours. 

The art of selling; the motive behind all buying; the customer's 
mental journey; attitudes of buyer and salesman; preparation of 
the selling talk; the pre-approach; the interview; arousing in- 
terest; creating desire; answering objections; meeting excuses; 
diplomacy of the close; types of customers. 

Commerce 36a. Methods of Teaching Stenography. Four 
hours. 

This course is a prerequisite to student teaching in commerce. 

Survey of modern methods of teaching Gregg shorthand, type- 
writing, and secretarial practice; psychology of skill development; 
lesson planning and presentation; observation of classroom pro- 
cedures; supplies and equipment; development of skill in writing 
shorthand on the blackboard. 

Commerce 36b. Methods of Teaching Bookkeeping, Account- 
ing, and General Business. Four hours. 

This course is a prerequisite to student teaching in commerce. 

Objectives in giving bookkeeping, accounting, and general 
business courses; textbooks suitable for use; supplementary ma- 
terial; methods of approach; how to teach certain phases of our 
financial life; communication; travel and transportation; buying 
and selling; the work at the end of a fiscal period for bookkeepers 
and accountants, including accrued and deferred items, adjusting 
entries, working sheets, financial statements, closing entries; suit- 
able examinations. 

Commerce 37. Advertising. Four hours. 

The specific purpose of advertising; developing the copy; slo- 
gans; trademarks; layouts; engraving; scheduling of advertisements 
in newspapers and magazines; direct mail advertising; outdoor ad- 
vertising; dealer display advertising; economic aspects of advertis- 
ing; federal laws affecting advertising. 

Commerce 38. Money and Banking. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Commerce 28. 

Nature and functions of money; kinds of money; monetary 
systems; history of banking; functions of the bank; bank adminis- 
tration; the national banking system; deposits and depositors; the 



72 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

clearing house; domestic and foreign exchange; loans and dis- 
counts; bank supervision; savings banks; trust companies; foreign 
banking systems; the federal reserve system. 

Commerce 39a. Contemporary Social and Economic Prob- 
lems. One hour. 

Required of all juniors majoring in commerce. 

Commerce 39b. Contemporary Social and Economic Problems. 
One hour. 

A continuation of Commerce 39a. Required of all juniors 
majoring in commerce. 

Commerce 39c. Contemporary Social and Economic Prob- 
lems. One hour. 

A continuation of Commerce 39b. Required of all juniors 
majoring in commerce. 

Commerce 40. Business Law. Four hours. 
Law in general; kinds of law; persons; torts; contracts; agency; 
personal property; real property. 

Commerce 41. Business Law. Four hours. 

Market transactions; bailments; sales contracts to sell; prac- 
tices prejudicial to a competitor; practices prejudicial to the public; 
legislative regulation of market practice; bills, notes, and checks; 
stocks and bonds; liens and mortgages; bills of lading and ware- 
house receipts; contracts of guaranty and suretyship; powers of 
creditors; privileges of debtors. 

Commerce 42. Public Finance and Taxation I. Two hours. 

Distribution of government burdens; the general property tax; 
modified property tax; shifting and incidence of taxation; the in- 
come tax; death and gift taxes; special problems of taxation. 

Commerce 43. Public Finance and Taxation II. Four hours. 

A continuation of Commerce 42. 

Taxes upon business; taxes upon consumption; motor vehicle 
taxes; the poll tax; social security taxes; the taxation of natural 
resources; non-tax revenues; the power of tax; tax limitations; 
inter-governmental relations in taxation; expenditures; state and 
federal aid; economy in expenditures; problems of public borrow- 
ing; fiscal administration. 

Commerce 44. Investments. Four hours. 

The importance of capital in present-day economic society; 
classification of securities; analyses of securities; possibilities of 
investment in different classes of securities; financial institutions; 
the mechanics of investments; the effect of taxation on investment 
policies; investment and the business cycle; business forecasting; 
the determination of an investment policy. 



CATALOG 1943-44 73 

Commerce 45. Marketing. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Commerce 28. 

Consumer's buying motives; marketing functions and institu- 
tions; selling direct to consumer; earlier and simpler types of retail 
in institutions, department stores, mail-order houses, chain stores, 
agricultural wholesale markets; middlemen of the city agricul- 
tural markets; classes and types of wholesalers; raw materials; 
cooperative marketing; speculation; prices and some price policies; 
brands and brand policies; ethical aspects of marketing. 

Commerce 46. Accounting Problems. Two hours. 

This is an advanced course in accounting and the contents will 
be determined to some extent by the needs of the students register- 
ing for it. Time will be devoted to accounting systems, municipal 
accounting, and certain phases of recent legislation affecting 
accounting. 

Commerce 47. Auditing. Four hours. 

Preliminary arrangements for an audit; general procedure of 
an audit; the original records; the asset accounts; the liability ac- 
counts; operating accounts; the audit report. An auditing problem 
is worked to illustrate the principles discussed in class. 

Commerce 49a. Seminar. One hour. 

Required of all seniors majoring in commerce. 

Commerce 49b. Seminar. One hour. 

Required of all seniors majoring in commerce. 

Commerce 49c. Seminar. One hour. 

Required of all seniors majoring in commerce. 

EDUCATION 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Education 20. Principles of Teaching. Four Hours. 

Meaning of education; meaning and function of the school; 
meaning and evidences of learning; purposeful activities; selection 
and organization of subject matter; various types of class pro- 
cedure; making assignments; standards for judging teaching. 

Education 21. Human Development and Psychology. Four 
hours. 

Survey of human development and psychology; heredity and 
early development; environmental factors in development; the 
human organism as an energy system; interests, attitudes, and 
values; emotional development; personality and adjustments of 
the individual; growth and its implications; social relationships and 
acculturation; intelligence and other aptitudes; the nature of learn- 
ing; guidance in learning; transfer of training; thinking, reasoning, 



74 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

and creative activity; aesthetic experience; evaluation of learning; 
records of development and ways of influencing or guiding in- 
dividuals. 

Education 22. Reading in the Elementary School. Four hours. 

Objectives of reading in the elementary school; reading in the 
primary and intermediate grades; the place of oral reading in the 
grades; individual differences; word difficulties; phonics; measuring 
reading instruction; motivation; materials of instruction. 

Education 26. Directed Observation and Participation in the 
Elementary School. Eight hours. 

Observation and participation; problems of lesson planning; 
daily program; school organization and equipment; class organiza- 
tion; the course of study; curriculum activities; teaching techniques; 
school sanitation; discipline; playground supervision; community 
co-operation. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Education 30. The Junior High School. Two hours. 

Origin, development, and present status of the junior high 
school movement; the place of the junior high school in the public 
school system; the aims, purposes, and objectives of the junior high 
school; evaluation of types of programs; the junior high school 
plant; library, apparatus, and equipment of the junior high school. 

Education 31. Child development and Psychology. Four hours. 

Development before birth; the organism as a dynamic system; 
the organization of behavior; fundamental training and habits in 
early childhood; physical growth, motor development, and accept- 
ing one's self; diseases of children and their psychological implica- 
tions; the child in the home and family relationships; the child 
and his school; peer-culture and class-status effects on the behavior 
of children; language development; emotional development; be- 
havior difficulties and personality patterns; mental development 
in children; learning and aesthetic experience; interests of children 
— play, graphic and musical expression, reading, radio, and the 
movies; techniques of studying child development and of in- 
fluencing behavior. 

Education 32. Pupil Accounting. Four hours. 

Relation of attendance to pupil progress; social and economic 
factors which affect attendance; school census; personal records. 
In developing these topics a study will be made of personnel work 
in typical schools of Kentucky. 

Education 34. Adolescent Development and Psychology. Four 
hours. 

Physical development; mental development; growth of intel- 
ligence; adolescent interests; emotional life; learning and forgetting; 



CATALOG 1943-44 75 

moral and religious development; adolescent personality; disturb- 
ances of personality; hygiene of adolescence; prediction of adoles- 
cent behavior; guidance of adolescent behavior. 

Education 36. Fundamentals of Secondary School Methods. 
Six hours. 

Graduated approach to responsible room teaching through 
experiences in study and discussion, organizing materials, directed 
observation, laboratory work, and gradual participation; develop- 
ment of the American secondary school; experiences in the study 
of pupil behavior; selection and organization of curriculum experi- 
ences; variation in techniques of teaching in different types of 
learning; learning objectives, interests, methods, and materials in 
special fields; experiences involving management and co-curricular 
duties; experiences in human relationship. 

Education 40. Measurement and Evaluation in the Elementary 
School. Four hours. 

Growth of measurement and evaluation; types of tests and 
evaluative procedures; test construction; selecting, giving, scoring, 
and interpreting tests; tests of intelligence and of special aptitudes; 
measurement and evaluation in arithmetic, language, spelling, 
handwriting, the social sciences, art and music, miscellaneous areas, 
and general achievements; uses of tests and evaluative techniques. 

Education 41. Measurement and Evaluation in the Secondary 
School. Two hours. 

Growth of measurement and evaluation; types of tests and 
evaluative procedures; test construction; selecting, giving, scoring, 
and interpreting tests; tests of intelligence and of special aptitudes; 
measurement and evaluation in language, mathematics, science, 
social studies, special subjects, general achievement, and person- 
ality adjustment; uses of tests and evaluative techniques. 

Education 42. Administration and Supervision of the Ele- 
mentary School. Four hours. 

Aims and objectives of the elementary school; types of ele- 
mentary school organization; time allotments; attendance; library 
service; classification and promotion of pupils; health; publicity; 
special classes; plant; office management; organization for super- 
vision; the principal and his opportunity for leadership. 

Education 43. The Elementary School Curriculum. Four hours. 

Objectives of education in light of society; function of the 
school; function of the curriculum; the curriculum as related to the 
objectives of education and to society; criteria for evaluating curric- 
ula; need and procedure for curriculum revision and construction. 

Education 44. Principles of Secondary Education. Four hours. 

Growth and background of American secondary school; vari- 
ability and selection of the pupil; aims and functions of secondary 



76 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

education; relation to elementary and higher education; forms of 
organization; comparison between European and American second- 
ary schools; the rural school; vocational education; trends and 
methods of curriculum construction; the secondary school offerings; 
extracurricular activities; guidance and community relationship; 
vision of secondary education. 

Education 45. High School Administration and Supervision. 
Four hours. 

Scope and function of administration; administration of the 
program of studies; the vocational program; the health program; 
the extracurriculum; the guidance program; the program for in- 
dividual differences; schedule of classes; personnel and organization; 
buildings and grounds; equipment and supplies; office standards, 
procedures, and forms; the school and the community. 

Education 46. Supervised Student Teaching. Sixteen hours. 

Observation, participation, and responsible room teaching; 
child study with special case study problems and remedial work; 
development of skills and techniques desirable for good school 
procedure; the location, collection, and organization of materials 
for instruction; study of community occupations, resources, social 
and economic problems; experience in meeting parents, visiting 
homes, participation in social programs of school and community; 
experience in directing various kinds of activities including routine 
school duties, field trips, and extracurricular program; acquaintance 
with the school organization, school policies, system of records and 
the like; learning how to maintain desirable pupil-teacher relation- 
ship. 

Education 47. Public School Administration and Supervision. 
Four hours. 

Development of school administration and supervision; school 
organization and control; functions of administration and super- 
vision; powers, duties, responsibilites, and legal status of the 
superintendent, the supervisor, and other school officials; the board 
of education and its work; office administration and management; 
personnel problems and relationships; the school plant; business 
administration of schools, problems of pupil transportation; pupil 
accounting; health, physical education, and safety education; ad- 
ministration of textbooks; school libraries; public relations; records 
and reports; student activities; organization of the supervisory pro- 
gram; planning and executing programs for the improvement of 
teaching; measurement and evaluation of teaching; curriculum prob- 
lems; class room visitation; conferences with teachers; professional 
reading; supervisory bulletins; professional organizations; in-service 
education program, and other agencies and problems connected 
with the administration and supervision of elementary education. 



CATALOG 1943-44 77 

GRADUATE DIVISION COURSES 

Education 50a. School Administration I. Two hours. 

The state as a fundamental school unit; local units for school 
control; federal relations to education; duties and powers of the 
school board; duties and powers of the superintendent; the 
administration of teacher personnel. 

Education 50b. School Administration II. Two hours. 

The school census; attendance; pupil accounting; records and 
reports; business administration; preparation and administration 
of the budget; cost accounting; fiscal control; indebtedness; short 
term borrowing; bonds; general school law; public relations; school 
publicity. 

Education 50c. School Administration III. Two hours. 

Selection of school sites; building plans and designs; school 
building management; maintenance and operation of school plants; 
purchase and use of school supplies; organization of school libraries; 
auxiliary agencies. 

Education 51a. The Improvement of Instruction in the Ele- 
mentary School. Two hours. 

Current problems of instruction; recent trends in instruction; 
methods for improving instruction in the social studies, practical 
arts, health education, and other subjects included in the element- 
ary school. 

Education 51b. Elementary School Supervision. Two hours. 

Problems of supervision; current practices in supervision; 
problems of organizing instruction to meet increasing responsi- 
bilities of the school; development of concrete educational problems 
of members of the group. 

Education 51c. Curriculum Problems of the Elementary 
School. Two hours. 

Functions of education; criteria for objectives, selection, or- 
ganization, and measurement of curricula materials; elements for 
curriculum analysis; curriculum materials; principles of curriculum 
construction. 

Education 52. Human Development and the Psychology of 
Learning. Two hours. 

Developmental factors and individual differences; motives, 
goals, and purposes; arranging the learning situation; problem solv- 
ing and creative expressions; acquiring skill and information; trans- 
fer; the curriculum; social setting for learning; measurement and 
evaluation of development and learning. 

Education 53. Visual Aids in Education. Two hours. 
Meaning of audio-visual aids; needs for visual aids; philosophy 
and content of audio-visual education; objects; models; exhibits; 



78 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

museum materials; motion pictures; instructional films; graphic 
materials. 

Education 54a. Personality Development and Adjustment. Two 
hours. 

Foundations of personality; human development and person- 
ality; the home and personality; the school and personality; the 
social order and personality; frustration and aggression; conflicts 
and other maladjustments; the analysis and personality; improving 
personality; educational implications of the psychology of person- 
ality; a case history illustrating the foreging topics. 

Education 54b. Mental Hygiene. Two hours. 

Development of mental hygiene; origins of behavior; varieties 
of maladjustments; techniques of mental hygiene; and applications 
of positive mental hygiene. 

Education 55a. History of Education. Two hours. 

Brief survey of the history of education in ancient and medieval 
times with special reference to the contribution of Greece and 
Rome and Christianity to modern education; educational influences 
of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation; the role of the 
doctrine of formal discipline; education influences of Comenius, 
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel, and Herbart. 

Education 55b. History of Education in the United States. Two 
hours. 

Rise and development of public education in the United States 
with emphasis upon the work of Horace Mann, Henry Barnard, and 
James G. Carter; sociological, psychological, and scientific move- 
ments in education; desirable educational reorganizations; brief 
study of the history and development of public education in Ken- 
tucky. 

Education 56. Applied Statistical Methods. Two hours. 

Need for statistical methods; frequency distributions; class in- 
tervals; measures of central tendency; measures of variability; 
comparison of groups; graphic methods; measures of relative posi- 
tion; normal probability curve; reliability of measures of central 
tendency and variability; calculating machines; simple correlation; 
interpretation of statistical data. 

Education 57. Educational Sociology. Two hours. 

Relation of sociology to education; sociological problems and 
their educational implications; the nature of society; social groups, 
their classification, and functions; problems of the home; social 
values of play and recreation; educational implications of neighbor- 
hood and community; isolation, contact, and social interaction; social 
forces and their significance in society; problems of the church in a 
changing civilization; the state, democracy, and education; social 
evolution of the modern school; social and educational surveys; the 
sociological determination of educational objectives; the selection 



CATALOG 1943-44 79 

of materials of instruction; social elements and values in the cur- 
riculum; sociological implications for vocational education and 
educational guidance; socialization of pupil control and school 
morale; socialized methods of teaching; socialization of school ad- 
ministration and supervision; essential elements of a socialized 
educational program. 

Education 58a. High School Administration. Two hours. 

Secondary school organization; the principal; the staff; the 
pupils; program of students; schedules; community relationships; 
records and reports; articulation; library; plant; finance; other high 
school problems. 

Education 58b. Curriculum Problems of the Secondary School. 
Two hours. 

Aims of the public secondary school; local materials of educa- 
tional values; use of textbooks; plans for evaluating curriculum 
procedures; methods of making the high school a more effective 
agency. 

Education 58c. The Improvement of Instruction in the Second- 
ary School. Two hours. 

Qualities of good teaching; techniques of improving instruc- 
tion; procedures for evaluating classroom teaching; the place of 
extracurricular activities in the school program; responsibilities of 
the school with respect to the community. 

Education 59a, b, c. Seminar. One or two hours. 

ENGLISH 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

English 10. Spoken and Written Communication I. Four hours. 

Practice in organizing and presenting, both in speaking and in 
writing, material from the student's experience and observation 
and from his reading and study; review where necessary of the 
mechanics of expression, such as grammar, spelling, diction, punctu- 
ation, and sentence structure. 

English 11. Spoken and Written Communication II. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: English 10. 

Continued practice in organizing and presenting material as 
written and spoken compositions; preparation of at least one long 
talk based on reading and one long investigative paper which em- 
ploys the elementary principles of research; acceptable usage in 
writing and speaking. 

English 12. Fundamentals of Speech. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: English 10. 

Corrective work for posture and movement; applied science of 
voice production; characteristics of a pleasing voice; individual 



80 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

diagnosis of voice qualities, tone-placing; enunciation; pronuncia- 
tion; pitch, rate, and volume; much practice in individual speaking 
and reading under careful, constructive criticism. 

English 20. Introduction to Journalism. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Newspaper content; news gathering; news, feature, and edi- 
torial writing; intelligent reading and discussion of news and 
editorial opinion; mechanics of printing; newspaper trends; press 
and radio; freedom of the press — rights and responsibilities. 

English 21a. Survey of Literature I. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

The popular epic and the literary epic; classical drama; lyrical 
poetry; Greek and Roman history and philosophy; Oriental and 
Hebrew religious literature; Teutonic myth and saga; medieval 
legend and romance; Italy and the Renaissance; satiric narrative 
prose. 

English 21b. Survey of Literature II. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Renaissance drama in England; the New Classicism; the Ro- 
mantic Movement in France, Germany, England, and America; the 
great Victorians; the rise of realism in France and Russia and its 
extension in England and America; Ibsen and the modern drama. 

English 22. The Short Story. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and one course in literature. 

Technique of the short story; development of the short story 
as a literary type; romanticism and realism in stories; the short 
story in America; short stories for the high school; the writing of a 
story or of a paper. 

English 23. Public Speaking. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Source and organization of speech materials; objective and 
audience considerations; practice in preparation and delivery of 
speeches for various occasions, purpose and audiences; speech 
criticism; parliamentary procedure with participation drills. 

English 24. Literature for Children. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Brief survey of the history of children's literature and a study 
of the literature itself under the following topics: Mother Goose, 
fairy tales, folklore and fables, realistic and fanciful stories, myths, 
epics and sagas, the romance cycles, poetry, fiction, biography, 
historical and geographical literature. Methods of teaching litera- 
ture in the elementary grades are touched upon. 

English 25. Story Telling. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: English 10, 11, and 24. 

History of story telling; purpose and aim of story telling; story 
interests of childhood; preparing the story; telling the story; 



CATALOG 1943-44 81 

dramatizing the story; uses of the story in schoolroom subjects; 
study of a considerable stock of stories of a wide range of appeal; 
much practice in actual telling of stories to children; constructive 
analysis of each student's performance. 

English 26. Grammar for Teachers. Two hours. 
Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Parts of speech, syntax and sentence analysis; history of teach- 
ing of grammar; methods of testing and measuring progress. 

English 27a. Dramatic Presentation I. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Art and technique of acting; relation of the individual to the 
role, to the play, and to the director; value of creative dramatics 
to the individual and to the group. 

English 27b. Dramatic Presentation II. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: English 27a. 

Selection of the play; casting and rehearsing; theory and con- 
struction of stage scenery; theory and practice of stage lighting; 
costuming and make-up; organization of production staff. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

English 30a. Advanced Composition I. Two hours. 

Required of juniors and seniors who have less than eight hours 
of freshman English. 

Required written reports, precis, recommendations; informa- 
tional essays or feature articles, news stories, editorials; book 
reviews; critical essays; research articles. Students are encouraged 
to write with a view to submitting their articles to suitable periodi- 
cals for publication. 

English 30b. Advanced Composition II. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: English 30a. 

Practice in writing short stories, one-act dramas, radio and 
motion picture dramas, feature articles, critical essays, familiar 
essays. Students are encouraged to write with a view to submit- 
ting their writing to suitable agencies for publication. 

English 31. Discussion and Debate. Four hours. 

Logic and semantics; process of persuasion in the formation of 
public opinion; application of discussion and debate as essential 
tools for reaching decisions in a democratic society. 

English 32a. Shakespeare I. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10, English 11, and two courses in liter- 
ature. 

The England of Shakespeare's time; Elizabethan drama when 
Shakespeare began writing; Elizabethan theories of comedy; the 



82 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

development of Shakespeare's comic genius; sources of his material; 
representative comedies, comic-history plays, romantic tragi- 
comedies. 

English 32b. Shakespeare II. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10, English 11, and two courses in 
literature. 

Elizabethan England as a background for Shakespeare's trage- 
dies; theories of Elizabethan tragedy; sources of Shakespeare's 
tragedies; the chronicle plays as tragedy; the great tragedies; ele- 
ments of tragedy in his late plays. 

English 33. Modern Drama. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10, English 11, and two courses in 
literature. 

Ibsen and his influence; the free theater and the new drama 
on the continent; naturalism and expressionism; the independent 
theater and the dramatic revival in England; the Abbey Theater 
and the Irish Renaissance; American imitators of the European 
drama; the little theater movement; Eugene O'Neill and the 
repertory theater; experimental drama. 

English 34a. The Novel I. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and at least one course in 
literature. 

Survey of the English novel from its beginning to the close of 
the nineteenth century; content and literary characteristics of the 
different types of the English novel; some foreign influences; read- 
ing and criticism of the different types of the novel. 

English 34b. The Novel II. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and at least one course in 
literature. 

History and development of the novel in the United States 
from the beginning to 1920 and the English novel to the same year; 
different types of the American novel; English and continental 
influences; extensive reading and discussion of the various types 
of the novel. 

English 35a. Contemporary Literature I. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and at least one course in 
literature. 

The novel, the short story, and biography of the last ten 
years and their roots in the immediate past; new names, new 
influences, and new trends in fiction; proper emphasis upon litera- 
ture of escape, of self-realization, and of social consciousness; 
evaluation of current fiction and biography; advantages and limita- 
tions of book reviews and commercial organizations designed to 
assist in the selection of new books; extensive rather than intensive 
reading (not confined to any one nation). 



CATALOG 1943-44 83 

English 35b. Contemporary Literature II. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and at least one course in 
literature. 

Same period as preceding course but with emphasis on con- 
temporary poetry and drama; new poets and poetic theories and 
techniques exemplified in current poetry; new dramatists and cur- 
rent dramatic theories and techniques; stage drama, motion picture 
drama, and radio drama; extensive rather than intensive reading 
(not confined to any one nation). 

English 36. Literature of the United States. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

Persistence of pioneer attitudes in American literature; the 
case for religious, political, personal, and economic freedom; from 
rugged individualism toward social concern; "woods longing" and 
the open road; quest for the ideal; inter-racial accommodation and 
conflict; progress toward realism; man and nature; men and 
machines; men and earth; literary evaluation; teaching techniques; 
writers as human beings; topics inherent in selected individual 
writings from colonial times to the present. 

English 37a. Poetry and Prose of the Romantic Period. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

In poetry the rise, development, and culmination of Roman- 
ticism; the impact of German metaphysics; the development of 
poetic form in Wordsworth and Coleridge; the return to the past 
in Scott and Southey; revolt and satire in Byron; Shelley and 
democratic idealism; Keats and esthetics. In prose the develop- 
ment of the essay as a medium of self-expression, literature criti- 
cism, and social ideals, as exemplied in the writings of Lamb, 
Coleridge, Hazlitt, DeQuincey, and Landor. 

English 37b. Poetry and Prose of the Victorian Period. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

Social ideals, political principles, religious conceptions, scien- 
tific theories, and cultural changes as mirrored in the non-fictional 
prose of such Victorian writers as Macaulay, Carlyle, Newman, 
Mill, Spencer, Arnold, Huxley, Ruskin, Stevenson, and Pater. The 
poetic cycle from Tennyson to Housman, reflecting the religious 
faith and doubt, social reform and unrest, estheticism, and skep- 
ticism of the period. 

English 38a. Speech Correction. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Diagnostic and remedial procedures for the correction of 
speech; phonetics from the point of view of English speech; the 
phonatory and articulatory aspects of speech development. 



84 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

English 38b. Speech Correction. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11. 

Diagnostic and remedial procedures for speech disorders; psy- 
chogenic disorders associated with the linguistic aspect of speech 
development. 

English 39. Books and the Modern Mind. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and at least one course in 
literature. 

Reading and discussion of modern books that have influenced 
modern thought and action; basic concepts of the physical uni- 
verse, man, and society as found in such writers as Darwin, Marx, 
Frazer, and others; social applications in novels and plays; influence 
upon forms of literature and art; attempts at ethical and religious 
synthesis. 

English 40. Kentucky Literature. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and one course in literature. 

Economic, political, social, and religious background of the 
early Kentuckians as expressed in their writings; ante bellum 
literature; the influence of the War Between the States; the rise 
of the local color fiction group; the revival of poetry; present-day 
writers and tendencies; ballads; seventeenth century survivals in 
the native idiom; opportunity to familiarize students with the John 
Wilson Townsend Collection. 

English 41. Teaching of High School English. Four hours. 

Open only to majors and minors in English. 

Prerequisites: English 21a and 21b or the equivalent. 

Objectives of high school English; critical analysis and selection 
of materials; review and application of educational principles and 
psychology of learning to the studying and teaching of high school 
English; different methods and techniques of teaching the various 
phases of high school English — speech, written composition, gram- 
mar, and literature; studying of teaching by observing good teach- 
ing; interrelationship of English to other high school subjects and 
activities. 

English 42. Renaissance and Elizabethan Literature. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature 

Spirit of the Renaissance; influence of Italian and other con- 
tinental literatures; early English humanists; Elizabethan enthu- 
siasm; Elizabethan language; new literary influences; chief literary 
forms; Spenser, Sidney, Bacon, Marlowe, Shakespeare, Ben Jon- 
son; other dramatists and lyrists. 

English 43. Milton and the Puritan Period. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

Study of the life of Milton as it affected his writings; his earlier 
poetry; development of his genius; the great epic Paradise Lost 



CATALOG 1943-44 85 

and its interpretation; Paradise Regained, Samson Agonistes, and 
other related literature. 

English 44. Chaucer and Medieval Story. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

Study of the various types of medieval story — the folk-epic, 
the beast tale, the metrical romance, the fabliau, the saint's legend, 
and the ballad — and of the social and moral ideals which they 
reveal. 

English 45. The Age of Classicism. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: English 10 and 11 and two courses in literature. 

Social backgrounds of classicism; Restoration drama as a reac- 
tion against Puritanism; Dryden and the rise of the critical spirit; 
French and Graeco-Roman influences; the literary dictatorship of 
Dr. Jonson; the decay of literary patronage; new tendencies in 
Thompson, Cowper, Gray, Chatterton, Goldsmith, and Crabbe. 

English 46. Interpretative Reading. Four hours. 

Sources of materials; techniques of interpretation; criteria for 
selecting readings, for preparing contestants and readers, and for 
judging contests; individual work under careful direction. 

English 47. History of the English Language. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Two years of work in English toward a major 
or first minor in English. 

The family of languages; the Old English period; the Middle 
English period; modern English; the foreign and native elements in 
English; history of English vowel sounds; mutation and gradation; 
the consonants; English inflections; English accent; collateral read- 
ings in the less technical works on the English language. 

FRENCH 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

French 11. Elementary French. Four hours. 
Pronunciation; grammar; conversation in French on material 
studied. 

French 12. Elementary French. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: French 11 or one unit of high school French. 
Continuation of grammar study begun in French 11 and oral 
work based on reading material. 

French 21. Intermediate French. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: French 11 and 12 or two units of high school 
French. 

Grammar review; short history of French literature; notable 
examples of the French short story. 



86 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

French 22. Intermediate French. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: French 21 or three units of high school French. 

Grammar review; three French novels. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 
French 31. French Prose Classics. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Two years of college French or the equivalent. 
Intensive reading of a number of French prose classics with 
emphasis on the language structure; extensive reading of works by 
representative prose writers from the Middle Ages to the nine- 
teenth century. 

French 32. French Prose Classics. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: French 31 or its equivalent. 

Selected prose works of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

French 41. French Poetry. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Two years of college French or the equivalent. 

The Medieval Period; the Renaissance; the Golden Age; Ro- 
manticism; the Parnassus School; Symbolism; contemporary ten- 
dencies in poetry. 

French 42. French Drama. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: French 41 or its equivalent. 

The classical period; the eighteenth century; Romanticism; 
modern drama. 

GENERAL SCIENCE 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Science 10. Survey of Science I. Four hours. 

Not open to students who have had one or more laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. 

Structure of matter; atomic structure; chemical reactions; 
organic chemistry and synthetic products; biological chemistry in 
relation to agriculture and nutrition; mechanics; heat; radiant 
energy; electricity; numerous applications of science to every- 
day life. 

Science 11. Survey of Science II. Four hours. 

Not open to students who have had one or more laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. 

Structural organization and chemical composition of living 
things; reproduction; genetics; variation; respiration; nutrition; 
maintenance of health. 



CATALOG 1943-44 87 

Science 12. Survey of Science III. Four hours. 

Not open to students who have had one or more laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. 

Physical geography; structure of earth; oceanography; me- 
teorology; the earth as a planet; the solar system; stars; the 
galaxy; extragalactic systems; astronomical instruments and mea- 
surements. 

„> GEOGRAPHY 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Geography 10. Principles of Geography. Four hours. Fee 50c. 

The use of maps, globes, tellurians and atlases; the use and 
interpretation of charts, diagrams and statistics; a brief history of 
the changing aspects of geography; the nature of human geography; 
the earth's form and movements, their results and influences upon 
man; the continents and their influences upon man; human activities 
in mountains and plains; the influence of the oceans on man; the 
use of inland waters; man's relation to soil and minerals; man 
and vegetation in different types of climatic regions; the effects 
of population density upon standards of living; distribution of the 
population of the earth. 

Geography 20. Climatology. Four hours. 

Weather and weather observation; elements of climate; climatic 
regions of the world — a study of climate as affected by the physical 
factors of sun, mountains, land and water; changes in temperature, 
pressure, winds — direction and force; humidity; cloud phenomena, 
precipitation, and the major types of storms; forecasting; the 
climatic regions of the world; weather conditions and their relation 
to human activities. 

Geography 21. Economic Geography of the Industries. Four 
hours. 

The more important agricultural products — cereals, starch 
foods, forage crops, vegetable crops, fruit crops, wine industries, 
sugar, vegetable oils, condiments and tobacco, vegetable fibers, 
non-food vegetables; the animal food stuffs, animal fibers, furs, 
skins; the mining industries; manufacturers — aluminum, auto- 
mobile, copper, chemical, textile, leather, iron and steel, paint, 
petroleum, rubber, etc.; trade routes, inland in North America 
and international trade routes; world trade centers. 

Geography 22. Geography of North America. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Geography 10. 

The United States as a national unit; the geographic regions of 
the United States as the Upper Lake Region; the Driftless Area, the 
Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Interior Highlands, the 
Puget Sound Trough; the geographic regions of Canada, as the 



88 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Region; the Prairie Plains and Arctic 
Meadows, the Pacific Mountain Region; Alaska. 

Geography 23. World Democracy and Geopolitics. Two hours. 

Geopolitics; the ideological conflict; backgrounds of national- 
ism; the global war and strategy; social factors; economic factors; 
political factors; physical factors; religion and war; educational 
impacts; cultural factors; health and physical fitness; land and 
ocean warfare; military factors; diplomacy and war; after war, 
what? 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Geography 30. Geography of the South. Two hours. 

The South, yesterday and today; the advancing South; the 
physical landscape; the cultural landscape; the major regions; the 
people of the South; the races and their distribution and prob- 
lems; transportation facilities; agriculture, its development, its re- 
gions, its problems, and possibilities; power resources; mineral 
wealth, forest resources; manufacturing and industries; comparison 
of rural and urban communities of the South; the South's future. 

Geography 31. Economic and Historical Geology. Two hours. 

The origin of the earth; genesis of ore deposits; evolution of 
plants and animals; origin of mountains; history and growth of 
continents; the earth's interior; formation and recognition of com- 
mon rocks and minerals; architecture of the earth; geologic time 
table; the geologic eras; the growth of knowledge of the earth; 
man's place in nature; geology in the service of man applied to in- 
dustry and to the larger affairs of men; economic and geologic 
features of minerals. 

Geography 32. Geography of Europe. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Geography 10. 

The general geographic setting of Europe as a whole; the physi- 
ographic climate, economic and political geography of each of the 
major countries; European trade and commerce; the geographic 
advantages and handicaps of the various European countries that 
have resulted from the changes in boundaries that followed the 
World War I. 

Geography 33. Geography of Latin America. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Geography 10. 

International importance of Latin America; growing interest 
of the United States in Latin America; historical geography of dis- 
covery, settlement and development; Caribbean resources; the 
Panama Canal; South America in world trade; population distribu- 
tion; transportation facilities; climatic and physiographic regions; 
economic geography of the Pampas, the Amazon Basin, Central 
Mexican Plateau; the Llanos, Andean Highlands. 



CATALOG 1943-44 89 

Geography 40. Geography of World Problems. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Six hours of geography. 

Geography and the evolution of nations; the expansion of 
Europe; European influence in world affairs; economic resources; 
the British Empire and its many problems — India, Egypt, Ireland, 
South Africa; geography and problems of major nations of the 
Orient; Islamism; Russia, past and present; Europe in Africa; the 
problems of the Far East. 

Geography 41. Geography of Asia. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Geography 10. 

The structure of Asia; the geography of Asia; the climates of 
Asia; the vegetation of Asia; the population of Asia; the exploration 
and exploitation of Asiatic countries by European nations; Asia's 
position in the world; the agricultural resources of Asia; summary 
of the economic resources of Asia; Turkey — the threshold of Asia; 
Arab Asia; the Iranian Plateau; the Indian Empire; Ceylon; South- 
eastern Asia; the East Indies; China, the Dead Heart of Asia; Japa- 
nese Empire; Asiatic Russia; growing interest in the United States 
in Asia; the geographic advantages and disadvantages. 

Geography 42. Geography and Geology of Kentucky. Two hours. 

The Kentucky country; geology; surface and drainage; weather 
and climate; native vegetation; native animals; native people; the 
coming of the, white man; the soil and its conservation; agriculture; 
animal industries; mineral resources; manufacturing; transporta- 
tion; location and growth of cities; Louisville and the cities of the 
Ohio Basin; other cities; the counties of Kentucky; cultural features 
of Kentucky — government, education; Kentucky of the future. 

Geography 43. Geography of Africa and Australia. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Geography 10. 

Structure; physiography; climate; vegetation; population; explo- 
ration; exploitation; position in world affairs; agricultural resources; 
transportation facilities; climatic and physiographic regions; foreign 
trade and foreign interests, comparisons and contrasts with other 
continents; the geographic advantages and disadvantages; changes 
resulting from World War and post-war conditions; present-day 
problems and their geographic background. 

Geography 44. Conservation of Natural Resources. Four hours. 

History of the conservation movement; the forest resources; soil 
depletion and restoration; the land resources; the fertilizer re- 
sources; water origin and supply; water power; irrigation and recla- 
mation; navigation; the mineral resources; the mineral fuels, coal, 
petroleum, natural gas; the metallic resources, iron, copper, lead, 
gold, zinc, aluminum, silver, uranium and radium; the human re- 
sources; agricultural losses. 



90 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

GEOLOGY 

Geology 20. Physical Geography and Geology. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Materials of the earth; weathering; work of wind; work of 
ground water; work of streams; work of glaciers; the ocean and its 
work; the structure of the earth; earthquakes; volcanoes and igne- 
ous intrusions; metamorphism; mountains and plateaus; ore de- 
posits; soils, their classification and origin; major physiographic fea- 
tures, their origin and influence on man. 

GERMAN 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

German 11. Elementary German. Four hours. 

Pronunciation: Grammar; conversation in German on material 
studied. 

German 12. Elementary German. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: German 11 or one unit of high school German. 

Continuation of grammar study begun in German 11 and oral 
work based on reading material. 

German 21. Intermediate German. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: German 11 and 12 or two units of high school 
German. 

Grammar review; short history of German literature; notable 
examples of the German short story. 

German 22. Intermediate German. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: German 21 or three units of high school German. 

Grammar review; three German novels. 

GOVERNMENT 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Government 10. American Government. Four hours. 

National government: organization of the various departments 
with their functions and operations, political parties, ideals of cor- 
rect government, relation of federal to state and local government. 

Government 11. American Government. Four hours. 

State and local government: organization, operation, and prob- 
lems of state, county and municipal government; relation of state 
and local to national government. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Government 30. English Government. Two hours. 
Prerequisite: Government 10. 



CATALOG 1943-44 91 

The rise of governmental institutions of England and her in- 
fluence among the nations; kingship; parliament; cabinet; ministry; 
privy council; Swiss system of government and her democracy. 

Government 40. International Diplomacy. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Government 10. 

Leading negotiations and treaties among the nations; diplomatic 
and consular affairs in general. 

Government 41. Foreign Government. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Government 10. 

Main features of the governments of Germany, France, Italy, 
and Russia. 

Government 42. Principles of Democracy. Two hours. 

The theory of democracy; history of democracy; the attack on 
democracy; defense of democracy; leading democratic documents; 
democracy in the present crisis. 

HEALTH 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Health 10a. Personal Hygiene. Two hours. 

Correct living habits; structure and care of the human body; 
desirable health practices; the place of health in modern times; 
scientific versus unscientific and irrational health practices. 

Health 10b. Personal Hygiene. Two hours. 

Continuation of Health 10a. 

Health 20. First Aid to the Injured. Two hours. Fee, 50c. 

Meeting emergencies in the schoolroom, on the playground, and 
on the athletic field. The Standard and Advanced Red Cross Cer- 
tificates are awarded to students completing the course. 

Health 21. General Bacteriology. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 11 and 12. 

Stains and staining techniques; sterilization; preparation of 
culture media; isolation and identification of bacteria; bacterial 
control; physical and chemical agents; immunity; disease control. 

Health 22. Home Nursing. Two hours. 

First aid and care of sickness in the home. 

Health 26. Public Hygiene and Safety. Four hours. 

Public hygiene and disease prevention; home, school, and com- 
munity sanitation and public health. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Health 31. Applied Bacteriology. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Health 21. 



92 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Water analysis; food spoilage; fermentation; food poisoning; 
pathogenic bacteria; vaccination; animal inoculation; livestock 
diseases. 

Health 32. Individual Gymnastics. Two hours. 

Treatment of faulty body mechanics; diagnosis and exercises 
for deformities of the human body such as weak feet, heart dis- 
turbances, paralysis, and bone and joint abnormalities. 

Health 36. Materials and Methods for Teaching Health Edu- 
cation. Four hours. 

General objectives of the health program; health set-ups and 
practices; selection, organization, and use of health materials for 
primary and intermediate grades; methods of teaching health. 

HISTORY 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

History 10. History of Western Civilization. Four hours. 

Rise of ancient governments; the city state of Greece; Grecian 
art and architecture; the rise of imperial government in Rome; 
the influence of the Roman legal system; the rise of the Church; 
medieval institutional and cultural developments. 

History 11. History of Western Civilization. Four hours. 

Rise of modern states; the Renaissance and Reformation; 
dynastic and international wars; the rise of labor-capital disputes; 
the rise and development of the socialist party; the World War and 
its aftermath. 

History 20. American History. Four hours. 

Discovery, exploration, and conquest by nations; colonization; 
the colonial wars; alienation of the colonies from England and 
eventual revolution; establishment of government and the rise of 
a powerful nation; the War of 1812. 

History 21. American History. Four hours. 

The new nationalism; the westward movement; Jacksonian 
democracy; the slavery controversy; Civil War and reconstruction; 
the gilded age. 

History 22. American History. Four hours. 

The rise of industrialism; problems of the American farmer; 
money and the tariff; the last American frontier; America as a 
world power; the World War; politics since 1876; recent social 
developments. 

History 29. A Survey of the Global War. Two hours. 

Social, economic, and political background of World War II; 
problems brought about by world conflict; the importance of a 
lasting peace. 



CATALOG 1943-44 93 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

History 30. European History from 1300 to 1789. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: History 10 and 11. 

Renaissance; Reformation; rise of the national state and royal 
absolutism; decline of manorialism; rise of capitalism and the 
mercantile system; the British revolutions of the seventeenth 
century; international rivalries; wars of dynastic and territorial 
aggrandizement; the age of reason and enlightened despotism. 

History 31. European History from 1789 to the Present. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisite: History 30. 

The French Revolution and Napoleon; intellectual and re- 
ligious developments; restoration and reaction following the 
Congress of Vienna; revolutionary and reform movements; 
nationalism; imperialism; political, social, and economic develop- 
ments in the major countries between the First and Second 
World Wars. 

History 35. English History to the Stuarts. Four hours. 

The coming of the Anglo-Saxon; advance toward nationality; 
the Norman invasion; English feudalism; the Hundred Years' War; 
legal and political development; the Wars of the Roses and the 
fall of feudalism and rise of Tudor monarchy. 

History 36. English History from 1603 to 1714. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: History 35. 

The Divine Right of James I and Charles I; religious and 
financial struggles of the time; parliamentary resistance to the first 
two Stuarts; the "Roundheaded Rebellion"; Charles II; James II 
and the English Revolution. 

History 37. English History from 1714 to the Present. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisite: History 35. 

The Hanoverian dynasty; the struggle for empire; development 
of British Imperialism; parliamentary reforms of the nineteenth 
century; influence of political parties; England's place in the 
"Parliament of Men." 

History 38. Inter-Racial Relations. Four hours. 
Local, national, and international problems brought about by 
inter-racial relations. 

History 39. Teaching the Social Studies. Two hours. 

Aims and objectives; national committee reports; social studies 
literature; methods of instruction; practical tools of instruction; 
integration; grade placement; community resources; evaluation. 



92 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Water analysis; food spoilage; fermentation; food poisoning; 
pathogenic bacteria; vaccination; animal inoculation; livestock 
diseases. 

Health 32. Individual Gymnastics. Two hours. 

Treatment of faulty body mechanics; diagnosis and exercises 
for deformities of the human body such as weak feet, heart dis- 
turbances, paralysis, and bone and joint abnormalities. 

Health 36. Materials and Methods for Teaching Health Edu- 
cation. Four hours. 

General objectives of the health program; health set-ups and 
practices; selection, organization, and use of health materials for 
primary and intermediate grades; methods of teaching health. 

HISTORY 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

History 10. History of Western Civilization. Four hours. 

Rise of ancient governments; the city state of Greece; Grecian 
art and architecture; the rise of imperial government in Rome; 
the influence of the Roman legal system; the rise of the Church; 
medieval institutional and cultural developments. 

History 11. History of Western Civilization. Four hours. 

Rise of modern states; the Renaissance and Reformation; 
dynastic and international wars; the rise of labor-capital disputes; 
the rise and development of the socialist party; the World War and 
its aftermath. 

History 20. American History. Four hours. 

Discovery, exploration, and conquest by nations; colonization; 
the colonial wars; alienation of the colonies from England and 
eventual revolution; establishment of government and the rise of 
a powerful nation; the War of 1812. 

History 21. American History. Four hours. 

The new nationalism; the westward movement; Jacksonian 
democracy; the slavery controversy; Civil War and reconstruction; 
the gilded age. 

History 22. American History. Four hours. 

The rise of industrialism; problems of the American farmer; 
money and the tariff; the last American frontier; America as a 
world power; the World War; politics since 1876; recent social 
developments. 

History 29. A Survey of the Global War. Two hours. 

Social, economic, and political background of World War II; 
problems brought about by world conflict; the importance of a 
lasting peace. 



CATALOG 1943-44 93 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

History 30. European History from 1300 to 1789. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: History 10 and 11. 

Renaissance; Reformation; rise of the national state and royal 
absolutism; decline of manorialism; rise of capitalism and the 
mercantile system; the British revolutions of the seventeenth 
century; international rivalries; wars of dynastic and territorial 
aggrandizement; the age of reason and enlightened despotism. 

History 31. European History from 1789 to the Present. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisite: History 30. 

The French Revolution and Napoleon; intellectual and re- 
ligious developments; restoration and reaction following the 
Congress of Vienna; revolutionary and reform movements; 
nationalism; imperialism; political, social, and economic develop- 
ments in the major countries between the First and Second 
World Wars. 

History 35. English History to the Stuarts. Four hours. 

The coming of the Anglo-Saxon; advance toward nationality; 
the Norman invasion; English feudalism; the Hundred Years' War; 
legal and political development; the Wars of the Roses and the 
fall of feudalism and rise of Tudor monarchy. 

History 36. English History from 1603 to 1714. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: History 35. 

The Divine Right of James I and Charles I; religious and 
financial struggles of the time; parliamentary resistance to the first 
two Stuarts; the "Roundheaded Rebellion"; Charles II; James II 
and the English Revolution. 

History 37. English History from 1714 to the Present. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisite: History 35. 

The Hanoverian dynasty; the struggle for empire; development 
of British Imperialism; parliamentary reforms of the nineteenth 
century; influence of political parties; England's place in the 
"Parliament of Men." 

History 38. Inter-Racial Relations. Four hours. 
Local, national, and international problems brought about by 
inter-racial relations. 

History 39. Teaching the Social Studies. Two hours. 

Aims and objectives; national committee reports; social studies 
literature; methods of instruction; practical tools of instruction; 
integration; grade placement; community resources; evaluation. 



94 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

History 40. Recent and Current World History. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: History 31. 

The First World War and its consequences; the League of 
Nations and the International Court of Justice; causes of the 
Second World War; present conditions. 

History 41. Modern Germany from 1789 to the Present. Two 
hours. 

Prerequisite: History 31. 

Political, social, economic, and intellectual developments; ef- 
fects of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars; revolu- 
tionary movements after the Congress of Vienna; formation of the 
German Empire; domestic and international developments from 
1870 to 1914; the World War; the German Republic and the Hitler 
Revolution. 

History 42. The French Revolution and Napoleon. Two 
hours. 

Prerequisite: History 31. 

A survey of the Old Regime with emphasis on the causes of 
the Revolution; a detailed study of the Revolution and the 
Napoleonic Empire. 

History 43. History of France since 1815. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: History 31. 

The Industrial Revolution and its impact on social and 
political life; religious, intellectual, and cultural trends; reaction- 
ary policies of the Restoration period; the Revolutions of 1830 and 
1848; domestic affairs under the Second French Empire and the 
Third French Republic; French nationalism and imperialism in 
relation to Franco-German rivalry; factors in the decline of France 
in recent years. 

History 44. History of the American West. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: History 20, 21, and 22. 

Significance of the West in American History; advancement of 
the frontier; influence of the West on politics; Indian problems; 
the West of the fur trader; the rancher, the miner, and the farmer; 
communication and transportation; the end of the frontier. 

History 45a. History of the Old South. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: History 20, 21, and 22. 

Settlement; peoples; religion; government; education; social 
and economic conditions; relations with the North and with foreign 
nations consequent to slavery; the Civil War. 

History 45b. History of the New South since the Civil War. 
Two hours. 

Prerequisites: History 20, 21, and 22. 
Reconstruction, resumption, and progress in all lines 



CATALOG 1943-44 95 

History 46. Kentucky History. Four hours. 

General, social, economic, and political history of Kentucky; 
her influence in the development of American Democracy; her 
periods of leadership in the nation; her educational system; Ken- 
tucky's great men and women; historical sources of Kentucky. 

History 47. Recent and Current American History. Two 
hours. 

Prerequisites: History 20, 21, and 22. 

The onrush of "Big Business"; commerce; expansion; tariff; 
foreign relations; imperialism; World Wars and current politics. 

History 48. Latin American History. Four hours. 

A survey of the history of the nations to the south of us, 
covering the period from Columbus to the present; Latin Amer- 
ican culture, economics, politics, and world interest, with special 
emphasis on our relations with these countries. 

HOME ECONOMICS 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Home Economics 10. Textiles. Two hours. 

Physical and chemical characteristics of the various textile 
fibers; the weaves, finishes, durability and care of fabrics; applica- 
tion of scientific information to the purchase and use of fabrics. 

Home Economics 11. Source, Selection, and Cost of Foods. Two 
hours. 

Problems involved in the marketing of foods, and in the pur- 
chase of foods; the foods available for home use; the brands of foods; 
the amounts of food for family groups. 

Home Economics 12. Costume Design. Two hours. 

Principles of design as related to the costume; study of line, 
color, and texture in fabrics as related to different types of 
individuals. 

Home Economics 20. Garment Making. Four hours. 

Fundamentals of garment construction by means of planning, 
selecting, purchasing of fabrics; commercial patterns; construction 
of simple garments; hand and machine sewing. 

Home Economics 21. Nutrition and Food Preparation. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.50. 

Composition of foods; the nutritive value of foods; diet in rela- 
tion to health; the fundamental principles involved in the prepara- 
tion of foods. 

Home Economics 22. Meal Planning, Preparation, and Serving. 
Four hours. Fee, $5.00. 

Prerequisite: Home Economics 21 or its equivalent. 



96 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

The equipment and arrangement of different types of kitchens; 
the preparation of balanced meals; the cost of meals; table service; 
etiquette; hospitality; and special entertainments. 

Home Economics 23. Dressmaking. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Home Economics 20 or its equivalent. 
Construction of four dresses: one wool, one silk or rayon, one 
a made-over problem, fittings and finishes. 

Home Economics 24. Interior Decoration. Two hours. 
Prerequisite: Art 10. 

Decoration and furnishing of the interior of the house consider- 
ing the style of architecture; cost, durability and use of the house. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior and Graduate Students) 

Home Economics 30. Household Equipment. Two hours. 
Standards for judging household equipment; advantages of 
labor-saving devices; care of equipment. 

Home Economics 31. Advanced Cookery. Four hours. Fee 

$3.00. 

Prerequisite: Home Economics 21. 

Scientific principles of cookery through experimentation and 
variation of proportions in recipes; skills and techniques of 
cookery. 

Home Economics 32. The Family. Two hours. 
Biological, psychological, social and economic aspects of family 
organization. 

Home Economics 33. Introduction to Home Management. 
Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Home Economics 11, 21, and 22. 
Economic and scientific factors which influence home living: 
time, labor, finance, sanitation and household servant problems. 

Home Economics 34. Tailoring. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Home Economics 20 and 23. 

Experience in handling of woolen fabrics; principles involved 
in tailoring a coat or a suit. 

Home Economics 35. Advanced Nutrition. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 20. 

Food nutrients and functions in the body. 

Home Economics 36. Materials and Methods for Teaching Voca- 
tional Home Economics. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Education 21, 34 and 36, or registration in Educa- 
tion 36. 

The characteristics of the high school girl, her needs and how to 
meet these needs through the organization of units of study, class- 



CATALOG 1943-44 97 

room procedures, and illustrative materials; home visits and home 
projects; equipment; records and reports; adult education. 

Home Economics 40. Dietetics. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Home Economics 21, 22 and 35, Chemistry 20. 
Biology 29 or registration in it. 

Nutritive value of common food; essentials of adequate diet: 
human nutrition applied to feeding individuals under various 
physiological, economic and social conditions. 

Home Economics 41. Child Development. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Education 21 and 34. 

Care necessary for physical, mental, emotional, and social 
development of the child from infancy through adolescence. Each 
student has personal experience with children. 

Home Economics 42. Advanced Costume Design. Two hours. 

Prei'equisite: Home Economics 12. 

The modern dress designer; problems in dress designing and 
draping. 

Home Economics 43. Home Management. Six hours. 

Prerequisite: Home Economics 33. 

Reservations for appointment to live in the Home Management 
House should be made several weeks prior to the beginning of the 
semester. 

Opportunities are given for the improvement of skills in plan- 
ning meals, buying food, cooking, serving, cleaning and laundering. 
Social relationships, etiquette, and hospitality are emphasized. 

Home Economics 44. Institutional Management. Four hours. 

Organization, management and equipment of institutions such 
as tea rooms, cafeterias, and hotel dining rooms; trips to visit 
large eating places, hotels, and school cafeterias. 

Home Economics 46. Problems in Teaching Home Economics. 
Two hours. 

Prerequisites: Home Economics 36 and Education 46. 

Problems arising in student teaching; problems anticipated on 
the job. 

INDUSTRIAL ARTS 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Industrial Arts 10. General Shop. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Drawing; woodworking; metalworking; finishing; electrical 
appliances; home mechanics; crafts. 

Industrial Arts 11. Elementary Cabinet Construction. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Basic woodworking course including common hand tools, 
principles of construction, the process of finishing, and the char- 
acteristics of the ordinary cabinet woods. 



98 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Industrial Arts 12. Beginning Machine Shop. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Blueprint reading; bench work; common lathe operations; use 
of the drill press and shaper; source, characteristics, and uses of 
the common metals. 

Industrial Arts 13. Elementary Mechanical Drawing. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Lettering; drafting room conventions; inking; tracing; blue- 
printing. 

Industrial Arts 14. Wood Finishing and Decoration. Two 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 11. 

Making of a series of panels; practical work in painting, 
interior finishing, and the refinishing of furniture. 

Industrial Arts 15. Elementary Industrial Arts Design. 
Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 13. 

Fundamental principles or constructive, decorative, and 
pictorial art; practical application of art principles; designing and 
rendering with pencil, pen and ink, and color. 

Industrial Arts 16. Primary Handicraft. Two hours. Fee, 
$1.00. 

Typical forms of industrial arts applicable to the conditions in 
the elementary school. 

Industrial Arts 20. Elementary Machine Drawing. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 13. 

Assembly drawing in accordance with standard drafting room 
conventions; principal forms of bolts, screws, threads, nuts and 
conventions; problems from perspective with dimensions, tabular 
data, and sketches made from actual machine parts. 

Industrial Arts 21. Intermediate Cabinet Construction. 
Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Industrial Arts 11 and 13. 

Practice work on wood lathe; making of turned elements; 
selecting, constructing, and finishing of projects; sharpening and 
care of tools. 

Industrial Arts 22. Advanced Industrial Arts Design. Two 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Application of the fundamentals of design by the production 
of designs, plans, and rods in furniture, art, and sheet metal 
objects, tools, and crafts. 

Industrial Arts 23. Advanced Mechanical Drawing. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 13. 



CATALOG 1943-44 99 

Special emphasis on technique; drawings correlated with 
shopwork. 

Industrial Arts 24. Elementary Pattern Making. Two hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Use of woodworking tools and machines common to pattern 
making; making of patterns involving principles of shrinkage, 
draft, finish, warp, cores; study of the uses of patterns in foundry. 

Industrial Arts 25. Sheet Metal Work. Four hours. Fee, 
$1.00. 

Care and use of the common sheet metal tools and machines; 
making of layouts; templates; projects involving soldering, seam- 
ing, punching, riveting, forming, and spot welding. 

Industrial Arts 26. General Metalworking. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00 

Operations and information in bench metal; machine shop 
practice; sheet metal; art metal; foundry; forge; heat treating; 
welding. 

Industrial Arts 27. Arc and Oxacetylene Welding. Two 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Study and development of skills in common welding practices; 
horizontal, incline, and overhead welding. 

Industrial Arts 28. House Planning. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Planning of a residence with floor plans, elevations, details, 
and specifications; orders of architecture; common styles of homes; 
building materials. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Industrial Arts 30. Shop Equipment. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Experience in shop planning and advice on the selection of 
equipment; types of industrial arts shops. 

Industrial Arts 31. Advanced Cabinet Construction. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 11 and 21. 

Projects involving skill in the use of machines and tools; 
reeding; fluting; carving; inlaying; veneering; dovetailing. 

Industrial Arts 32. Weaving and Upholstering. Two hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 21. 

Upholestering plain surfaces and frame structures; upholster- 
ing with springs; renovation; caning; split and fiber weaving; 
material, tools, and tool operators. 



100 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Industrial Arts 33. Wood Turning. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 21. 

Common wood turning problems; sharpening of tools; opera- 
tions involving spindle, face plate, chuck turning, finishing, and 
polishing. 

Industrial Arts 34. Machine Shop Practice I. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00 

Prerequisites: Industrial Arts 10 and 14. 

Operation of the most common machine lathes used in school 
shops; machine tools; machine methods on simple tool projects. 

Industrial Arts 35. Art Metal Work. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Skill in working with soft metals and mild steel; operations 
in laying out, raising, planishing, chasing, etching, forming, spin- 
ning, turning, and finishing metals; bending, twisting, drilling, 
riveting, and welding in ornamental iron. 

Industrial Arts 36. Organization of Subject Matter in Indus- 
trial Arts. Two hours. 

Organization of subject matter for teaching of industrial arts 
in the junior and senior high schools; objectives of the teacher; 
operation and information units; organization of jobs for teaching 
purposes; teaching devices; shop planning; equipment; progress 
charts. 

Industrial Arts 37. Elementary Architectural Drawing. 
Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 13. 

Lettering; elements of architecture; mouldings; shades and 
shadows; washwork; rendering; drawing from model or cast: 
sketching. 

Industrial Arts 38. Principles of Aeronautics. Four hours. 

History of flight; the development of aeroplane types; elements 
of aerodynamics; the airframe; aircraft power plants; meterology; 
navigation; the new geography of the air; flying terms and 
techniques; teaching of aeronautics. In addition there will be 
laboratory work dealing with motors, wind tunnel experimentation, 
and modeling. 

Industrial Arts 40. Problems of Industrial Arts. Two or four 
hours. 

A course for seniors and graduate students in which problems 
of special interest and value to the student will be studied. 

Industrial Arts 41. Machine Woodworking. Two hours. Fee, 
$1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 31. 

Special operations, repairing, and servicing of power wood- 
working machinery. 



CATALOG 1943-44 101 

Industrial Arts 44. Machine Shop Practice II. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Industrial Arts 10. 26 and 34. 

Machine shop practice consisting of layout work, jig setups, 
shop mathematics, and blueprint reading; moulding; casting; 
machining different types of tapers; fits, thread cutting, shaping, 
milling, and heat treating of different metals. 

Industrial Arts 46. Teaching of Industrial Arts. Two hours. 

Problems of teaching industrial arts; organization of subject 
matter; methods of presentations; organization and class manage- 
ment; types of lessons; lesson plans; demonstrations; testing; 
system of grading. 

Industrial Arts 47. Advanced Architectural Drawing. Four 
hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Industrial Arts 37. 

Student, with the instructor's approval, will select a project 
and make a suitable esquisse and rendu of same. 

LATIN 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Latin 10. Elementary Latin. Four hours. 

Pronounciation; declension of nouns, adjectives, and pronouns; 
indicatives; infinitives; simple uses of subjunctive of verbs; 
acquisition of the fundamental principles of the language; ability 
to read simple Latin prose dealing with Roman home life, mythol- 
ogy, and Roman history. 

Latin 11. Elementary Latin. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: One unit of high school Latin or Latin 10. 

Caesar and a wide range of authors of equal difficulty: 
vocabulary, inflection, syntax, and their application to English; 
collateral reading on Roman history and society: training in the 
understanding of Latin in the Latin order. 

Latin 12. Selections from Cicero and Ovid. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Two units of high school Latin or Latin 11. 

Selections from the works of Cicero, Ovid. Pliny, and others: 
continued emphasis on mastery of vocabulary and syntax; emphasis 
on the relation of Latin to English; comparison of the government 
of the Roman Republic to that of democracies of the present day. 

Latin 13. Selections from Vergil's Aeneid. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Two or three units of high school Latin or Latin 
12. 

Selections from Aeneid of Vergil; study of the Augustan age: 
study of metrical form and structure of the poem; continued 
emphasis on Latin inflections and constructions. 



102 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Latin 15. Selections from Livy. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Three units of high school Latin or the equivalent. 

Survey of Roman history from the foundation of Rome to the 
close of the second Punic War; assigned readings from such 
historians as Mommsen, Heitland, and others; comparative study 
of Rome and Carthage; critical study of Livy's style. 

Latin 16. Selections from Horace. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Three units of high school Latin or the 
equivalent. 

Selected odes, epodes, and satires from Horace; study of the 
Augustan age from both a literary and political point of view; 
study of Horace's philosophy; various meters employed by 
Horace. 

Latin 22. The Writing of Latin Prose. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Latin 15 or the equivalent. 

Selections from the text, "Arnold's Latin Prose"; review of 
syntax; sight reading. 

Latin 23. The Latin Dramatists. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Latin 15 or the equivalent. 

Dramas of Plautus, Terrence, and Seneca; two plays of 
Plautus for intensive study; rapid reading of other representative 
plays. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Latin 30. Literature of the Late Republic. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Latin 23 or the equivalent. 

Selections from the works of Caesar, Sallust, Nepos, and Cicero 
with emphasis on Ciceronian prose as a basis of much of the 
thinking and writing since his day; selections from works of 
poets of this age with emphasis on the works of Catullus and 
Lucretius. 

Latin 31. Latin Literature of the Early Empire. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Latin 23 or the equivalent. 

The Oxford University Press text — selections compiled by 
A. C. B. Brown. The selections form a connected and contempo- 
raneous discussion of politics, education, literature, philosophy, 
social types, and town and country life. 

Latin 32. Satire and Epigram. Four hours. 

Selected satires of Juvenal; selected epigrams of Martial; 
development of satire in Latin literature with assignments from 
Horace; satire in English; epigram as a literary expression. 

Latin 41. Latin Prose of the Silver Age. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Latin 23 or the equivalent. 

Letters of Pliny the Younger; selections from the writings of 
Tacitus. 



CATALOG 1943-44 103 

Latin 42. Roman Private Life. Four hours. 

Lectures, discussions, and readings on Roman family, home, 
marriage, education, clothing, food, amusements, travel, religion, 
town and country li^e. 

LIBRARY SCIENCE 

Library Science 10. Library Orientation. One hour. 

Discussions of the card catalog; library plans; principles of 
classification; mechanical make-up of the books; reference books; 
indexes bibliographies; printed aids in book sections. 

MATHEMATICS 
LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Mathematics 10. College Algebra I. Four hours. 

Review of high school algebra; exponents and radicals; 
functions and their graphs; equations and their solutions; systems 
of linear equations and quadratic equations. 

Mathematics 11. College Algebra II. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 10. 

Ratio and proportion; systems of equations involving quad- 
ratics; progressions; mathematical induction; binomial theorem; 
theory of equations; permutations; combinations; probability; 
determinants; partial fractions. 

Mathematics 12. Trigonometry. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 10. 

The trigonometric functions; logarithms; right triangle; radian 
measure; properties of the trigonometric functions; functions of 
two angles: the oblique triangle; the inverse trigonometric func- 
tions. 

Mathematics 20. Solid Geometry. Four hours. 
Fundamental propositions, problems, and exercises of solid 
geometry. 

Mathematics 21. Analytic Geometry. Four hours. 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 10, 11, and 12. 
Graphs and loci; polar coordinates; straight line; circle; conic 
sections; general equation of the second degree. 

Mathematics 22. Differential Calculus. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 21. 

Variables; functions; differentiation; applications of the de- 
rivative; successive differentiation; parametric and polar equa- 
tions and roots. 



104 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Mathematics 23. Differential Calculus. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 22. 

Differentials; curvature; theorem of mean value and its ap- 
plications; series; expansions of functions; partial differentiation 

Mathematics 26. Teachers' Arithmetic. Four hours. 

Aims and objectives of arithmetic; value of problems; assign- 
ments; examinations; importance of accuracy and speed; value of 
drill; games; solution of problems; methods of teaching arithmetic. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 
Mathematics 30. General Astronomy. Four hours. 
Development of astronomy as a science; development of the 

solar system; astronomical instruments; better known facts of 

astronomy. 

Mathematics 31. Elementary Statistical Methods. Two hours. 

Methods of collecting data; methods of tabulation of data; uses 
and purposes of statistical methods; central tendencies; deviations; 
correlations; graphic methods. 

Mathematics 32. Integral Calculus. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 23. 

Integration; constant of integration; definite integral; integra- 
tion as a process of summation; centroids; fluid pressure; other ap- 
plications and multiple integrals. 

Mathematics 33. Theory of Equations. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 22 or enrollment in Mathematics 22. 
Graphs; complex numbers; cubic equations; quartic equations; 
determinants and symmetric functions. 

Mathematics 34. College Geometry. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 21. 

Geometric constructions; properties of the triangle; transver- 
sals; harmonic properties of circles. 

Mathematics 40. Mathematical Statistics. Two hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 32. 

Graphs; moments; cumulative frequency; the normal law; 
correlation; probability and frequency curves. 

Mathematics 41. Differential Equations. Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 32. 

Differential equations of the first order; applications; singular 
solutions; linear equations with constant coefficients; miscellaneous 
methods for solving equations of higher order than the first; 
integration in series; total differential equations. 



CATALOG 1943-44 105 

Mathematics 42. Advanced Calculus. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 32. 

Indeterminate forms; power series; partial differentiation; im- 
plicit functions and applications to geometry. 

Mathematics 46. Teaching of High School Mathematics. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisite: Sixteen hours of college mathematics or consent 
of Head of the Department. 

Aims of high school mathematics; importance of high school 
mathematics; history of mathematics; problems of teaching applied 
to mathematics; methods of teaching algebra, plane and solid 
geometry, trigonometry, and high school arithmetic; selection of 
problems; types of examinations and their importance; class in- 
struction as applied to mathematics; importance of assignment and 
methods of study. 

Mathematics 47. The History of Mathematics. Two hours. 

The development of mathematical symbolism; the develop- 
ment of mathematical concepts; the contributions of mathematics 
to the development of civilization. 

Mathematics 48. Problems in the Teaching of Mathematics. 
Two hours. 

The course of study; organization of materials; methods of 
teaching various topics of algebra and geometry; the selection of 
textbooks: the construction and selection of tests. 

MILITARY SCIENCE AND TACTICS 

The work of the Reserve Officers Training Corps has been 
discontinued for the duration. It is assumed that the program 
will be resumed at the end of the war. 

The primary purpose of the Reserve Officers Training Corps 
(ROTC) is to strengthen our national defense by providing trained 
men who would be available in time of war. The secondary pur- 
pose is to give educational training which, through the years, has 
been found distinctly valuable by college students who have taken 
the course. 

As an essential element of military training, certain details 
of conduct are stressed in order that the student may complete his 
training well disciplined in mind and body. The particular 
methods employed by the military department are but a means 
to an end. The basic aim is to cultivate in each student habits of 
cheerful and unquestioning response to proper authority, loyalty, 
self control, precision, and alertness. These qualities, together with 
professional knowledge and experience in command, develop- 
leadership and personality, both valuable in peace and war. 



106 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

The Federal Government supports military training (ROTC) 
by providing uniforms or their money equivalent; by detailing 
instructors and maintenance personnel from the Regular Army; 
by furnishing army equipment; and, in the case of advanced 
students, by quarterly money payments determined annually. 
R.O.T.C. training is given by the college under the regulations and 
supervision of the War Department. Credit toward graduation 
is allowed as for other college courses. 

R.O.T.C. training contemplates four years of work. Hence, 
for those students who are ambitious and desire to obtain a com- 
mission in the Officers Reserve Corps of the United States Army, 
it is absolutely necessary for them to start the course in their 
freshman year. However, any student who has two years of 
college remaining may enroll in the basic course. 

The complete R.O.T.C. course is divided into two parts; the 
BASIC course and the ADVANCED course, each of six quarters' 
duration. Having enrolled in either course, a student will be 
required to complete the course unless he is released by proper 
authority or leaves school. However, the student must have satis- 
factorily completed the basic course before he becomes eligible for 
enrollment in the advanced course. 

Enrollment in either course is voluntary and DOES NOT 
OBLIGATE THE STUDENT FOR MILITARY SERVICE OR CALL 
TO DUTY IN ANY OTHER COMPONENT OF THE ARMY. 
Students must be citizens of the United States and pass the 
physical examination in order to enroll in the course. One fifty- 
minute period per week is set aside for Corps Day. On this day, 
the entire R.O.T.C. is turned out as a unit for military ceremonies. 
It is essential that R.O.T.C. men keep this hour open although 
Corps Day may not be held every week. 

Students who complete the basic course are given certificates 
of service and are considered valuable for national defense because 
they have had two years' training and are potential non-commis- 
sioned officers. 

Satisfactory completion of the entire R.O.T.C. course and a 
camp period make the man enrolled eligible to receive a commis- 
sion as a Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery in the Organized 
Reserve Corps. 

A reserve officer in peace time can be ordered to active duty 
training only AT HIS OWN REQUEST. In a declared National 
Emergency, reserve officers may be ordered to duty by the War 
Department. 

ALLOWANCES AND COSTS 

Students enrolling in the basic course receive no cash allow- 
ances but are issued articles of uniform for their personal wear 



CATALOG 1943-44 107 

to the value of approximately seventeen dollars. They are 
required to make a deposit of five dollars on these items to cover 
possible loss or damage NOT DUE TO ORDINARY FAIR WEAR 
OR TEAR. This deposit is similar to the laboratory deposits for 
other courses and, if the articles of uniform are returned in good 
condition to the Custodian of Military Property at the end of the 
term, the entire amount of the deposit is returned to the student. 
The deposit is, of course, returned to students who may have to 
leave college, on return of the articles of uniform. 

The articles of uniform issued to the students of the basic 
course are expected to last him for two years and must be cared 
for by the student. At the end of the first year, if the student 
intends to return to college the following year, his uniform is 
cleaned (at Government expense), tagged with his name, and 
packed away in moth preventive for reissue to him on his return. 
Band uniforms are furnished by the college and the Government 
pays an allowance to cover the cost of them. 

Textbooks for the basic course will cost about $3.00; for the 
advanced course about $5.00. The total initial outlay will be about 
$6.25 of which his deposit of $5.00 is returned to the student if he 
has taken good care of his uniform and government equipment. 

Students who enroll in the advanced course receive two allow- 
ances: uniform and subsistence. The subsistence allowance is a 
daily one and runs for the duration of his enrollment in the course 
exclusive of the camp period. In all, it amounts to about one 
hundred and fifty dollars. The uniform allowance is given the 
college to buy uniforms and the Government does not furnish 
uniforms for the advanced course students. All of this allowance 
must be spent on uniforms, but the uniform becomes the property 
of the student when he completes his course. Since good quality 
uniforms are purchased, they can be worn by the newly commis- 
sioned reserve officer. 

Upon completion of the advanced course, the student is 
required to attend a training camp of about ten weeks' duration. 
His expenses going to camp are paid by the Government. He is 
given free medical attention, fed, clothed, and in addition, is paid 
about $.70 a day while there. During the camp, the student puts 
into practice what he has learned during his instruction in the 
school R.O.T.C. Unit, and engages in service practice with the 
Field Artillery guns, for which an ammunition allowance is 
provided. 



108 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Military Science 11. Introduction to Military Science. One 
hour. 

Military discipline and the customs of service; leadership; field 
artillery material; obligations of citizenship; elementary gunnery 
and organization of the army. 

Military Science 11a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Military Science 12. Fundamentals of Military Training. 
One hour. 

Leadership; service of the piece and military material. 

Military Science 12a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 11a. 

Military Science 13. Fundamentals of Military Training. 
One hour. 

History and policy; sanitation and first aid; map reading: 
leadership and field artillery ammunition. 

Military Science 13a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 12a. 

Military Science 21. Basic Military Fundamentals. One hour. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 11. 12, and 13. 

Fire control instruments; map and aerial photograph reading; 
battery communications; leadership; automotive vehicle construc- 
tion and operation; signal communication; and B. C. Detail. 

Military Science 21a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 13a. 

Military Science 22. Basic Military Fundamentals. One hour. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 11, 12 and 13. 

Basic instruction in the work of the battery commander's 
detail, in leadership, and in automotive vehicle construction and 
operation; driving. 

Military Science 22a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 21a. 

Military Science 23. Basic Military Fundamentals. One hour. 

Basic instruction in the work of the battery commander's 
detail, in leadership, and in automotive vehicle construction and 
operation; driving and instruments. 

Military Science 23a. Basic Course in Military Band. One 
hour. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 22a. 



CATALOG 1943-44 109 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Military Science 31. First Year Advanced Course. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 21, 22, and 23. 
Leadership; administration; military motor vehicles; defense 
against chemicals; aerial photograph reading. 

Military Science 32. First Year Advanced Course. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 21, 22, and 23. 
Military team work; advanced gunnery; motor vehicles; 
reconnaissance and occupation of position and preparation of fire. 

Military Science 33. First Year Advanced Course. Four 
hours. 

Prerequisite: Military Science 32. 

Military team work; advanced gunnery (preparation of fire); 
motor vehicles. 

Military Science 41. Advanced Work in Military Science. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 31, 32, and 33. 

Instruction of basic R.O.T.C. students; military history and 
policy; the law of military offenses; the articles of war; courts- 
martial; method of instruction; property procurement and funds. 

Military Science 42. Advanced Work in Military Science. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 31, 32, and 33. 
Officers in the R.O.T.C; military tactics: military history and 
policy; military law and administration. 

Military Science 43. Advanced Work in Military Science. 
Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Military Science 31, 32, and 33. 
Officers in the R.O.T.C; military tactics; military history and 
policy; military law and administration; O.R.C. regulations: gunnery. 



110 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

MUSIC 

Music Fees 

Class Instruction: 

Piano, voice, violin, one quarter $ 3.50 

Wood wind, brass wind, one quarter 2.50 

Individual Instruction: 

Piano, voice, violin, organ, violoncello, 

Two lessons per week, one quarter 18.00 

One lesson per week, one quarter 12.00 

Practice room with piano, one hour daily, one quarter 3.50 

Use of college owned violin, one quarter 2.00 

PIANO 

Music la, b, c. Piano. Individual Instruction. No credit. 

See music fees. 

Introductory course for the non-musician preparatory to 
Music 11a. 

Major scales; tonic chords; first pieces. 

Kohler, Op. 190; Streabbog, Op. 63; Bilbro, Progressive Early 
Grade Studies; Loeschorn, Op. 65, Bk. I. 

Music 7a, b, c. Piano. Class Instruction. No credit. 

See music fees. 

Notation; hand position; simple melodies; folk song's. 

Music 11a, b, c. Piano. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Schmitt Preparatory Exercises; all major and minor scales in 
parallel motion; tonic chords and inversions; Burgmuller, Op. 100; 
Loeschorn, Op. 65, Book II; Bach-Carroll, Book for Beginners: 
Clementi, Easy Sonatas, Op. 36. 

Music lid, e, f. Piano. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Schmitt Preparatory Exercises; major and minor scales in 
parallel and contra motion; tonic chords, and broken chords with 
inversions; Heller, Op. 47; Duvernoy, Op. 120; Bach, Little Prel- 
udes; Clementi and Kuhlau Sonatinas. 

Music llg, h, i. Piano. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Wolff, The Little Pischna; major and minor scales in parallel 
and contra motion; tonic broken chords and inversions; tonic and 
diminished seventh arpeggi; Czerny, Op. 299; Heller, Op. 45; Bach, 
Two Part Inventions; Mozart, easiest Sonatas. 



CATALOG 1943-44 111 

Music llj, k, 1. Piano. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Philipp Exercises Pratiques, or Pischna; major and minor 
seales in thirds, sixths, and tenths; tonic, dominant, and diminished 
seventh arpeggi, and inversions; Cramer (Bulow), Sixty Selected 
Studies; Bach, three part inventions; Sonatas by Mozart and 
Haydn. 

Music lira, n, o. Piano. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Philipp; Pischna, Exercises Journaliers; scales and arpeggi in 
faster tempi; Bach, French Studies; Czerny, Op. 740; or Clementi, 
Gradu ad Parnassum; Beethoven, Sonatas. 

VOICE 

Music 2a, b, c. Voice. Individual Instruction. No credit. 
See music fees. 

Introductory course for the non-musician preparatory to 
Music 12a. 

Music 8a, b, c. Voice. Class Instruction. No credit. 

See music fees. 

Group instruction; to provide a foundation for correct singing 
and to prepare the student for more advanced private study. 

Music 12a, b, c. Voice. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Breathing exercises; diction, with emphasis placed on vowel 
formation; technical exercises to fit the individual need of the 
student. 

Sieber studies; simple sacred and secular songs. 

Music 12d, e, f. Voice. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Scales, with emphasis en evenness of scale; Vaccai and Marchesi 
studies; songs from the English, Italian, and German schools. 

Music 12g, h, i. Voice. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Scales, supplemented by other exercises leading to more rapid 
vocalization; Ponofka studies; art songs, with attention to inter- 
pretation and artistic performance. 

Music 12j, k, 1. Voice. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Advanced technical exercises; selections from the standard 
operas and oratorios; songs in French, Italian and Classical Leider. 

Music 20. Chorus. One hour. 

To encourage and foster a knowledge of and a desire to 
participate in choral singing; to teach part singing: to familiarize 
students with standard community and folk songs and with the 



112 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

more familiar choral works and simpler modern works for mixed 
chorus; to acquaint prospective teachers with desirable high school 
choral material; to illustrate ideals of choral singing and methods 
of attaining them. 

VIOLIN 

Music 3a, b, c. Violin. Individual Instruction. No credit. 
See music fees. 

An introductory course consisting of such studies, scales, and 
exercises as will prepare the student to enter Music 13a. 

Music 10a, b, c. String Class. One hour. 

To provide for the beginner who wishes to learn to play a 
string instrument an opportunity to study under the stimulus of 
class instruction; to start the beginner on the road toward sufficient 
playing and technical ability to teach strings in class and to train 
the string section of a school orchestra. 

The first two quarters and part of the third are devoted to the 
study of one particular instrument. The third quarter devotes 
some attention to the string instruments not studied in Music 10a 
and 10b. Practical arranging for string orchestra is also studied. 

Music 13a, b, c. Violin. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Technical proficiency through the third position; two finger 
scales in these positions; two octave scales in all major keys; 
development of the technique of the left hand and of the bow arm; 
sight reading. 

Studies and exercises by Kayser and Wohlfart, Danca, Valua- 
tions; simple selections. 

Orchestra attendance required. 

Music 13d, e, f. Violin. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Study of the positions; scales and arpeggi in all major and 
minor keys, in all positions; chord study, double, triple and quad- 
ruple; finger shifting and bowing exercises; one- and two-finger 
scales preparatory to octaves; broken octaves; sight reading. 

Mazas, Opus 36; Kreutzer, Selected Studies; Fiorillo and Parre: 
miscellaneous pieces; one or more of the simpler concertos and 
sonatas. 

Orchestra attendance required. 

Music 13g, h, i. Violin. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Three octave scales; left and right hand pizzicato; varied 
bowing of the diminished seventh chord: all scales, ascending and 
descending on one string, with any one, two or three fingers; 
thirds; fingered harmonics. 



CATALOG 1943-44 113 

Sevick, Opus 8; Fiorillo; Rode; Wilhelmj, School of Thirds: 
Handel, Six Sonatas; Tartini, Sonato in G. Minor. 
Orchestra attendance required. 

Music 13 j, k, 1. Violin. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Scales in thirds and octaves; fingered octaves and tenths; 
cultivation and development of style and an understanding of the 
composition being played; sonatas and concertos of preceding years 
continued for public performance; extensive violin solo and chamber 
music literature. 

The student is required to do ensemble work in string quar- 
tette and must be able to play first violin in the college orchestra. 

VIOLONCELLO 

Music 4a, b, c. Violoncello. Individual Instruction. No 
credit. 

See music fees. 

Music 14a, b, c. Violoncello. Individual Instruction. Two 
hours. 

See music fees. 

Music 14d, e, f. Violoncello. Individual Instruction. Two 
hours. 

See music fees. 

ORGAN 

Music 15a, b, c. Organ. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Four years of piano stud}'. 

See music fees. 

Elementary Instruction Book for the Hammond Organ: 
Clemens, Modern School for the Organ; preparatory studies for 
manuals alone; trios for manuals and pedals; Easy Arrangements 
for the Hammond Organ. 

Music I5d, e, f. Organ. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

Sec music fees. 

Buck, Studies in Pedal Phrasing; Bach, Selected Chorale Prel- 
udes; Easier Work of Mendelssohn, Guilmant, and other composers 
for organ. 

Music log, h, i. Organ. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Dupre, Seventy-nine Chorales; Bach, Selected Chorale Prel- 
udes; Selected Works from Guilmant, Rheinberger, Mendelssohn; 
Selected Modern Compositions. 

Music loj, k, 1. Organ. Individual Instruction. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Bach, Chorale Preludes, Preludes and Fuges; Mendelssohn. 



114 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Sonata I or II; Widor, Symphony II or IV, Selected Modern 
Compositions. 

WIND INSTRUMENTS 

Music 6a, b, c. Wind Instruments. Individual Instruction. 
No credit. 

See music fees. 

Introductory course for those who wish to learn to play any 
of the woodwind cr brass instruments. 

Music 16a. Instrument Class: Woodwind. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Practical instruction in methods of tone production, tuning, 
fingering and care of the instruments; group instruction, involving 
handling and playing of the woodwind instruments of the band 
and orchestra. 

Music 16b. Instrument Class: Brass. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Practical instruction in methods of tone production, tuning, 
fingering and care of the instruments; group instruction, involving 
handling and playing of the brass instruments of the band and 
orchestra. 

Music 16c. Instrument Class: Percussion. Two hours. 

See music fees. 

Practical instruction in the fundamentals of percussion 
technique; group instruction in the use of the snare drum, tympani 
and traps; particular emphasis will be placed on the snare drum. 

HISTORY AM) APPRECIATION 

LOWER DIVISION COURSE 

Music 27. The Enjoyment of Music. Four hours. 

The most interesting music from all periods and all styles. 
Besides the regular library of recorded music, there is available 
tor this course the Carnegie Music Set, including reproducing 
machine and record library, and a Steinway Duo-Art player piano. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Music 37a. Music History I. Two hours. 

Archaic and medieval music; organization of church music, 
music of the Renaissance and Reformation; music of Elizabethan 
England; early classical composers; Bach. Handel. Haydn, and 
Mozart. 



CATALOG 1943-44 115 

Music 37b. Music History II. Two hours. 

Romanticism in music; the Romantic opera; development of 
piano music; the art song; Beethoven; Schubert; Schumann; 
Chopin; Liszt; Wagner. 

Music 37c. Music History III. Two hours. 

Late Romantic and national trends in music; modern music; 
Impressionism; atonality; Debussy, Ravel; Hindemith; Stravinsky; 
jazz influence in American music; Karris; Gershwin, etc. 

MUSIC EDUCATION 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Music 25a. Public School Music I. Two hours. 

Such knowledge of music theory and of the principles of 
notation as is needed by the grade teacher. 

Music 25b. Public School Music II. Two hours. 

The aims of music in the grades; the child voice; tone quality; 
the unmusical singer; rhythmic development; use of the pitch pipe; 
rote songs; use of the phonograph in teaching songs, together with 
increasing ability in music reading on the part of the student. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Music 34. Methods of Teaching Music Appreciation. Two 
hours. 

Music for little children; mimetic activities; rhythm band; 
free rhythmic expression; directed rhythmic expression; story 
telling music; music for quiet listening; bibliographies of helpful 
materials about music and composers; types of phonographs and 
recordings; records suitable for presentation in each grade; 
integration of music with the units of work in the general subjects. 

Music 41. Grade Methods and Materials. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: Music 25a, 25b, and 18. 

The teaching and supervision of music in the grades. 

Music 42. Conducting. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: Music 25a, 25b, and Music 18, or the equivalent. 

Technique of the baton; tempo; attach; release; phrasing; 
dynamics; seating of the chorus and orchestra; discipline of re- 
hearsals; community music. 

?/Iusic 43a, 43b, 43c. Teaching of Piano in Classes. 

Prerequisites: Music llg, llh, Hi. 

Methods of teaching piano in classes; observation and practice 
teaching; The Oxford Piano Course, supplemented by material 
from the works of John Thompson, Dorothy Gayner. Blake, Leon 
litis, Bernice Frost, etc. 



116 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Music 44a. Band and Orchestra Procedures and Materials. 
Two hours. 

Analysis and organization of various courses of study for 
instrumental groups of varying abilities; rehearsal routines; 
training student sectional leaders; duties which may be assumed 
by students; adaptation of practice quarters to fit acoustical needs; 
program mechanics for public appearances; publicizing and inter- 
preting music activities; care of equipment; program and teaching 
materials; consideration of the modified Prescott system and 
similar courses of study. 

Music 44b. Band and Orchestra Procedures and Materials. 
Two hours. 

Continuation of Music 44a. 

THEORY 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Music 18. Elements of Music. Two hours. 

Staff notation, notes, rests, clefs, scales (various modes), keys, 
meter, chromatic tones, intervals, chords, cadences, abbreviations, 
and other symbols; music terms; elements of form; solmization; 
music writing and simple dictation. 

Music 28a. Beginning Harmony I. Two hours. 

Four voice part writing based on primary triads; the dominant 
seventh melodic passing tones and embellishments; keyboard work 
consisting of scales, triads, etc. 

Music 28b. Beginning HaiTnony II. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Music 28a. 

Continuation of first term harmony; use of secondary triads 
and inversions in major and minor keys; harmonizations with 
figured bass and given soprano; original composition in simple 
forms; keyboard work with cadences and elementary harmoniza- 
tion. 

Music 28c. Beginning Harmony III. Two hours. 
Prerequisite: Music 28b. 

Secondary chords of the seventh, modulation to nearly related 
keys; continuation of keyboard and original work. 

Music 29a. Beginning Sight Singing and Ear Training I. 
One hour. 

Prerequisite: Music 18. 

Sight singing of melodic exercises in major and minor keys 
and in various rhythms; tone group, and verbal and tonal dicta- 
tion; interval drill. 



CATALOG 1943-44 117 

Music 29b. Beginning Sight Singing and Ear Training II. 
One hour. 

Prerequisite: Music 29a. 

More difficult sight singing and tonal dictation; simple har- 
monic recognition; complex rhythms. 

Music 29c. Beginning Sight Singing and Ear Training III. 
One hour. 

Prerequisite: Music 29b. 

Continuation of Music 29b. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Music 38a. Advanced Harmony I. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Music 29c. 

Extraneous modulation: secondary chords of the seventh; 
analysis of sonatas of Haydn and Mozart; study of melodic and 
harmonic development. 

Music 38b. Advanced Harmony II. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Music 38a. 

Chords of the Neopolitan sixth; augmented sixth; modulation 
through use of the diminished seventh chord; analysis and 
memorizing a Bach choral; writing a sonata, allegro form. 

Music 38c. Advanced Harmony III. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Music 38b. 

Embellishment and reduction of melodies; modulation to 
distant keys; original work to fit the student's need. 

Music 39a. Advanced Sight Singing and Ear Training I. 
One hour. 

Continuation of Music 29c. 

Music 39b. Advanced Sight Singing and Ear Training II. 
One hour. 

Prerequisite: Music 39a. 

Music 39c. Advanced Sight Singing and Ear Training III. 
One hour. 

Prerequisite: Music 39b. 

Music 48a. Counterpoint I. Two hours. 

Prerequisites: One year of Harmony and an elementary knowl- 
edge of piano playing. 

Strict counterpoint, two and three voices in all species: 
original polyphonic writing based on a study of the Invention and 
the Canon. 

Music 48b. Counterpoint II. Two hours. 

Prerequisite: Music 48a. 

Four part counterpoint in all species; original composition 
based on study of the Motet and the Madrigal. 



118 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

ENSEMBLE 

Music 21. Band. One-third hour. 

(Ordinarily credit is given only upon completion of three 
quarters' work.) 

Admission to membership upon approval of instructor. 

Music 22. Orchestra. One-third hour. 

Admission to membership upon approval of instructor. 

Music 23. Girls' Glee Club. One-third hour. 

Admission to membership upon approval of instructor. 

Music 24. Men's Glee Club. One-third hour. 

Admission to membership upon approval of instructor. 

PHILOSOPHY 

Philosophy 30. History of Philosophy. Four hours. 

Study of the ideas of the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, 
Stoics, Epicureans, Neo-Platonism, the Patristic period, and 
Scholasticism. 

Philosophy 31. History of Philosophy. Four hours. 

Study of the ideas of individual philosophers and their posi- 
tions with respect to the traditional schools — idealism, realism, and 
pragmatism. Emphasis will be placed upon Bacon, Locke, Spinoza, 
Hume, Kant, Hegel, James, and Dewey. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Physical Education 10. Fundamental Physical Education 
Activities. One-half hour. Fee, 50c. 

Development of a desirable attitude toward play in relation to 
the proper use of leisure time in the individual and group. 
Section A. Fundamental Rhythms 
Section B. Combative Activities 
Section C. Swimming 
Section D. Recreational Games 
Section E. Advanced Rhythms 
Section F. Advanced Swimming 
Section G. Individual and Team Games 

Physical Education 11. Introduction to Physical Education. 
Two hours. 

Place of physical education in general education and American 
life; consideration of comparative physical education. 



CATALOG 1943-44 119 

Physical Education 20. Plays and Games for Elementary 
Grades. Two hours. 

Materials, methods and practice in physical education activities 
suitable for children in the elementary school. 

Physical Education 21. Games and Sports for the Secondary 
School. Two hours. 

Physical education activities suitable for junior and senior 
high school students. 

Physical Education 22. Coaching Football and Basketball. 
Two hours. (Men.) 

Practical and theoretical background of teaching football and 
basketball. 

Physical Education 23. Coaching Spring Sports. Two hours. 
(Men.) 

Practical and theoretical background of teaching track and 
field and baseball. 

Physical Education 25. Clubcraft. Two hours. 

National girls' organizations such as Girl Scouts, Camp Fire 
Girls, Girl Reserves, and 4H Clubs; leadership and organization of 
clubs. 

Physical Education 26. Scouting and Clubcraft. Four hours. 
Fee, 50c. (Men.) 

History and principles of scouting; practical scoutcraft and 
clubcraft. The scoutmaster's certificate is awarded to those com- 
pleting the course. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Physical Education 30. Folk and National Dancing. Two 
hours. 

Traditional and social dances of other countries including 
English country dances, Morris and sword dances, and other 
national dances. 

Physical Education 31. Kinesiology. Two hours. 
Fundamentals of body mechanics; movements of the human 
body. 

Physical Education 32. Physiology of Activity. Two hours. 
Effects of physical education activities on the various systems 
of the human body. 

Physical Education 33. Physical Training Activities. Two 
hours. Fee, 50c. 

Tactics; dancing; free exercise; hand apparatus; mimetics and 
games; stunts. 



120 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Physical Education 34. Advanced Physical Training Activ- 
ities. Two hours. Fee, 50c. 

Prerequisite: Physical Education 33. 

Advanced tactics; drills for demonstration; natural exercises; 
pyramid building; games; opportunity for leadership and observa- 
tion. 

Physical Education 35a, 35b. Modern Dance. Two hours. 

Modern dance and the fundamentals of movement and rhythm: 
dance composition. 

Physical Education 36. Materials and Methods for Teaching 
Physical Education. Two hours. 

Theories of play; study of existing play programs; correlation 
with other subjects; games, skills, lesson planning and observation. 

Physical Education 40. Community Recreation. Two hours. 

The problem of leisure; vacation time for children; adult 
recreation; content of school programs for leisure education; 
physical education; dramatics; reading; music; art and handcrafts; 
nature study; extracurricular activities. 

Physical Education 41. Recreation Leadership. Two hours. 

Practice and observation of existing recreational facilities: 
Playground, swimming pool, social centers; introduction and 
contact with specialists in various recreational fields; govern- 
mental and semi-private agencies promoting recreation. 

Physical Education 46. Administration and Organization of 
Physical Education. Four hours. 

Prerequisites: Physical Education 33 and 34. 

Intramurals, sport days, festivals, and community play days; 
incentives; point systems; grading, awards, and standards; care of 
gymnasium and equipment; activities suitable for junior and senior 
high school students. 

PHYSICS 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Physics 10. Household Physics. Four hours. 

Open only to students majoring in home economics. 

Forces and their effects; work, energy and power; elementary 
machines; heating refrigeration, and air conditioning; principles of 
electricity, sound and light; applications in the home and community 
such as the telephone, radio, talking pictures, transportation, trans- 
mission of pictures, and automatic controls. 

Physics 20. Mechanics and Heat. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 10, 11, and registration in Mathe- 
matics 12. 

Statics; kinetics; gravitation and falling bodies; work, energy, 
power, and friction; motion in a circle: rotation of a body; elas- 



CATALOG 1943-44 121 

ticity; hydrostatics; mechanics of gases; fluids in motion; surface 
tension and capillarity; temperature; expansion; heat measure- 
ments; changes of state; heat and energy; propagation of heat. 

Physics 21. Wave Motion, Sound, and Light. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Physics 20. 

Waves; sound and its transmission; properties of sound; 
acoustics; the physical basis of music; production of tones; light 
sources; reflection; refraction; optical instruments; dispersal and 
spectra; interference of light; diffraction; polarized light; color; 
sources of light; optical phenomena in nature. 

Physics 22. Electricity and Corpuscular Physics. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisite: Physics 20. 

Magnetism; electrostatics; electrodynamics; the electrical cur- 
rent; batteries and thermocouples; electrical measurements; electro - 
magnetism; induced currents; electrical machinery; electrical 
oscillations; electrical discharges; thermo- and photo-electric 
emission; x-rays and related phenomena; atomic structure; radio- 
activity. 

Physics 23. Problems in General Physics. Two hours. Fee, 
SI. 00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22 or registration in Physics 22. 
Problems selected from topics in Physics 20, 21, and 22. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Physics 30. Modern Physics. Four Hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22, Mathematics 22 and 23, or 
registration in Mathematics 23. 

Nature of matter, electricity, and radiant energy; spectro- 
scopy; x-rays. 

Physics 31. Modern Physics. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22, Mathematics 22 and 23, or 
registration in Mathematics 23. 

Molecular structure; radioactivity; atomic theory; relativity; 
astrophysics. 

Physics 32. Introduction to Physical Optics. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20 and 21. 

Wave motion; reflection and refraction; further study of lenses; 
the telescope; dispersion; facts concerning the spectrum; interfer- 
ence; diffraction; plane polarized light; the electromagnetic theory 
of light: the quantum theory and origin of spectra: the dilemma. 



122 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Physics 33. Heat. Four hours. Fee. $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22, Mathematics 22. 

Historical review of theories and discoveries; thermometry; 
specific heats; thermal expansion; transfer of heat; first law of 
thermodynamics; radiation; change of state; continuity of state; 
introduction to thermodynamics; production of low temperatures; 
production of high temperatures. 

Physics 34. Advanced Electricity and Magnetism. Four hours. 
Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22, Mathematics 22, 23, and 32, or 
registration in Mathematics 32. 

Magnetism; the electric current; electrostatics; electrolysis; 
thermoelectricity; electromagnetism; alternating currents; electro- 
magnetic radiation; conduction in gases; electrons and atoms. 

Physics 35. Sound. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, 22, and Mathematics 22. 

Theory of vibration; vibrating systems and sources of sound; 
reception, transformation, and measurement of sound energy; 
technical applications. 

Physics 36. Electronics. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Physics 34. 

Theory of thermionic tubes; amplifier circuit principles; 
photosensitive devices; rectifiers. 

Physics 37. Electrical Measurements. Two hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Physics 34, or registration in Physics 34. 
Experiments selected to supplement the theory of Physics 34. 

Physics 40. Intermediate Mechanics. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 

Prerequisites: Physics 20, 21, and Mathematics 32. 

Review of elementary concepts; rectilinear motion; curvilinear 
motion; particle dynamics from the point of view of energy; statics 
and dynamics of particles and larger bodies. 

Physics 41. Advanced Mechanics. Four hours. Fee, $1.00. 
Prerequisite: Physics 40 and Mathematics 32. 
Dynamics of rotating bodies; constrained motion; oscillations: 
deformable bodies and wave motion: mechanics of fluids. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Psychology 20. General Psychology. Four hours. 

Preview of psychology; factors in development; motivation: 
emotions; learning; the management of learning; thinking; person- 
ality and individual differences; intelligence; vocation and employ- 
ment psychology; getting along with people; psychology and social 
problems. 



CATALOG 1943-44 123 

SOCIOLOGY 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Sociology 10. College Orientation. One hour. 

The college and its functions; living in college; the develop- 
ment of efficient study habits; personal and family responsibilities; 
social relationships; vocational guidance. 

Sociology 14. Rural Sociology. Four hours. 

Historical backgrounds, movements, resources, and problems 
of rural communities; rural-urban relationships; rural people; 
problems of rural youth; agriculture and its problems of adjust- 
ment; community organizations and institutions; adult education; 
public health, rural recreation, and social welfare; community 
organization and local government; relationship of the school to 
other institutions and agencies of the rural community; location 
and use of educational materials and resources in the community; 
state and national policies for the improvement of rural society. 

Sociology 20. Social Understandings. Four hours. 

The meaning of "social understandings"; the community and 
the community process; community surveys; the study of specific 
social problems, groups, and institutions as they relate to the 
community process. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 
(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Sociology 30. Introduction to Sociology. Four hours. 

Field of sociology and its relation to other social science 
courses; relation of living conditions to life; the problem of finding 
and using leadei*s; social achievements; man's relation to his 
institutions and his responsibility for them; the family, religion, 
and morals. 

Sociology 31. Current Social Problems. Four hours. 

The social and institutional impact of industrialism and 
secularism; economic, social, and biological problems in modern 
society; social wreckage. 

Sociology 35. The Meaning of Total War. One hour. 

Basic economic problems; human and material resources; 
human geography in the air age; the problem of civilian defense; 
health problems; nutrition and welfare; mobilization of manpower; 
financing the war effort; price control, priorities, rationing, etc.; 
changing educational patterns; social dislocations and post-war 
problems. 



124 EASTERN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE 

SPANISH 

LOWER DIVISION COURSES 

Spanish 11. Elementary Spanish. Four Hours. 
Grammar; pronunciation; reading of easy Spanish. 
Spanish 12. Elementary Spanish. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 11 or one unit of high school Spanish. 

Spanish 21. Intermediate Spanish. Four hours. 
Prerequisites: Spanish 11 and 12 or two units of high school 
Spanish. 

Review of grammar; intensive work on studies of Spanish 
speaking countries as a basis for spoken Spanish. 

Spanish 22. Intermediate Spanish. Four hours. 
Prerequisite : Spanish 21 or three units of high school Spanish. 
Foundation work for advanced study in literature and intensive 
study of spoken Spanish. 

UPPER DIVISION COURSES 

(Open only to Junior, Senior, and Graduate Students) 

Spanish 31. The Spanish Novel. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Two years of college Spanish or the equivalent. 
Reading of selected novels of the Golden Age and of the 
eighteenth century. 

Spanish 32. The Spanish Novel. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 31 or its equivalent. 
Novels of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

Spanish 41. Spanish Poetry. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Two years of college Spanish or the equivalent. 
Selected poems by writers throughout the world using the 
Spanish medium. 

Spanish 42. Spanish Drama. Four hours. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 41 or its equivalent. 
Representative plays of the various schools of drama. 



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